T cell hypo-responsiveness against Leishmania major in MAP kinase phosphatase (MKP) 2 deficient C57BL/6 mice does not alter the healer disease phenotype

Juliane Schroeder, H Adrienne McGachy, Stuart Woods, Robin Plevin, James Alexander

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5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We have recently demonstrated that MAP kinase phosphatase 2 (MKP-2) deficient C57BL/6 mice, unlike their wild-type counterparts, are unable to control infection with the protozoan parasite Leishmania mexicana. Increased susceptibility was associated with elevated Arginase-1 levels and reduced iNOS activity in macrophages as well as a diminished T(H)1 response. By contrast, in the present study footpad infection of MKP-2(-/-) mice with L. major resulted in a healing response as measured by lesion size and parasite numbers similar to infected MKP-2(+/+) mice. Analysis of immune responses following infection demonstrated a reduced T(H)1 response in MKP-2(-/-) mice with lower parasite specific serum IgG2b levels, a lower frequency of IFN-γ and TNF-α producing CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells and lower antigen stimulated spleen cell IFN-γ production than their wild-type counterparts. However, infected MKP-2(-/-) mice also had similarly reduced levels of antigen induced spleen and lymph node cell IL-4 production compared with MKP-2(+/+) mice as well as reduced levels of parasite-specific IgG1 in the serum, indicating a general T cell hypo-responsiveness. Consequently the overall T(H)1/T(H)2 balance was unaltered in MKP-2(-/-) compared with wild-type mice. Although non-stimulated MKP-2(-/-) macrophages were more permissive to L. major growth than macrophages from MKP-2(+/+) mice, reflecting their reduced iNOS and increased Arginase-1 expression, LPS/IFN-γ activation was equally effective at controlling parasite growth in MKP-2(-/-) and MKP-2(+/+) macrophages. Consequently, in the absence of any switch in the T(H)1/T(H)2 balance in MKP-2(-/-) mice, no significant change in disease phenotype was observed.
LanguageEnglish
Article numbere2064
Number of pages11
JournalPLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Volume7
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Feb 2013

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Leishmania major
Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 1
Inbred C57BL Mouse
Phosphoric Monoester Hydrolases
T-Lymphocytes
Phenotype
Parasites
Macrophages
Arginase
Spleen
MAP Kinase Kinase 2
Leishmania mexicana
Protozoan Infections
Antigens
Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase Kinases
Infection Control
Growth
Infection
Serum
Interleukin-4

Keywords

  • MAP kinase phosphatase 2 (MKP-2)
  • Leishmania major
  • T cell hypo-responsiveness

Cite this

@article{ba8d08b0cf154ed0b29988c283cf39e2,
title = "T cell hypo-responsiveness against Leishmania major in MAP kinase phosphatase (MKP) 2 deficient C57BL/6 mice does not alter the healer disease phenotype",
abstract = "We have recently demonstrated that MAP kinase phosphatase 2 (MKP-2) deficient C57BL/6 mice, unlike their wild-type counterparts, are unable to control infection with the protozoan parasite Leishmania mexicana. Increased susceptibility was associated with elevated Arginase-1 levels and reduced iNOS activity in macrophages as well as a diminished T(H)1 response. By contrast, in the present study footpad infection of MKP-2(-/-) mice with L. major resulted in a healing response as measured by lesion size and parasite numbers similar to infected MKP-2(+/+) mice. Analysis of immune responses following infection demonstrated a reduced T(H)1 response in MKP-2(-/-) mice with lower parasite specific serum IgG2b levels, a lower frequency of IFN-γ and TNF-α producing CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells and lower antigen stimulated spleen cell IFN-γ production than their wild-type counterparts. However, infected MKP-2(-/-) mice also had similarly reduced levels of antigen induced spleen and lymph node cell IL-4 production compared with MKP-2(+/+) mice as well as reduced levels of parasite-specific IgG1 in the serum, indicating a general T cell hypo-responsiveness. Consequently the overall T(H)1/T(H)2 balance was unaltered in MKP-2(-/-) compared with wild-type mice. Although non-stimulated MKP-2(-/-) macrophages were more permissive to L. major growth than macrophages from MKP-2(+/+) mice, reflecting their reduced iNOS and increased Arginase-1 expression, LPS/IFN-γ activation was equally effective at controlling parasite growth in MKP-2(-/-) and MKP-2(+/+) macrophages. Consequently, in the absence of any switch in the T(H)1/T(H)2 balance in MKP-2(-/-) mice, no significant change in disease phenotype was observed.",
keywords = "MAP kinase phosphatase 2 (MKP-2) , Leishmania major, T cell hypo-responsiveness",
author = "Juliane Schroeder and McGachy, {H Adrienne} and Stuart Woods and Robin Plevin and James Alexander",
year = "2013",
month = "2",
day = "21",
doi = "10.1371/journal.pntd.0002064",
language = "English",
volume = "7",
journal = "PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases",
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T1 - T cell hypo-responsiveness against Leishmania major in MAP kinase phosphatase (MKP) 2 deficient C57BL/6 mice does not alter the healer disease phenotype

AU - Schroeder, Juliane

AU - McGachy, H Adrienne

AU - Woods, Stuart

AU - Plevin, Robin

AU - Alexander, James

PY - 2013/2/21

Y1 - 2013/2/21

N2 - We have recently demonstrated that MAP kinase phosphatase 2 (MKP-2) deficient C57BL/6 mice, unlike their wild-type counterparts, are unable to control infection with the protozoan parasite Leishmania mexicana. Increased susceptibility was associated with elevated Arginase-1 levels and reduced iNOS activity in macrophages as well as a diminished T(H)1 response. By contrast, in the present study footpad infection of MKP-2(-/-) mice with L. major resulted in a healing response as measured by lesion size and parasite numbers similar to infected MKP-2(+/+) mice. Analysis of immune responses following infection demonstrated a reduced T(H)1 response in MKP-2(-/-) mice with lower parasite specific serum IgG2b levels, a lower frequency of IFN-γ and TNF-α producing CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells and lower antigen stimulated spleen cell IFN-γ production than their wild-type counterparts. However, infected MKP-2(-/-) mice also had similarly reduced levels of antigen induced spleen and lymph node cell IL-4 production compared with MKP-2(+/+) mice as well as reduced levels of parasite-specific IgG1 in the serum, indicating a general T cell hypo-responsiveness. Consequently the overall T(H)1/T(H)2 balance was unaltered in MKP-2(-/-) compared with wild-type mice. Although non-stimulated MKP-2(-/-) macrophages were more permissive to L. major growth than macrophages from MKP-2(+/+) mice, reflecting their reduced iNOS and increased Arginase-1 expression, LPS/IFN-γ activation was equally effective at controlling parasite growth in MKP-2(-/-) and MKP-2(+/+) macrophages. Consequently, in the absence of any switch in the T(H)1/T(H)2 balance in MKP-2(-/-) mice, no significant change in disease phenotype was observed.

AB - We have recently demonstrated that MAP kinase phosphatase 2 (MKP-2) deficient C57BL/6 mice, unlike their wild-type counterparts, are unable to control infection with the protozoan parasite Leishmania mexicana. Increased susceptibility was associated with elevated Arginase-1 levels and reduced iNOS activity in macrophages as well as a diminished T(H)1 response. By contrast, in the present study footpad infection of MKP-2(-/-) mice with L. major resulted in a healing response as measured by lesion size and parasite numbers similar to infected MKP-2(+/+) mice. Analysis of immune responses following infection demonstrated a reduced T(H)1 response in MKP-2(-/-) mice with lower parasite specific serum IgG2b levels, a lower frequency of IFN-γ and TNF-α producing CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells and lower antigen stimulated spleen cell IFN-γ production than their wild-type counterparts. However, infected MKP-2(-/-) mice also had similarly reduced levels of antigen induced spleen and lymph node cell IL-4 production compared with MKP-2(+/+) mice as well as reduced levels of parasite-specific IgG1 in the serum, indicating a general T cell hypo-responsiveness. Consequently the overall T(H)1/T(H)2 balance was unaltered in MKP-2(-/-) compared with wild-type mice. Although non-stimulated MKP-2(-/-) macrophages were more permissive to L. major growth than macrophages from MKP-2(+/+) mice, reflecting their reduced iNOS and increased Arginase-1 expression, LPS/IFN-γ activation was equally effective at controlling parasite growth in MKP-2(-/-) and MKP-2(+/+) macrophages. Consequently, in the absence of any switch in the T(H)1/T(H)2 balance in MKP-2(-/-) mice, no significant change in disease phenotype was observed.

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