Study protocol of European Fans in Training (EuroFIT): a four-country randomised controlled trial of a lifestyle program for men delivered in elite football clubs

Femke van Nassau, Hidde P. van der Ploeg, Frank Abrahamsen, Eivind Andersen, Annie S. Anderson, Judith E. Bosmans, Christopher Bunn, Matthew Chalmers, Ciaran Clissmann, Jason M. R. Gill, Cindy M. Gray, Kate Hunt, Judith G.M. Jelsma, Jennifer G. La Guardia, Pierre N. Lemyre, David W. Loudon, Lisa Macaulay, Douglas J. Maxwell, Alex McConnachie, Anne Martin & 19 others Nikos Mourselas, Nanette Mutrie, Ria Nijhuis-van der Sanden, Kylie O’Brien, Hugo V. Pereira, Matthew Philpott, Glyn C. Roberts, John Rooksby, Mattias Rost, Øystein Røynesdal, Naveed Sattar, Marlene N. Silva, Marit Sorensen, Pedro J. Teixeira, Shaun Treweek, Theo van Achterberg, Irene van de Glind, Willem van Mechelen, Sally Wyke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background
Lifestyle interventions targeting physical activity, sedentary time and dietary behaviours have the potential to initiate and support behavioural change and result in public health gain. Although men have often been reluctant to engage in such lifestyle programs, many are at high risk of several chronic conditions. We have developed an evidence and theory-based, gender sensitised, health and lifestyle program (European Fans in Training (EuroFIT)), which is designed to attract men through the loyalty they feel to the football club they support. This paper describes the study protocol to evaluate the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of the EuroFIT program in supporting men to improve their level of physical activity and reduce sedentary behaviour over 12 months.
Methods
The EuroFIT study is a pragmatic, two-arm, randomised controlled trial conducted in 15 football clubs in the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal and the UK (England). One-thousand men, aged 30 to 65 years, with a self-reported Body Mass Index (BMI) ≥27 kg/m2 will be recruited and individually randomised. The primary outcomes are objectively-assessed changes in total physical activity (steps per day) and total sedentary time (minutes per day) at 12 months after baseline assessment. Secondary outcomes are weight, BMI, waist circumference, resting systolic and diastolic blood pressure, cardio-metabolic blood biomarkers, food intake, self-reported physical activity and sedentary time, wellbeing, self-esteem, vitality and quality of life. Cost-effectiveness will be assessed and a process evaluation conducted.
The EuroFIT program will be delivered over 12 weekly, 90-minute sessions that combine classroom discussion with graded physical activity in the setting of the football club. Classroom sessions provide participants with a toolbox of behaviour change techniques to initiate and sustain long-term lifestyle changes. The coaches will receive two days of training to enable them to create a positive social environment that supports men in engaging in sustained behaviour change.
Discussion
The EuroFIT trial will provide evidence on the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of the EuroFIT program delivered by football clubs to their male fans, and will offer insight into factors associated with success in making sustained changes to physical activity, sedentary behaviour, and secondary outcomes, such as diet.
Trial registration
ISRCTN: 81935608. Registered 16 June 2015.
LanguageEnglish
Number of pages15
JournalBMC Public Health
Volume16
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 19 Jul 2016

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Football
Life Style
Randomized Controlled Trials
Exercise
Cost-Benefit Analysis
Education
Body Mass Index
Blood Pressure
Portugal
Social Environment
Waist Circumference
Norway
Self Concept
England
Netherlands
Public Health
Eating
Biomarkers
Quality of Life
Diet

Keywords

  • intervention
  • randomised controlled trial
  • sedentary behaviour
  • physical activity
  • diet
  • long-term behaviour change
  • men's health
  • football club
  • cardio-metabolic health
  • obesity

Cite this

van Nassau, Femke ; van der Ploeg, Hidde P. ; Abrahamsen, Frank ; Andersen, Eivind ; Anderson, Annie S. ; Bosmans, Judith E. ; Bunn, Christopher ; Chalmers, Matthew ; Clissmann, Ciaran ; Gill, Jason M. R. ; Gray, Cindy M. ; Hunt, Kate ; Jelsma, Judith G.M. ; La Guardia, Jennifer G. ; Lemyre, Pierre N. ; Loudon, David W. ; Macaulay, Lisa ; Maxwell, Douglas J. ; McConnachie, Alex ; Martin, Anne ; Mourselas, Nikos ; Mutrie, Nanette ; Nijhuis-van der Sanden, Ria ; O’Brien, Kylie ; Pereira, Hugo V. ; Philpott, Matthew ; Roberts, Glyn C. ; Rooksby, John ; Rost, Mattias ; Røynesdal, Øystein ; Sattar, Naveed ; Silva, Marlene N. ; Sorensen, Marit ; Teixeira, Pedro J. ; Treweek, Shaun ; van Achterberg, Theo ; van de Glind, Irene ; van Mechelen, Willem ; Wyke, Sally. / Study protocol of European Fans in Training (EuroFIT) : a four-country randomised controlled trial of a lifestyle program for men delivered in elite football clubs. In: BMC Public Health. 2016 ; Vol. 16, No. 1.
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abstract = "BackgroundLifestyle interventions targeting physical activity, sedentary time and dietary behaviours have the potential to initiate and support behavioural change and result in public health gain. Although men have often been reluctant to engage in such lifestyle programs, many are at high risk of several chronic conditions. We have developed an evidence and theory-based, gender sensitised, health and lifestyle program (European Fans in Training (EuroFIT)), which is designed to attract men through the loyalty they feel to the football club they support. This paper describes the study protocol to evaluate the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of the EuroFIT program in supporting men to improve their level of physical activity and reduce sedentary behaviour over 12 months.MethodsThe EuroFIT study is a pragmatic, two-arm, randomised controlled trial conducted in 15 football clubs in the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal and the UK (England). One-thousand men, aged 30 to 65 years, with a self-reported Body Mass Index (BMI) ≥27 kg/m2 will be recruited and individually randomised. The primary outcomes are objectively-assessed changes in total physical activity (steps per day) and total sedentary time (minutes per day) at 12 months after baseline assessment. Secondary outcomes are weight, BMI, waist circumference, resting systolic and diastolic blood pressure, cardio-metabolic blood biomarkers, food intake, self-reported physical activity and sedentary time, wellbeing, self-esteem, vitality and quality of life. Cost-effectiveness will be assessed and a process evaluation conducted.The EuroFIT program will be delivered over 12 weekly, 90-minute sessions that combine classroom discussion with graded physical activity in the setting of the football club. Classroom sessions provide participants with a toolbox of behaviour change techniques to initiate and sustain long-term lifestyle changes. The coaches will receive two days of training to enable them to create a positive social environment that supports men in engaging in sustained behaviour change.DiscussionThe EuroFIT trial will provide evidence on the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of the EuroFIT program delivered by football clubs to their male fans, and will offer insight into factors associated with success in making sustained changes to physical activity, sedentary behaviour, and secondary outcomes, such as diet.Trial registrationISRCTN: 81935608. Registered 16 June 2015.",
keywords = "intervention, randomised controlled trial, sedentary behaviour, physical activity, diet, long-term behaviour change, men's health, football club, cardio-metabolic health, obesity",
author = "{van Nassau}, Femke and {van der Ploeg}, {Hidde P.} and Frank Abrahamsen and Eivind Andersen and Anderson, {Annie S.} and Bosmans, {Judith E.} and Christopher Bunn and Matthew Chalmers and Ciaran Clissmann and Gill, {Jason M. R.} and Gray, {Cindy M.} and Kate Hunt and Jelsma, {Judith G.M.} and {La Guardia}, {Jennifer G.} and Lemyre, {Pierre N.} and Loudon, {David W.} and Lisa Macaulay and Maxwell, {Douglas J.} and Alex McConnachie and Anne Martin and Nikos Mourselas and Nanette Mutrie and {Nijhuis-van der Sanden}, Ria and Kylie O’Brien and Pereira, {Hugo V.} and Matthew Philpott and Roberts, {Glyn C.} and John Rooksby and Mattias Rost and {\O}ystein R{\o}ynesdal and Naveed Sattar and Silva, {Marlene N.} and Marit Sorensen and Teixeira, {Pedro J.} and Shaun Treweek and {van Achterberg}, Theo and {van de Glind}, Irene and {van Mechelen}, Willem and Sally Wyke",
year = "2016",
month = "7",
day = "19",
doi = "10.1186/s12889-016-3255-y",
language = "English",
volume = "16",
journal = "BMC Public Health",
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van Nassau, F, van der Ploeg, HP, Abrahamsen, F, Andersen, E, Anderson, AS, Bosmans, JE, Bunn, C, Chalmers, M, Clissmann, C, Gill, JMR, Gray, CM, Hunt, K, Jelsma, JGM, La Guardia, JG, Lemyre, PN, Loudon, DW, Macaulay, L, Maxwell, DJ, McConnachie, A, Martin, A, Mourselas, N, Mutrie, N, Nijhuis-van der Sanden, R, O’Brien, K, Pereira, HV, Philpott, M, Roberts, GC, Rooksby, J, Rost, M, Røynesdal, Ø, Sattar, N, Silva, MN, Sorensen, M, Teixeira, PJ, Treweek, S, van Achterberg, T, van de Glind, I, van Mechelen, W & Wyke, S 2016, 'Study protocol of European Fans in Training (EuroFIT): a four-country randomised controlled trial of a lifestyle program for men delivered in elite football clubs' BMC Public Health, vol. 16, no. 1. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-016-3255-y

Study protocol of European Fans in Training (EuroFIT) : a four-country randomised controlled trial of a lifestyle program for men delivered in elite football clubs. / van Nassau, Femke; van der Ploeg, Hidde P.; Abrahamsen, Frank; Andersen, Eivind; Anderson, Annie S.; Bosmans, Judith E.; Bunn, Christopher; Chalmers, Matthew; Clissmann, Ciaran; Gill, Jason M. R.; Gray, Cindy M.; Hunt, Kate; Jelsma, Judith G.M.; La Guardia, Jennifer G.; Lemyre, Pierre N.; Loudon, David W.; Macaulay, Lisa; Maxwell, Douglas J.; McConnachie, Alex; Martin, Anne; Mourselas, Nikos; Mutrie, Nanette; Nijhuis-van der Sanden, Ria; O’Brien, Kylie; Pereira, Hugo V.; Philpott, Matthew; Roberts, Glyn C.; Rooksby, John; Rost, Mattias; Røynesdal, Øystein; Sattar, Naveed; Silva, Marlene N.; Sorensen, Marit; Teixeira, Pedro J.; Treweek, Shaun; van Achterberg, Theo; van de Glind, Irene; van Mechelen, Willem; Wyke, Sally.

In: BMC Public Health, Vol. 16, No. 1, 19.07.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Study protocol of European Fans in Training (EuroFIT)

T2 - BMC Public Health

AU - van Nassau, Femke

AU - van der Ploeg, Hidde P.

AU - Abrahamsen, Frank

AU - Andersen, Eivind

AU - Anderson, Annie S.

AU - Bosmans, Judith E.

AU - Bunn, Christopher

AU - Chalmers, Matthew

AU - Clissmann, Ciaran

AU - Gill, Jason M. R.

AU - Gray, Cindy M.

AU - Hunt, Kate

AU - Jelsma, Judith G.M.

AU - La Guardia, Jennifer G.

AU - Lemyre, Pierre N.

AU - Loudon, David W.

AU - Macaulay, Lisa

AU - Maxwell, Douglas J.

AU - McConnachie, Alex

AU - Martin, Anne

AU - Mourselas, Nikos

AU - Mutrie, Nanette

AU - Nijhuis-van der Sanden, Ria

AU - O’Brien, Kylie

AU - Pereira, Hugo V.

AU - Philpott, Matthew

AU - Roberts, Glyn C.

AU - Rooksby, John

AU - Rost, Mattias

AU - Røynesdal, Øystein

AU - Sattar, Naveed

AU - Silva, Marlene N.

AU - Sorensen, Marit

AU - Teixeira, Pedro J.

AU - Treweek, Shaun

AU - van Achterberg, Theo

AU - van de Glind, Irene

AU - van Mechelen, Willem

AU - Wyke, Sally

PY - 2016/7/19

Y1 - 2016/7/19

N2 - BackgroundLifestyle interventions targeting physical activity, sedentary time and dietary behaviours have the potential to initiate and support behavioural change and result in public health gain. Although men have often been reluctant to engage in such lifestyle programs, many are at high risk of several chronic conditions. We have developed an evidence and theory-based, gender sensitised, health and lifestyle program (European Fans in Training (EuroFIT)), which is designed to attract men through the loyalty they feel to the football club they support. This paper describes the study protocol to evaluate the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of the EuroFIT program in supporting men to improve their level of physical activity and reduce sedentary behaviour over 12 months.MethodsThe EuroFIT study is a pragmatic, two-arm, randomised controlled trial conducted in 15 football clubs in the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal and the UK (England). One-thousand men, aged 30 to 65 years, with a self-reported Body Mass Index (BMI) ≥27 kg/m2 will be recruited and individually randomised. The primary outcomes are objectively-assessed changes in total physical activity (steps per day) and total sedentary time (minutes per day) at 12 months after baseline assessment. Secondary outcomes are weight, BMI, waist circumference, resting systolic and diastolic blood pressure, cardio-metabolic blood biomarkers, food intake, self-reported physical activity and sedentary time, wellbeing, self-esteem, vitality and quality of life. Cost-effectiveness will be assessed and a process evaluation conducted.The EuroFIT program will be delivered over 12 weekly, 90-minute sessions that combine classroom discussion with graded physical activity in the setting of the football club. Classroom sessions provide participants with a toolbox of behaviour change techniques to initiate and sustain long-term lifestyle changes. The coaches will receive two days of training to enable them to create a positive social environment that supports men in engaging in sustained behaviour change.DiscussionThe EuroFIT trial will provide evidence on the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of the EuroFIT program delivered by football clubs to their male fans, and will offer insight into factors associated with success in making sustained changes to physical activity, sedentary behaviour, and secondary outcomes, such as diet.Trial registrationISRCTN: 81935608. Registered 16 June 2015.

AB - BackgroundLifestyle interventions targeting physical activity, sedentary time and dietary behaviours have the potential to initiate and support behavioural change and result in public health gain. Although men have often been reluctant to engage in such lifestyle programs, many are at high risk of several chronic conditions. We have developed an evidence and theory-based, gender sensitised, health and lifestyle program (European Fans in Training (EuroFIT)), which is designed to attract men through the loyalty they feel to the football club they support. This paper describes the study protocol to evaluate the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of the EuroFIT program in supporting men to improve their level of physical activity and reduce sedentary behaviour over 12 months.MethodsThe EuroFIT study is a pragmatic, two-arm, randomised controlled trial conducted in 15 football clubs in the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal and the UK (England). One-thousand men, aged 30 to 65 years, with a self-reported Body Mass Index (BMI) ≥27 kg/m2 will be recruited and individually randomised. The primary outcomes are objectively-assessed changes in total physical activity (steps per day) and total sedentary time (minutes per day) at 12 months after baseline assessment. Secondary outcomes are weight, BMI, waist circumference, resting systolic and diastolic blood pressure, cardio-metabolic blood biomarkers, food intake, self-reported physical activity and sedentary time, wellbeing, self-esteem, vitality and quality of life. Cost-effectiveness will be assessed and a process evaluation conducted.The EuroFIT program will be delivered over 12 weekly, 90-minute sessions that combine classroom discussion with graded physical activity in the setting of the football club. Classroom sessions provide participants with a toolbox of behaviour change techniques to initiate and sustain long-term lifestyle changes. The coaches will receive two days of training to enable them to create a positive social environment that supports men in engaging in sustained behaviour change.DiscussionThe EuroFIT trial will provide evidence on the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of the EuroFIT program delivered by football clubs to their male fans, and will offer insight into factors associated with success in making sustained changes to physical activity, sedentary behaviour, and secondary outcomes, such as diet.Trial registrationISRCTN: 81935608. Registered 16 June 2015.

KW - intervention

KW - randomised controlled trial

KW - sedentary behaviour

KW - physical activity

KW - diet

KW - long-term behaviour change

KW - men's health

KW - football club

KW - cardio-metabolic health

KW - obesity

U2 - 10.1186/s12889-016-3255-y

DO - 10.1186/s12889-016-3255-y

M3 - Article

VL - 16

JO - BMC Public Health

JF - BMC Public Health

SN - 1471-2458

IS - 1

ER -