Synthetic and reactivity studies of hetero-tri-anionic sodium zincates

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Abstract

The synthesis and characterisation of several sodium zincate complexes is reported. The all-alkyl monomeric sodium zincate (PMEDTA)·Na(μ-CH2SiMe3)ZntBu2 2, is prepared by combining an equimolar quantity of tBu2Zn, nBuNa and PMDETA (N,N,N′,N′′,N′′-pentamethyldiethylenetriamine)]. A similar approach was used to prepare and isolate the unusual dimeric zincate [(PMEDTA)·Na(μ-nBu)ZntBu2]2 3. When an equimolar mixture of nBuNa, tBu2Zn and TMP(H) (2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine) are combined in hexane, the hetero-tri-leptic TMP(H)-solvated zincate (TMPH)Na(μ-TMP)(μ-nBu)ZntBu 4 was forthcoming. Complex 4 can also be prepared using a rational approach [i.e., utilising two molar equivalents of TMP(H)]. When TMEDA is reacted with an equimolar mixture of nBuNa, tBu2Zn and TMP(H), the monomeric sodium zincate (TMEDA)Na(μ-TMP)(μ-nBu)ZntBu 5 was obtained – this complex is structurally similar to the synthetically useful relation TMEDA)·Na(μ-TMP)(μ-tBu)Zn(tBu) 1. By changing the sodium reagent used in the synthesis of 5, it was possible to prepare (TMEDA)Na(μ-TMP)(μ-Me3SiCH2)ZntBu 6. By reacting 5 with cis-DMP(H) (cis-2,6-dimethylpiperidine), the zincate could thermodynamically function as a amide base, to give the transamination product (TMEDA)Na(μ-cis-DMP)(μ-nBu)ZntBu 7, although no crystals could be grown. However, when HMDS(H) (1,1,1,3,3,3-hexamethyldisilazane) or PEA(H) [(+)-bis[(R)-1-phenylethyl]amine] is reacted with 5, crystalline (TMEDA)Na(μ-HMDS)(μ-nBu)ZntBu 8 or (TMEDA)Na(μ-PEA)(μ-nBu)ZntBu 9 are isolated respectively. With PNA(H) (N-phenylnaphthalen-1-amine) the reaction took a different course and resulted in the formation of the dimeric sodium amide complex [(TMEDA)Na(PNA)]2 10. When reacted with benzene, it appears that a TMEDA-free variant of 5 functions thermodyanically as an nBu base to yield the previously reported (TMEDA)Na(μ-TMP)(tBu)Zn(μ-C6H4)Zn(tBu)(μ-TMP)Na(TMEDA) 11. Finally when reacted with TEMPO (2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidinyloxy), 5 undergoes a single electron transfer reaction to form (TMEDA)Na(μ-TMP)(μ-TEMPO)ZnnBu 12.
LanguageEnglish
Pages6222-6233
Number of pages12
JournalDalton Transactions
Volume45
Issue number14
Early online date2 Dec 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 14 Apr 2016

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Thymidine Monophosphate
Sodium
Amides
Amines
phenyllithium
Hexanes
Benzene

Keywords

  • synthesis
  • characterisation
  • sodium zincate
  • reactivity studies

Cite this

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title = "Synthetic and reactivity studies of hetero-tri-anionic sodium zincates",
abstract = "The synthesis and characterisation of several sodium zincate complexes is reported. The all-alkyl monomeric sodium zincate (PMEDTA)·Na(μ-CH2SiMe3)ZntBu2 2, is prepared by combining an equimolar quantity of tBu2Zn, nBuNa and PMDETA (N,N,N′,N′′,N′′-pentamethyldiethylenetriamine)]. A similar approach was used to prepare and isolate the unusual dimeric zincate [(PMEDTA)·Na(μ-nBu)ZntBu2]2 3. When an equimolar mixture of nBuNa, tBu2Zn and TMP(H) (2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine) are combined in hexane, the hetero-tri-leptic TMP(H)-solvated zincate (TMPH)Na(μ-TMP)(μ-nBu)ZntBu 4 was forthcoming. Complex 4 can also be prepared using a rational approach [i.e., utilising two molar equivalents of TMP(H)]. When TMEDA is reacted with an equimolar mixture of nBuNa, tBu2Zn and TMP(H), the monomeric sodium zincate (TMEDA)Na(μ-TMP)(μ-nBu)ZntBu 5 was obtained – this complex is structurally similar to the synthetically useful relation TMEDA)·Na(μ-TMP)(μ-tBu)Zn(tBu) 1. By changing the sodium reagent used in the synthesis of 5, it was possible to prepare (TMEDA)Na(μ-TMP)(μ-Me3SiCH2)ZntBu 6. By reacting 5 with cis-DMP(H) (cis-2,6-dimethylpiperidine), the zincate could thermodynamically function as a amide base, to give the transamination product (TMEDA)Na(μ-cis-DMP)(μ-nBu)ZntBu 7, although no crystals could be grown. However, when HMDS(H) (1,1,1,3,3,3-hexamethyldisilazane) or PEA(H) [(+)-bis[(R)-1-phenylethyl]amine] is reacted with 5, crystalline (TMEDA)Na(μ-HMDS)(μ-nBu)ZntBu 8 or (TMEDA)Na(μ-PEA)(μ-nBu)ZntBu 9 are isolated respectively. With PNA(H) (N-phenylnaphthalen-1-amine) the reaction took a different course and resulted in the formation of the dimeric sodium amide complex [(TMEDA)Na(PNA)]2 10. When reacted with benzene, it appears that a TMEDA-free variant of 5 functions thermodyanically as an nBu base to yield the previously reported (TMEDA)Na(μ-TMP)(tBu)Zn(μ-C6H4)Zn(tBu)(μ-TMP)Na(TMEDA) 11. Finally when reacted with TEMPO (2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidinyloxy), 5 undergoes a single electron transfer reaction to form (TMEDA)Na(μ-TMP)(μ-TEMPO)ZnnBu 12.",
keywords = "synthesis, characterisation, sodium zincate, reactivity studies",
author = "Javier Francos and Kennedy, {Alan R.} and O'Hara, {Charles T.}",
year = "2016",
month = "4",
day = "14",
doi = "10.1039/C5DT04329H",
language = "English",
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pages = "6222--6233",
journal = "Dalton Transactions",
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}

Synthetic and reactivity studies of hetero-tri-anionic sodium zincates. / Francos, Javier; Kennedy, Alan R.; O'Hara, Charles T.

In: Dalton Transactions, Vol. 45, No. 14, 14.04.2016, p. 6222-6233.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Synthetic and reactivity studies of hetero-tri-anionic sodium zincates

AU - Francos, Javier

AU - Kennedy, Alan R.

AU - O'Hara, Charles T.

PY - 2016/4/14

Y1 - 2016/4/14

N2 - The synthesis and characterisation of several sodium zincate complexes is reported. The all-alkyl monomeric sodium zincate (PMEDTA)·Na(μ-CH2SiMe3)ZntBu2 2, is prepared by combining an equimolar quantity of tBu2Zn, nBuNa and PMDETA (N,N,N′,N′′,N′′-pentamethyldiethylenetriamine)]. A similar approach was used to prepare and isolate the unusual dimeric zincate [(PMEDTA)·Na(μ-nBu)ZntBu2]2 3. When an equimolar mixture of nBuNa, tBu2Zn and TMP(H) (2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine) are combined in hexane, the hetero-tri-leptic TMP(H)-solvated zincate (TMPH)Na(μ-TMP)(μ-nBu)ZntBu 4 was forthcoming. Complex 4 can also be prepared using a rational approach [i.e., utilising two molar equivalents of TMP(H)]. When TMEDA is reacted with an equimolar mixture of nBuNa, tBu2Zn and TMP(H), the monomeric sodium zincate (TMEDA)Na(μ-TMP)(μ-nBu)ZntBu 5 was obtained – this complex is structurally similar to the synthetically useful relation TMEDA)·Na(μ-TMP)(μ-tBu)Zn(tBu) 1. By changing the sodium reagent used in the synthesis of 5, it was possible to prepare (TMEDA)Na(μ-TMP)(μ-Me3SiCH2)ZntBu 6. By reacting 5 with cis-DMP(H) (cis-2,6-dimethylpiperidine), the zincate could thermodynamically function as a amide base, to give the transamination product (TMEDA)Na(μ-cis-DMP)(μ-nBu)ZntBu 7, although no crystals could be grown. However, when HMDS(H) (1,1,1,3,3,3-hexamethyldisilazane) or PEA(H) [(+)-bis[(R)-1-phenylethyl]amine] is reacted with 5, crystalline (TMEDA)Na(μ-HMDS)(μ-nBu)ZntBu 8 or (TMEDA)Na(μ-PEA)(μ-nBu)ZntBu 9 are isolated respectively. With PNA(H) (N-phenylnaphthalen-1-amine) the reaction took a different course and resulted in the formation of the dimeric sodium amide complex [(TMEDA)Na(PNA)]2 10. When reacted with benzene, it appears that a TMEDA-free variant of 5 functions thermodyanically as an nBu base to yield the previously reported (TMEDA)Na(μ-TMP)(tBu)Zn(μ-C6H4)Zn(tBu)(μ-TMP)Na(TMEDA) 11. Finally when reacted with TEMPO (2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidinyloxy), 5 undergoes a single electron transfer reaction to form (TMEDA)Na(μ-TMP)(μ-TEMPO)ZnnBu 12.

AB - The synthesis and characterisation of several sodium zincate complexes is reported. The all-alkyl monomeric sodium zincate (PMEDTA)·Na(μ-CH2SiMe3)ZntBu2 2, is prepared by combining an equimolar quantity of tBu2Zn, nBuNa and PMDETA (N,N,N′,N′′,N′′-pentamethyldiethylenetriamine)]. A similar approach was used to prepare and isolate the unusual dimeric zincate [(PMEDTA)·Na(μ-nBu)ZntBu2]2 3. When an equimolar mixture of nBuNa, tBu2Zn and TMP(H) (2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine) are combined in hexane, the hetero-tri-leptic TMP(H)-solvated zincate (TMPH)Na(μ-TMP)(μ-nBu)ZntBu 4 was forthcoming. Complex 4 can also be prepared using a rational approach [i.e., utilising two molar equivalents of TMP(H)]. When TMEDA is reacted with an equimolar mixture of nBuNa, tBu2Zn and TMP(H), the monomeric sodium zincate (TMEDA)Na(μ-TMP)(μ-nBu)ZntBu 5 was obtained – this complex is structurally similar to the synthetically useful relation TMEDA)·Na(μ-TMP)(μ-tBu)Zn(tBu) 1. By changing the sodium reagent used in the synthesis of 5, it was possible to prepare (TMEDA)Na(μ-TMP)(μ-Me3SiCH2)ZntBu 6. By reacting 5 with cis-DMP(H) (cis-2,6-dimethylpiperidine), the zincate could thermodynamically function as a amide base, to give the transamination product (TMEDA)Na(μ-cis-DMP)(μ-nBu)ZntBu 7, although no crystals could be grown. However, when HMDS(H) (1,1,1,3,3,3-hexamethyldisilazane) or PEA(H) [(+)-bis[(R)-1-phenylethyl]amine] is reacted with 5, crystalline (TMEDA)Na(μ-HMDS)(μ-nBu)ZntBu 8 or (TMEDA)Na(μ-PEA)(μ-nBu)ZntBu 9 are isolated respectively. With PNA(H) (N-phenylnaphthalen-1-amine) the reaction took a different course and resulted in the formation of the dimeric sodium amide complex [(TMEDA)Na(PNA)]2 10. When reacted with benzene, it appears that a TMEDA-free variant of 5 functions thermodyanically as an nBu base to yield the previously reported (TMEDA)Na(μ-TMP)(tBu)Zn(μ-C6H4)Zn(tBu)(μ-TMP)Na(TMEDA) 11. Finally when reacted with TEMPO (2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidinyloxy), 5 undergoes a single electron transfer reaction to form (TMEDA)Na(μ-TMP)(μ-TEMPO)ZnnBu 12.

KW - synthesis

KW - characterisation

KW - sodium zincate

KW - reactivity studies

UR - http://pubs.rsc.org/en/journals/journalissues/dt

U2 - 10.1039/C5DT04329H

DO - 10.1039/C5DT04329H

M3 - Article

VL - 45

SP - 6222

EP - 6233

JO - Dalton Transactions

T2 - Dalton Transactions

JF - Dalton Transactions

SN - 1477-9226

IS - 14

ER -