Technical developments of functional electrical stimulation to restore gait functions: sensing, control strategies, and current commercial systems

Lin Meng, Bernd Porr, Henrik Gollee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)
29 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

The work presents a review on the technological advancements of functional electrical stimulation (FES) neuroprostheses to restore gait walking over the last decades. The aim of an FES intervention is to functionally restore and rehabilitate individuals with motor disorders, such as stroke, spinal cord injury, multiple sclerosis, and others. The technique has been applied for widespread practical use for several years due to the rapid development of micro- and nano-technology. This technical review covers neuroprostheses developed within academia and currently available on the market. These systems are thoroughly analyzed and discussed with particular emphasis on the sensing techniques and control strategies. In the last part, a combination of FES technology and exoskeletons is presented as an emerging solution to overcome the drawbacks of current FES-based neuroprostheses, and recommendations on future research direction are suggested
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1319-1334
Number of pages17
JournalChinese Journal of Scientific Instrument
Volume2017
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 30 Jun 2017

Keywords

  • functional electrical stimulation
  • neuroprosthesis
  • gait restoration
  • closed-loop control
  • open-loop control
  • hybrid exoskeleton

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