The aesthetics of robot design: towards a classification of morphologies

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Robots are becoming increasingly prevalent in the workplace. As Industry 5.0 pursues human-centric technologies, a greater understanding of what effects aesthetics has on those interacting with robots is needed. This paper sets out robot morphology as a way to characterise key form types, and proposes seven classifications: anthropomorphism, zoomorphism, phytomorphism, artemorphism, functiomorphism, amorphism, and neomorphism. Through an assessment of the current robot aesthetic landscape, design dimensions are identified with examples that can inform future robot design.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2413-2422
Number of pages10
JournalProceedings of the Design Society
Publication statusPublished - 16 May 2024
Event18th International Design Conference, DESIGN 2024 - Hotel Croatia Cavtat, Dubrovnik, Croatia
Duration: 20 May 202423 May 2024


  • industrial design
  • aesthetics
  • design aesthetics
  • robot aesthetics
  • morphology


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