Synergies of electric urban transport systems and distributed energy resources in smart cities

Christian F. Calvillo, Álvaro Sánchez-Miralles, José Villar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Citations (Scopus)
21 Downloads (Pure)


Transport systems and buildings are among the bigger energy users inside cities. Abundant research has been developed about these systems (facilities and transport). However, synergies among them are commonly overlooked, not taking advantage of the possible benefits of their joint coordination and management. This paper presents a linear programming model to find the optimal operation and planning of distributed energy resources (DER) in a residential district, while considering electric private and public transport systems, in particular electric vehicles and metro. Hence, the main contribution of this paper is the analysis of synergies of such an interconnected scheme. It has been assumed that part of the metro regenerative braking energy can be stored into electric vehicles' (EVs') batteries, so that it can be used later for other trains or for the EV itself. Several case studies have been proposed using data from a residential district and a metro line in Madrid. The obtained results show important cost savings in the overall system, especially a significant power cost reduction for the metro system.
Original languageEnglish
Article number2445
Number of pages9
JournalIEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems
Issue number8
Early online date3 Oct 2017
Publication statusPublished - 31 Aug 2018


  • smart cities
  • distributed energy systems
  • energy system modelling
  • demand response
  • electric vehicle
  • energy management
  • public transport systems
  • smart city


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