The aetiology of child sexual abuse: a critical review of the empirical evidence

Estelle Clayton, Christine Jones, Jon Brown, Julie Taylor

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    30 Citations (Scopus)
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    This paper reports the results of a critical review of empirical evidence relating to the aetiology of child sexual abuse published over the last fifteen years. The current review found that the psychology, criminal history and prior victimisation of the perpetrator and the gender, disability status, sexuality and family circumstances of the victim are important risk factors for child sexual abuse. Offence characteristics such as the offender-victim relationship, modus operandi of the perpetrator and absence of a capable guardian are also found to be important markers of risk. We make suggestions for future research frameworks and designs and we discuss the implications of the evidence for future primary prevention initiatives, practice and policy. We use this evidence to make recommendations for the development of child maltreatment theory more generally.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)181-197
    Number of pages17
    JournalChild Abuse Review
    Issue number3
    Publication statusPublished - 17 Jun 2018


    • child sexual abuse
    • primary prevention
    • aetiology


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