The border effect and Scottish independence

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


The border effect is the empirical regularity that trade is much higher within countries than across national boundaries. This clearly has some relevance for the economics of Scottish independence, but how much and what exactly is this relevance?
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Economic Consequences of Scottish Independence
EditorsDavid Bell, David Eiser, Klaus Beckmann
Place of PublicationHamburg, Germany
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - 31 Aug 2014


  • Scottish independence
  • referendum
  • indy ref


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