Tailoring the surface of perovskite through in situ growth of Ru/RuO2 nanoparticles as robust symmetrical electrodes for reversible solid oxide cells

Junkai Wang, Jun Zhou, Jiaming Yang, Dragos Neagu, Lei Fu, Zhongjie Lian, Tae Ho Shin, Kai Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Although numerous perovskite oxides can enhance the electrochemical activity via exsolved metallic nanoparticles on the surface, most of them can only be applied as catalysts in a reducing atmosphere. These nanoparticles cause serious performance degradation in oxidizing conditions due to the formation of low-conductive metal oxides. This poses a big challenge to the design of highly active catalysts of electrochemical devices, especially for symmetrical solid oxide cells. Herein, based on the strategy of exsolved metallic nanoparticles in A-site deficient perovskite, a unique and simple method is demonstrated for the synthesis of Ru/RuO2 nanoparticles on the surface of perovskite oxide via in situ growth. The electrode material (La0.75Sr0.25)0.9Cr0.5Mn0.45Ru0.05O3−δ (LSCMR) is designed through careful choice of composition and the core idea is to make use of the exsolved nanoparticles concept applied for the first time at both hydrogen electrode and oxygen electrode for symmetrical solid oxide cells. Inspired by exsolved Ru and RuO2, the surface-decorated LSCMR exhibits significantly enhanced electrochemical activity for both H2 and O2, respectively, accompanied by high redox long-term stability. Moreover, simple, low-cost, and environmental-friendly synthesis of Ru/RuO2 nanoparticles on the substrate of typical perovskites is realized with this in situ growth approach.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAdvanced Materials Interfaces
Early online date13 Sep 2020
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 13 Sep 2020

Keywords

  • core–shell particles
  • electrochemical activity
  • exsolution
  • perovskite oxides
  • reversible solid oxide cells

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