Surface conductivity measurements on large polymer samples

M.J. Given, R.A. Fouracre, I. Timoshkin, S.J. MacGregor, J. Lehr

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Abstract

A system has been developed by the authors to attempt to measure the surface conductivity of a large high voltage gas-filled switch housing. The housing is a hollow cylinder with an internal diameter of 300 mm and has a wall thickness of 25 mm. Unlike the situation with thin films where it is possible to perform meaningful surface conductivity measurements by creating a well defined field parallel to the surface of the material, there is a problem when dealing with bulk samples in separating the current component that results from conductivity in the bulk of the specimen from the surface component which is of interest. In addition there are concerns associated with currents arising from transient volume polarisation effects close to the current sensing electrode. A custom designed measurement system was therefore developed and this paper reports on the results obtained using this system. The observed behaviour is complex with current transients observed that showed a double relaxation process, followed by an increase in the measured current, suggesting the development of a space charge within the sample arising either from a polarisation process or from the injection of space charge into the bulk or onto the surface of the sample. The implications of these processes on the measurement of surface conductivity in measurement systems for bulk samples are discussed.

Conference

ConferenceIEEE Conference on Electrical Insulation and Dielectric Phenomena, 2009
CountryUnited States
CityVirginia Beach
Period18/10/0921/10/09

Fingerprint

conductivity
polymers
space charge
polarization
high voltages
hollow
switches
injection
electrodes
thin films
gases

Keywords

  • gas insulated substations
  • polymerisation
  • power system transients
  • space charge
  • surface conductivity
  • conductivity measurement
  • performance evalutation
  • polymer films

Cite this

Given, M. J., Fouracre, R. A., Timoshkin, I., MacGregor, S. J., & Lehr, J. (2009). Surface conductivity measurements on large polymer samples. 286-289. Paper presented at IEEE Conference on Electrical Insulation and Dielectric Phenomena, 2009, Virginia Beach, United States. https://doi.org/10.1109/CEIDP.2009.5377849
Given, M.J. ; Fouracre, R.A. ; Timoshkin, I. ; MacGregor, S.J. ; Lehr, J. / Surface conductivity measurements on large polymer samples. Paper presented at IEEE Conference on Electrical Insulation and Dielectric Phenomena, 2009, Virginia Beach, United States.4 p.
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keywords = "gas insulated substations, polymerisation, power system transients, space charge, surface conductivity, conductivity measurement, performance evalutation, polymer films",
author = "M.J. Given and R.A. Fouracre and I. Timoshkin and S.J. MacGregor and J. Lehr",
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pages = "286--289",
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Given, MJ, Fouracre, RA, Timoshkin, I, MacGregor, SJ & Lehr, J 2009, 'Surface conductivity measurements on large polymer samples' Paper presented at IEEE Conference on Electrical Insulation and Dielectric Phenomena, 2009, Virginia Beach, United States, 18/10/09 - 21/10/09, pp. 286-289. https://doi.org/10.1109/CEIDP.2009.5377849

Surface conductivity measurements on large polymer samples. / Given, M.J.; Fouracre, R.A.; Timoshkin, I.; MacGregor, S.J.; Lehr, J.

2009. 286-289 Paper presented at IEEE Conference on Electrical Insulation and Dielectric Phenomena, 2009, Virginia Beach, United States.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

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T1 - Surface conductivity measurements on large polymer samples

AU - Given, M.J.

AU - Fouracre, R.A.

AU - Timoshkin, I.

AU - MacGregor, S.J.

AU - Lehr, J.

PY - 2009/10

Y1 - 2009/10

N2 - A system has been developed by the authors to attempt to measure the surface conductivity of a large high voltage gas-filled switch housing. The housing is a hollow cylinder with an internal diameter of 300 mm and has a wall thickness of 25 mm. Unlike the situation with thin films where it is possible to perform meaningful surface conductivity measurements by creating a well defined field parallel to the surface of the material, there is a problem when dealing with bulk samples in separating the current component that results from conductivity in the bulk of the specimen from the surface component which is of interest. In addition there are concerns associated with currents arising from transient volume polarisation effects close to the current sensing electrode. A custom designed measurement system was therefore developed and this paper reports on the results obtained using this system. The observed behaviour is complex with current transients observed that showed a double relaxation process, followed by an increase in the measured current, suggesting the development of a space charge within the sample arising either from a polarisation process or from the injection of space charge into the bulk or onto the surface of the sample. The implications of these processes on the measurement of surface conductivity in measurement systems for bulk samples are discussed.

AB - A system has been developed by the authors to attempt to measure the surface conductivity of a large high voltage gas-filled switch housing. The housing is a hollow cylinder with an internal diameter of 300 mm and has a wall thickness of 25 mm. Unlike the situation with thin films where it is possible to perform meaningful surface conductivity measurements by creating a well defined field parallel to the surface of the material, there is a problem when dealing with bulk samples in separating the current component that results from conductivity in the bulk of the specimen from the surface component which is of interest. In addition there are concerns associated with currents arising from transient volume polarisation effects close to the current sensing electrode. A custom designed measurement system was therefore developed and this paper reports on the results obtained using this system. The observed behaviour is complex with current transients observed that showed a double relaxation process, followed by an increase in the measured current, suggesting the development of a space charge within the sample arising either from a polarisation process or from the injection of space charge into the bulk or onto the surface of the sample. The implications of these processes on the measurement of surface conductivity in measurement systems for bulk samples are discussed.

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KW - power system transients

KW - space charge

KW - surface conductivity

KW - conductivity measurement

KW - performance evalutation

KW - polymer films

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Given MJ, Fouracre RA, Timoshkin I, MacGregor SJ, Lehr J. Surface conductivity measurements on large polymer samples. 2009. Paper presented at IEEE Conference on Electrical Insulation and Dielectric Phenomena, 2009, Virginia Beach, United States. https://doi.org/10.1109/CEIDP.2009.5377849