Structural studies of cesium, lithium/cesium and sodium/cesium bis(trimethylsilyl)amide (HMDS) complexes

Ana I. Ojeda Amador, Antonio J. Martínez-Martínez, Alan R. Kennedy, Charles T. O'Hara

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Abstract

Reacting cesium fluoride with an equimolar n-hexane solution of lithium bis(trimethylsilyl)amide (LiHMDS), allows the isolation of CsHMDS (1) in 80% yield (after sublimation). This preparative route to 1 negates the need for pyrophoric Cs metal or organocesium reagents in its synthesis. If a 2:1 LiHMDS:CsF ratio is employed the heterobimetallic polymer [LiCs(HMDS)2]∞ 2 was isolated (57% yield). By combining equimolar quantities of NaHMDS and CsHMDS in hexane/toluene [NaCs(HMDS)2(toluene)]∞ 3 was isolated (62% yield). Attempts to prepare the corresponding potassium-cesium amide failed, and instead yielded the known monometallic polymer [Cs(HMDS)(toluene)]∞ 4. With the aim of expanding the structural diversity of Cs(HMDS) species, 1 was reacted with several different Lewis basic donor molecules of varying denticity; namely, (R,R)-N,N,N′,N′-tetramethylcyclohexane-1,2-diamine [(R,R)-TMCDA] and N,N,Nʹ,Nʹ-tetramethylethylenediamine (TMEDA), N,N,Nʹ,Nʹʹ,Nʹʹ-pentamethyldiethylenetriamine (PMDETA), tris[2-(dimethylamino)ethyl]amine (Me6-TREN) and tris[2-(2-methoxyethoxy)ethyl]amine (TMEEA). These reactions yielded dimeric [Cs(HMDS)·donor]2 5-7 [where donor is (R,R)-TMCDA, TMEDA and PMDETA respectively], the tetranuclear ‘open’-dimer [{Me6-TREN·Cs(HMDS)}2{Cs(HMDS)}2] 8 and the monomeric Cs(HMDS)·TMEEA 9. Complexes 2,3 and 5-9 were characterized by X-ray crystallography and in solution by multinuclear NMR spectroscopy.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5719–5728
Number of pages10
JournalInorganic Chemistry
Volume55
Issue number11
Early online date13 May 2016
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 13 May 2016

Keywords

  • lithium
  • cesium
  • X-ray crystal structures
  • polymers
  • coordination chemistry

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