The detection of outliers in free-recall lists - an exploratory analysis

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A number of methods which can be used to scan free recall lists are described. These methods will be of use in an initial exploratory analysis of responses with a view to checking the data before proceeding with more sophisticated analyses. The aim is to bring atypical recall patterns to the attention of the experimenter so that any aberrant data may be excluded if necessary or to allow such patterns to be studied further.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)140-156
Number of pages16
JournalBritish Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1987


  • free recall
  • methodological bias
  • mathematical analysis
  • memory
  • cluster analysis
  • categorization
  • human


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