The economic impact of regular season sporting competitions: the Glasgow old firm spectators as sports tourists

Grant Allan, J. Kim Swales, Stewart Dunlop

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)


This paper considers the economic impact of the sports tourism expenditures associated with regular season sports competition. In particular the sports tourism characteristics of the supporters of the two largest football clubs in Scotland - Celtic FC and Rangers FC - are investigated. Both of these clubs are based in Glasgow, but play matches (and draw supporters from) across and outside Scotland. The paper quantifies the direct, indirect and induced effects of this expenditure using a novel extension of a two-region Input Output (IO) table for Glasgow and the rest of Scotland. The IO system is used to calculate net additional economic activity, in terms of GDP and employment, from gross and displaced activity at different regional levels.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)63-97
Number of pages34
JournalJournal of Sport and Tourism
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 22 Oct 2007



  • sports tourism
  • football
  • input-output
  • regional economic impact

Cite this