THD reduction in wind energy system using type-4 wind turbine/PMSG applying the active front-end converter parallel operation

Nadia Maria Salgado-Herrera, David Campos-Gaona, Olimpo Anaya-Lara, Aurelio Medina-Rios, Roberto Tapia-Sánchez, Juan Ramon Rodriguez-Rodriguez

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In this paper, the active front-end (AFE) converter topology for the total harmonic distortion (THD) reduction in a wind energy system (WES) is used. A higher THD results in serious pulsations in the wind turbine (WT) output power and several power losses at the WES. The AFE converter topology improves the capability, efficiency, and reliability in the energy conversion devices; by modifying a conventional back to-back converter, from using a single voltage source converter (VSC) to use pVSC connected in parallel, the AFE converter is generated. The THD reduction is achieved by applying a different phase shift angle at the carrier of digital sinusoidal pulse width modulation (DSPWM) switching signals of each VSC. To verify the functionality of the proposed methodology, the WES simulation in Matlab-Simulink® (Matlab r2015b, Mathworks, Natick, MA, USA) is analyzed, and the experimental laboratory tests using the concept of rapid control prototyping (RCP) and the real-time simulator Opal-RT Technologies® (Montreal, QC, Canada) is achieved. The obtained results show a type-4 WT with a total output power of 6 MVA, generating a THD reduction up to 5.5 times of the total WES current output by Fourier series expansion.
Original languageEnglish
Article number2458
Number of pages23
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 16 Sep 2018



  • active front-end converter
  • back-to-back converter
  • permanent magnet synchronous generator (PMSG)
  • THD
  • type-4 wind turbine
  • wind energy system
  • Opal-RT Technologies

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