The biomechanics of restricted movement in adult obesity

S.C. Wearing, S.R. Urry, J.E. Smeathers

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    133 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    In spite of significant advances in the knowledge and understanding of the multi-factorial nature of obesity, many questions regarding the specific consequences of the disease remain unanswered. In particular, there is a relative dearth of information pertaining to the functional limitations imposed by overweight and obesity. The limited number of studies to date have mainly focused on the effect of obesity on the temporospatial characteristics of walking, plantar foot pressures, muscular strength and, to a lesser extent, postural balance. Collectively, these studies have implied that the functional limitations imposed by the additional loading of the locomotor system in obesity result in aberrant mechanics and the potential for musculoskeletal injury. Despite the greater prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders in the obese, there has been surprisingly little empirical investigation pertaining to the biomechanics of activities of daily living or into the mechanical and neuromuscular factors that may predispose the obese to injury. A better appreciation of the implications of increased levels of body adiposity on the movement capabilities of the obese would afford a greater opportunity to provide meaningful support in preventing, treating and managing the condition and its sequelae. Moreover, there is an urgent need to establish the physical consequences of continued repetitive loading of major structures of the body, particularly of the lower limbs in the obese, during the diverse range of activities of daily living.
    LanguageEnglish
    Pages13-24
    Number of pages11
    JournalObesity Reviews
    Volume7
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2001

    Fingerprint

    Biomechanical Phenomena
    Obesity
    Activities of Daily Living
    Postural Balance
    Adiposity
    Wounds and Injuries
    Mechanics
    Walking
    Foot
    Lower Extremity
    Pressure

    Keywords

    • biomechanics
    • lower limb
    • obesity
    • kinetics
    • bioengineering

    Cite this

    Wearing, S.C. ; Urry, S.R. ; Smeathers, J.E. / The biomechanics of restricted movement in adult obesity. In: Obesity Reviews. 2001 ; Vol. 7, No. 1. pp. 13-24.
    @article{3d452f327d0344bdbcecb39bb7cc3cbe,
    title = "The biomechanics of restricted movement in adult obesity",
    abstract = "In spite of significant advances in the knowledge and understanding of the multi-factorial nature of obesity, many questions regarding the specific consequences of the disease remain unanswered. In particular, there is a relative dearth of information pertaining to the functional limitations imposed by overweight and obesity. The limited number of studies to date have mainly focused on the effect of obesity on the temporospatial characteristics of walking, plantar foot pressures, muscular strength and, to a lesser extent, postural balance. Collectively, these studies have implied that the functional limitations imposed by the additional loading of the locomotor system in obesity result in aberrant mechanics and the potential for musculoskeletal injury. Despite the greater prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders in the obese, there has been surprisingly little empirical investigation pertaining to the biomechanics of activities of daily living or into the mechanical and neuromuscular factors that may predispose the obese to injury. A better appreciation of the implications of increased levels of body adiposity on the movement capabilities of the obese would afford a greater opportunity to provide meaningful support in preventing, treating and managing the condition and its sequelae. Moreover, there is an urgent need to establish the physical consequences of continued repetitive loading of major structures of the body, particularly of the lower limbs in the obese, during the diverse range of activities of daily living.",
    keywords = "biomechanics, lower limb, obesity, kinetics, bioengineering",
    author = "S.C. Wearing and S.R. Urry and J.E. Smeathers",
    year = "2001",
    doi = "10.1111/j.1467-789X.2006.00215.x",
    language = "English",
    volume = "7",
    pages = "13--24",
    journal = "Obesity Reviews",
    issn = "1467-7881",
    number = "1",

    }

    The biomechanics of restricted movement in adult obesity. / Wearing, S.C.; Urry, S.R.; Smeathers, J.E.

    In: Obesity Reviews, Vol. 7, No. 1, 2001, p. 13-24.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - The biomechanics of restricted movement in adult obesity

    AU - Wearing, S.C.

    AU - Urry, S.R.

    AU - Smeathers, J.E.

    PY - 2001

    Y1 - 2001

    N2 - In spite of significant advances in the knowledge and understanding of the multi-factorial nature of obesity, many questions regarding the specific consequences of the disease remain unanswered. In particular, there is a relative dearth of information pertaining to the functional limitations imposed by overweight and obesity. The limited number of studies to date have mainly focused on the effect of obesity on the temporospatial characteristics of walking, plantar foot pressures, muscular strength and, to a lesser extent, postural balance. Collectively, these studies have implied that the functional limitations imposed by the additional loading of the locomotor system in obesity result in aberrant mechanics and the potential for musculoskeletal injury. Despite the greater prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders in the obese, there has been surprisingly little empirical investigation pertaining to the biomechanics of activities of daily living or into the mechanical and neuromuscular factors that may predispose the obese to injury. A better appreciation of the implications of increased levels of body adiposity on the movement capabilities of the obese would afford a greater opportunity to provide meaningful support in preventing, treating and managing the condition and its sequelae. Moreover, there is an urgent need to establish the physical consequences of continued repetitive loading of major structures of the body, particularly of the lower limbs in the obese, during the diverse range of activities of daily living.

    AB - In spite of significant advances in the knowledge and understanding of the multi-factorial nature of obesity, many questions regarding the specific consequences of the disease remain unanswered. In particular, there is a relative dearth of information pertaining to the functional limitations imposed by overweight and obesity. The limited number of studies to date have mainly focused on the effect of obesity on the temporospatial characteristics of walking, plantar foot pressures, muscular strength and, to a lesser extent, postural balance. Collectively, these studies have implied that the functional limitations imposed by the additional loading of the locomotor system in obesity result in aberrant mechanics and the potential for musculoskeletal injury. Despite the greater prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders in the obese, there has been surprisingly little empirical investigation pertaining to the biomechanics of activities of daily living or into the mechanical and neuromuscular factors that may predispose the obese to injury. A better appreciation of the implications of increased levels of body adiposity on the movement capabilities of the obese would afford a greater opportunity to provide meaningful support in preventing, treating and managing the condition and its sequelae. Moreover, there is an urgent need to establish the physical consequences of continued repetitive loading of major structures of the body, particularly of the lower limbs in the obese, during the diverse range of activities of daily living.

    KW - biomechanics

    KW - lower limb

    KW - obesity

    KW - kinetics

    KW - bioengineering

    UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-789X.2006.00215.x

    U2 - 10.1111/j.1467-789X.2006.00215.x

    DO - 10.1111/j.1467-789X.2006.00215.x

    M3 - Article

    VL - 7

    SP - 13

    EP - 24

    JO - Obesity Reviews

    T2 - Obesity Reviews

    JF - Obesity Reviews

    SN - 1467-7881

    IS - 1

    ER -