Study on the feasibility of developing high voltage and large capacity permanent-magnet-biased fault current limiter

Liang Zou, Qing-Min Li, Wah Hoon Siew, Hong-shun Liu

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution book

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The fault current limiter based on permanent-magnet-biased saturation, namely PMFCL, is a preferable solution to suppress the fault current in power grids, with unique superiority and advantages in both aspects of economical investment and technological feasibility. However, the bias capability of the permanent magnet is still a pending issue as to hinder further development of the PMFCL towards high voltage (HV) and large capacity, which is yet to be clarified so far. The state-of-the-art advancement of PMFCL is firstly reviewed and its specific merits are fully accounted for. A concept of Saturation Depth Ratio is proposed and defined as to indicate that, to improve the bias capability of the permanent magnet is in effect equivalent to increasing saturation depth ratio of the iron core. With regard to a novel PMFCL topology, the mathematical relationship between the saturation depth ratio and the structural parameters is obtained through equivalent magnetic circuit analysis then verified by experiments and FEM simulation, which presents effective basis and guide to design of HV and large-capacity PMFCL. Finally, a case study of 10 kV PMFCL prototype is given. Results demonstrate that, proper adjust of section area and length of the permanent magnet can achieve preferable bias capability of the permanent magnet, and thereby show feasibility to realize HV and large-capacity PMFCL.
LanguageEnglish
Title of host publication2009 Proceedings of the 44th International Universities Power Engineering Conference (UPEC)
Place of PublicationNew York
PublisherIEEE
Number of pages5
ISBN (Print)9781424468232
Publication statusPublished - 2009
EventThe 44th International Universities' Power Engineering Conference - Glasgow, United Kingdom
Duration: 1 Sep 20094 Sep 2009

Conference

ConferenceThe 44th International Universities' Power Engineering Conference
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityGlasgow
Period1/09/094/09/09

Fingerprint

Fault current limiters
Permanent magnets
Electric potential
Saturation (materials composition)
Magnetic circuits
Electric fault currents
Electric network analysis
Equivalent circuits
Topology
Iron
Finite element method
Experiments

Keywords

  • permanent magnets
  • fault current limiters
  • finite element analysis
  • high-voltage engineering
  • high voltage
  • large capacity
  • permanent-magnet-biased fault current limiter

Cite this

Zou, L., Li, Q-M., Siew, W. H., & Liu, H. (2009). Study on the feasibility of developing high voltage and large capacity permanent-magnet-biased fault current limiter. In 2009 Proceedings of the 44th International Universities Power Engineering Conference (UPEC) New York: IEEE.
Zou, Liang ; Li, Qing-Min ; Siew, Wah Hoon ; Liu, Hong-shun . / Study on the feasibility of developing high voltage and large capacity permanent-magnet-biased fault current limiter. 2009 Proceedings of the 44th International Universities Power Engineering Conference (UPEC). New York : IEEE, 2009.
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abstract = "The fault current limiter based on permanent-magnet-biased saturation, namely PMFCL, is a preferable solution to suppress the fault current in power grids, with unique superiority and advantages in both aspects of economical investment and technological feasibility. However, the bias capability of the permanent magnet is still a pending issue as to hinder further development of the PMFCL towards high voltage (HV) and large capacity, which is yet to be clarified so far. The state-of-the-art advancement of PMFCL is firstly reviewed and its specific merits are fully accounted for. A concept of Saturation Depth Ratio is proposed and defined as to indicate that, to improve the bias capability of the permanent magnet is in effect equivalent to increasing saturation depth ratio of the iron core. With regard to a novel PMFCL topology, the mathematical relationship between the saturation depth ratio and the structural parameters is obtained through equivalent magnetic circuit analysis then verified by experiments and FEM simulation, which presents effective basis and guide to design of HV and large-capacity PMFCL. Finally, a case study of 10 kV PMFCL prototype is given. Results demonstrate that, proper adjust of section area and length of the permanent magnet can achieve preferable bias capability of the permanent magnet, and thereby show feasibility to realize HV and large-capacity PMFCL.",
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Zou, L, Li, Q-M, Siew, WH & Liu, H 2009, Study on the feasibility of developing high voltage and large capacity permanent-magnet-biased fault current limiter. in 2009 Proceedings of the 44th International Universities Power Engineering Conference (UPEC). IEEE, New York, The 44th International Universities' Power Engineering Conference, Glasgow, United Kingdom, 1/09/09.

Study on the feasibility of developing high voltage and large capacity permanent-magnet-biased fault current limiter. / Zou, Liang; Li, Qing-Min ; Siew, Wah Hoon; Liu, Hong-shun .

2009 Proceedings of the 44th International Universities Power Engineering Conference (UPEC). New York : IEEE, 2009.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution book

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N2 - The fault current limiter based on permanent-magnet-biased saturation, namely PMFCL, is a preferable solution to suppress the fault current in power grids, with unique superiority and advantages in both aspects of economical investment and technological feasibility. However, the bias capability of the permanent magnet is still a pending issue as to hinder further development of the PMFCL towards high voltage (HV) and large capacity, which is yet to be clarified so far. The state-of-the-art advancement of PMFCL is firstly reviewed and its specific merits are fully accounted for. A concept of Saturation Depth Ratio is proposed and defined as to indicate that, to improve the bias capability of the permanent magnet is in effect equivalent to increasing saturation depth ratio of the iron core. With regard to a novel PMFCL topology, the mathematical relationship between the saturation depth ratio and the structural parameters is obtained through equivalent magnetic circuit analysis then verified by experiments and FEM simulation, which presents effective basis and guide to design of HV and large-capacity PMFCL. Finally, a case study of 10 kV PMFCL prototype is given. Results demonstrate that, proper adjust of section area and length of the permanent magnet can achieve preferable bias capability of the permanent magnet, and thereby show feasibility to realize HV and large-capacity PMFCL.

AB - The fault current limiter based on permanent-magnet-biased saturation, namely PMFCL, is a preferable solution to suppress the fault current in power grids, with unique superiority and advantages in both aspects of economical investment and technological feasibility. However, the bias capability of the permanent magnet is still a pending issue as to hinder further development of the PMFCL towards high voltage (HV) and large capacity, which is yet to be clarified so far. The state-of-the-art advancement of PMFCL is firstly reviewed and its specific merits are fully accounted for. A concept of Saturation Depth Ratio is proposed and defined as to indicate that, to improve the bias capability of the permanent magnet is in effect equivalent to increasing saturation depth ratio of the iron core. With regard to a novel PMFCL topology, the mathematical relationship between the saturation depth ratio and the structural parameters is obtained through equivalent magnetic circuit analysis then verified by experiments and FEM simulation, which presents effective basis and guide to design of HV and large-capacity PMFCL. Finally, a case study of 10 kV PMFCL prototype is given. Results demonstrate that, proper adjust of section area and length of the permanent magnet can achieve preferable bias capability of the permanent magnet, and thereby show feasibility to realize HV and large-capacity PMFCL.

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Zou L, Li Q-M, Siew WH, Liu H. Study on the feasibility of developing high voltage and large capacity permanent-magnet-biased fault current limiter. In 2009 Proceedings of the 44th International Universities Power Engineering Conference (UPEC). New York: IEEE. 2009