Superhydrophobic structures on 316L stainless steel surfaces machined by nanosecond pulsed laser

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Abstract

In this paper nanosecond laser machining process was developed to improve the hydrophobicity of AISI 316L stainless steel surface. A geometrical model of laser machined Gaussian micro hole, together with constrain conditions, was established for the first time to predict surface contact angle and optimize structure geometries for maximizing its hydrophobicity. The effects of processing laser power and pitch of microstructures on the topography of the machined surface were investigated through laser machining experiment. Subsequently, the water droplet contact angle was measured to evaluate the hydrophobicity of different specimens. Results show that under the laser power of 10 W and 14 W, with the increase of the pitch of microstructures, the contact angle increases until it reaches its peak value then drops gradually. Under the large pitch of microstructure, the contact angle will increase with the increase of the processing laser power. Under the same pitch of microstructure, the contact angle will increase with the increase of ten-point height of surface topography, Sz which is a better parameter than Sa (arithmetical mean height) to characterise hydrophobicity of surface with Gaussian holes. This study shows that large Sz is an essential condition to form the stable and robust Cassie–Baxter state, i.e. a condition to achieve superhydrophobicity. The comparison between the predicted and measured contact angles in experiments shows that the proposed model can accurately predict contact angle and optimize the geometries of the microstructure to achieve maximum hydrophobicity.
LanguageEnglish
Pages266-275
Number of pages10
JournalPrecision Engineering
Volume52
Early online date8 Jan 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Apr 2018

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Pulsed lasers
Contact angle
Stainless steel
Hydrophobicity
Lasers
Microstructure
Machining
Geometry
Surface topography
Processing
Topography
Experiments
Water

Keywords

  • superhydrophobic surface
  • 316L stainless steel
  • nano-second pulse laser
  • surface structuring

Cite this

@article{f681cec09b384492855846c6a27860d6,
title = "Superhydrophobic structures on 316L stainless steel surfaces machined by nanosecond pulsed laser",
abstract = "In this paper nanosecond laser machining process was developed to improve the hydrophobicity of AISI 316L stainless steel surface. A geometrical model of laser machined Gaussian micro hole, together with constrain conditions, was established for the first time to predict surface contact angle and optimize structure geometries for maximizing its hydrophobicity. The effects of processing laser power and pitch of microstructures on the topography of the machined surface were investigated through laser machining experiment. Subsequently, the water droplet contact angle was measured to evaluate the hydrophobicity of different specimens. Results show that under the laser power of 10 W and 14 W, with the increase of the pitch of microstructures, the contact angle increases until it reaches its peak value then drops gradually. Under the large pitch of microstructure, the contact angle will increase with the increase of the processing laser power. Under the same pitch of microstructure, the contact angle will increase with the increase of ten-point height of surface topography, Sz which is a better parameter than Sa (arithmetical mean height) to characterise hydrophobicity of surface with Gaussian holes. This study shows that large Sz is an essential condition to form the stable and robust Cassie–Baxter state, i.e. a condition to achieve superhydrophobicity. The comparison between the predicted and measured contact angles in experiments shows that the proposed model can accurately predict contact angle and optimize the geometries of the microstructure to achieve maximum hydrophobicity.",
keywords = "superhydrophobic surface, 316L stainless steel, nano-second pulse laser, surface structuring",
author = "Yukui Cai and Wenlong Chang and Xichun Luo and Sousa, {Ana M.L.} and Lau, {King Hang Aaron} and Yi Qin",
year = "2018",
month = "4",
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doi = "10.1016/j.precisioneng.2018.01.004",
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volume = "52",
pages = "266--275",
journal = "Precision Engineering",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Superhydrophobic structures on 316L stainless steel surfaces machined by nanosecond pulsed laser

AU - Cai, Yukui

AU - Chang, Wenlong

AU - Luo, Xichun

AU - Sousa, Ana M.L.

AU - Lau, King Hang Aaron

AU - Qin, Yi

PY - 2018/4/30

Y1 - 2018/4/30

N2 - In this paper nanosecond laser machining process was developed to improve the hydrophobicity of AISI 316L stainless steel surface. A geometrical model of laser machined Gaussian micro hole, together with constrain conditions, was established for the first time to predict surface contact angle and optimize structure geometries for maximizing its hydrophobicity. The effects of processing laser power and pitch of microstructures on the topography of the machined surface were investigated through laser machining experiment. Subsequently, the water droplet contact angle was measured to evaluate the hydrophobicity of different specimens. Results show that under the laser power of 10 W and 14 W, with the increase of the pitch of microstructures, the contact angle increases until it reaches its peak value then drops gradually. Under the large pitch of microstructure, the contact angle will increase with the increase of the processing laser power. Under the same pitch of microstructure, the contact angle will increase with the increase of ten-point height of surface topography, Sz which is a better parameter than Sa (arithmetical mean height) to characterise hydrophobicity of surface with Gaussian holes. This study shows that large Sz is an essential condition to form the stable and robust Cassie–Baxter state, i.e. a condition to achieve superhydrophobicity. The comparison between the predicted and measured contact angles in experiments shows that the proposed model can accurately predict contact angle and optimize the geometries of the microstructure to achieve maximum hydrophobicity.

AB - In this paper nanosecond laser machining process was developed to improve the hydrophobicity of AISI 316L stainless steel surface. A geometrical model of laser machined Gaussian micro hole, together with constrain conditions, was established for the first time to predict surface contact angle and optimize structure geometries for maximizing its hydrophobicity. The effects of processing laser power and pitch of microstructures on the topography of the machined surface were investigated through laser machining experiment. Subsequently, the water droplet contact angle was measured to evaluate the hydrophobicity of different specimens. Results show that under the laser power of 10 W and 14 W, with the increase of the pitch of microstructures, the contact angle increases until it reaches its peak value then drops gradually. Under the large pitch of microstructure, the contact angle will increase with the increase of the processing laser power. Under the same pitch of microstructure, the contact angle will increase with the increase of ten-point height of surface topography, Sz which is a better parameter than Sa (arithmetical mean height) to characterise hydrophobicity of surface with Gaussian holes. This study shows that large Sz is an essential condition to form the stable and robust Cassie–Baxter state, i.e. a condition to achieve superhydrophobicity. The comparison between the predicted and measured contact angles in experiments shows that the proposed model can accurately predict contact angle and optimize the geometries of the microstructure to achieve maximum hydrophobicity.

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