The development of CDM-based theories for predicting FLD for hot stamping applications

J Lin, M Mohamed, D Balint, TA Dean

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

74 Citations (Scopus)


This paper presents a novel plane-stress continuum damage mechanics (CDM) model for the prediction of the different shapes of forming limit diagrams (FLCs) for aluminium alloys under hot stamping conditions. Firstly, a set of uniaxial viscoplastic damage constitutive equations is determined from tensile experimental data of AA5754 at a temperature range of 350–550C and strain rates of 0.1, 1.0 and 10 s-1. The tests were carried out on Gleeble materials simulator (3800). Based on the analysis of features of FLCs for different materials forming at different temperatures, a plane-stress damage equation is proposed to take account the failure of materials at different stress-state sheet metal forming conditions. In this way, a set of multiaxial viscoplastic damage constitutive equations is formulated. The model is calibrated from the FLC data at temperature of 350C and strain rate of 1.0 s1 for AA5754. A good agreement has been achieved between the experimental and numerical data. The effect of the maximum principal stress, effective stress and hydrostatic stress on the materials failure features and on the shape of FLCs is studied individually and in combination. Using the newly developed plane-stress unified viscoplastic damage constitutive equations, the FLC of materials can be predicted at different temperatures and strain rate forming conditions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)684-701
Number of pages19
JournalInternational Journal of Damage Mechanics
Issue number5
Early online date21 Oct 2013
Publication statusPublished - 31 Jul 2014


  • FLC
  • hot stamping
  • continuum damage mechanics (CDM).
  • materials modelling
  • unified damage equations


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