Targeting 17β-estradiol biosynthesis in neural stem cells improves stroke outcome

Shalmali Patkar, Dafe Uwanogho, Michel Modo, Rothwelle J. Tate, Robin Plevin, Hilary V. O. Carswell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)
27 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Dax-1 (dosage-sensitive sex reversal adrenal hypoplasia congenital region on X-chromosome gene 1) blocks 17β-estradiol biosynthesis and its knockdown would be expected to increase 17β-estradiol production. We hypothesized that knockdown of Dax-1 in a conditionally immortalized neural stem cell (NSC) line, MHP36, is a useful approach to increase 17β-estradiol production. Short hairpin (sh) RNA targeted to Dax-1 in NSCs, namely MHP36-Dax1KD cells, resulted in the degradation of Dax-1 RNA and attenuation of Dax-1 protein expression. In vitro, MHP36-Dax1KD cells exhibited overexpression of aromatase and increased 17β-estradiol secretion compared to MHP36 cells. As 17β-estradiol has been shown to promote the efficacy of cell therapy, we interrogated the application of 17β-estradiol-enriched NSCs in a relevant in vivo disease model. We hypothesized that MHP36-Dax1KD cells will enhance functional recovery after transplantation in a stroke model. C57BL/6 male adult mice underwent ischemia/reperfusion by left middle cerebral artery occlusion for 45 min using an intraluminal thread. Two days later male mice randomly received vehicle, MHP36 cells, MHP36-Dax1KD cells, and MHP36 cells suspended in 17β-estradiol (100 nm) or 17β-estradiol alone (100 nm) with serial behavioral testing over 28 days followed by post-mortem histology and blinded analysis. Recovery of sensorimotor function was accelerated and enhanced, and lesion volume was reduced by MHP36-Dax1KD transplants. Regarding mechanisms, immunofluorescence indicated increased synaptic plasticity and neuronal differentiation after MHP36-Dax1KD transplants. In conclusion, knockdown of Dax-1 is a useful target to increase 17β-estradiol biosynthesis in NSCs and improves functional recovery after stroke in vivo, possibly mediated through neuroprotection and improved synaptic plasticity. Therefore, targeting 17β-estradiol biosynthesis in stem cells may be a promising therapeutic strategy for enhancing the efficacy of stem cell-based therapies for stroke.

Original languageEnglish
Article number917181
Number of pages15
JournalFrontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
Volume16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 Jul 2022

Keywords

  • cerebral ischemia
  • estrogen
  • steroidogenesis
  • cell therapy
  • transplantation
  • neuroprotection
  • brain repair

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