Double hull (DH) tankers may be more effective than single hull (SH) tankers in pollution prevention because they have a second barrier, the inner skin, to oil outflow in the event of side damage. The actual effect of DHs calls for quantitative study. This paper presents a comparative study on the side structure resistance to collisions. A DH Aframax tanker and an SH Aframax tanker of similar size were selected for the study. The two vessels were assumed to be struck by a same bulbous bow in different locations and angles. The bow was assumed to be rigid and different non-linear materials and contact models were considered for the struck tankers based on the original designs. The DH tanker was found to be superior to the SH tanker in relation to resistance to side structural damage. Finally, by using the simulation results, the distribution of damage extents for DH tankers is proposed based on the historical damage extents, which are mainly for SH tankers.
- ship collision
- ship structure
- double hull tanker
- single hull tanker
- explicit finite element analysis
- collision damage distribution