In this paper, the technical and economic feasibility of integrating SWTs (Small Wind Turbines) into remote oil production sites are investigated. Compared to large turbines in onshore and offshore wind farms, SWTs are more suitable for individual power generations. A comprehensive approach based on wind energy assessment, wind power prediction, and economic analysis is then recommended, to evaluate how, where, and when small wind production recovery is achievable in oilfields. Firstly, wind resource in oilfields is critically assessed based on recorded meteorological data. Then, the wind power potential is numerically tested using specified wind turbines with density-corrected power curves. Later, estimations of annual costs and energy-saving are carried out before and after the installation of SWT via the LCOE (Levelized Cost of Electricity) and the EROI (Energy Return on Investment). The proposed methodology was tested against the Daqing oilfield, which is the largest onshore oilfield in China. The results suggested that over 80% of the original annual costs in oil production could be saved through the integrations between wind energy and oil production.
- small wind turbines
- wind resource assessment
Lin, Z., Liu, X., & Feng, Z. (2020). Systematic investigation of integrating small wind turbines into power supply for hydrocarbon production. Energies, 13(12), . https://doi.org/10.3390/en13123243