Surface roughness 3D modelling and its association with leak tightness for a metal-to-metal contacting surface

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution book

Abstract

This paper presents an overview of a numerical method developed to allow one-way structure-fluid interaction of a scanned representative surface of a Pressure Relief Valve (PRV) measuring 100 um by 100 um to be incorporated into a coupled finite element and computational fluid dynamics model to investigate gas leak rates through micro-gaps in full size metal-to-metal contacting components. The virtual representative surface is created via a real scan using a 3D micro coordinate and surface roughness measurement system. The scan of the physical surface is converted to a CAD format and a finite element model generated which is deformed for a given loading condition. The micro-gaps of the deformed FEA model are extracted and imported into the CFD solver to find the resulting volumetric/mass flow rate for the same set of pressure conditions. This coupled approach allows the leakage rate to be found based on only the surface roughness of metal-to-metal sealing surfaces. This methodology can now be expanded to understand the behaviour and response of metal-to-metal deformable contacting surface components under pressure. Thereafter, the design objective is to minimise or eliminate component leakage.
LanguageEnglish
Title of host publicationASME 2017 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference
Subtitle of host publicationVolume 4: Fluid-Structure Interaction
Place of PublicationNew York
Number of pages7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 17 Jul 2017
EventProceedings of the ASME 2017 Pressure Vessels & Piping Conference - Hawaii, United States
Duration: 16 Jul 201720 Jul 2017

Conference

ConferenceProceedings of the ASME 2017 Pressure Vessels & Piping Conference
Abbreviated titlePVP2017
CountryUnited States
CityHawaii
Period16/07/1720/07/17

Fingerprint

Surface roughness
Metals
Computational fluid dynamics
Roughness measurement
Pressure relief valves
Fluid structure interaction
Surface measurement
Dynamic models
Numerical methods
Computer aided design
Flow rate
Finite element method
Gases

Keywords

  • surface roughness
  • 3D modelling
  • leak tightness
  • contacting surface

Cite this

@inproceedings{6d8a6fecda3f4c9b94ffd6b0ec0db395,
title = "Surface roughness 3D modelling and its association with leak tightness for a metal-to-metal contacting surface",
abstract = "This paper presents an overview of a numerical method developed to allow one-way structure-fluid interaction of a scanned representative surface of a Pressure Relief Valve (PRV) measuring 100 um by 100 um to be incorporated into a coupled finite element and computational fluid dynamics model to investigate gas leak rates through micro-gaps in full size metal-to-metal contacting components. The virtual representative surface is created via a real scan using a 3D micro coordinate and surface roughness measurement system. The scan of the physical surface is converted to a CAD format and a finite element model generated which is deformed for a given loading condition. The micro-gaps of the deformed FEA model are extracted and imported into the CFD solver to find the resulting volumetric/mass flow rate for the same set of pressure conditions. This coupled approach allows the leakage rate to be found based on only the surface roughness of metal-to-metal sealing surfaces. This methodology can now be expanded to understand the behaviour and response of metal-to-metal deformable contacting surface components under pressure. Thereafter, the design objective is to minimise or eliminate component leakage.",
keywords = "surface roughness, 3D modelling, leak tightness, contacting surface",
author = "Anwar, {Ali A.} and William Dempster and Yevgen Gorash and David Nash",
note = "Nominated for best conference paper.",
year = "2017",
month = "7",
day = "17",
doi = "10.1115/PVP2017-65404",
language = "English",
isbn = "978-0-7918-5797-7",
booktitle = "ASME 2017 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference",

}

Anwar, AA, Dempster, W (ed.), Gorash, Y (ed.) & Nash, D (ed.) 2017, Surface roughness 3D modelling and its association with leak tightness for a metal-to-metal contacting surface. in ASME 2017 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference: Volume 4: Fluid-Structure Interaction., PVP2017-65404, New York, Proceedings of the ASME 2017 Pressure Vessels & Piping Conference , Hawaii, United States, 16/07/17. https://doi.org/10.1115/PVP2017-65404

Surface roughness 3D modelling and its association with leak tightness for a metal-to-metal contacting surface. / Anwar, Ali A.; Dempster, William (Editor); Gorash, Yevgen (Editor); Nash, David (Editor).

ASME 2017 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference: Volume 4: Fluid-Structure Interaction. New York, 2017. PVP2017-65404.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution book

TY - GEN

T1 - Surface roughness 3D modelling and its association with leak tightness for a metal-to-metal contacting surface

AU - Anwar, Ali A.

A2 - Dempster, William

A2 - Gorash, Yevgen

A2 - Nash, David

N1 - Nominated for best conference paper.

PY - 2017/7/17

Y1 - 2017/7/17

N2 - This paper presents an overview of a numerical method developed to allow one-way structure-fluid interaction of a scanned representative surface of a Pressure Relief Valve (PRV) measuring 100 um by 100 um to be incorporated into a coupled finite element and computational fluid dynamics model to investigate gas leak rates through micro-gaps in full size metal-to-metal contacting components. The virtual representative surface is created via a real scan using a 3D micro coordinate and surface roughness measurement system. The scan of the physical surface is converted to a CAD format and a finite element model generated which is deformed for a given loading condition. The micro-gaps of the deformed FEA model are extracted and imported into the CFD solver to find the resulting volumetric/mass flow rate for the same set of pressure conditions. This coupled approach allows the leakage rate to be found based on only the surface roughness of metal-to-metal sealing surfaces. This methodology can now be expanded to understand the behaviour and response of metal-to-metal deformable contacting surface components under pressure. Thereafter, the design objective is to minimise or eliminate component leakage.

AB - This paper presents an overview of a numerical method developed to allow one-way structure-fluid interaction of a scanned representative surface of a Pressure Relief Valve (PRV) measuring 100 um by 100 um to be incorporated into a coupled finite element and computational fluid dynamics model to investigate gas leak rates through micro-gaps in full size metal-to-metal contacting components. The virtual representative surface is created via a real scan using a 3D micro coordinate and surface roughness measurement system. The scan of the physical surface is converted to a CAD format and a finite element model generated which is deformed for a given loading condition. The micro-gaps of the deformed FEA model are extracted and imported into the CFD solver to find the resulting volumetric/mass flow rate for the same set of pressure conditions. This coupled approach allows the leakage rate to be found based on only the surface roughness of metal-to-metal sealing surfaces. This methodology can now be expanded to understand the behaviour and response of metal-to-metal deformable contacting surface components under pressure. Thereafter, the design objective is to minimise or eliminate component leakage.

KW - surface roughness

KW - 3D modelling

KW - leak tightness

KW - contacting surface

UR - https://www.asme.org/events/pvp

U2 - 10.1115/PVP2017-65404

DO - 10.1115/PVP2017-65404

M3 - Conference contribution book

SN - 978-0-7918-5797-7

BT - ASME 2017 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference

CY - New York

ER -