Structural analysis of low-speed axial-flux permanent-magnet machines

M.A. Mueller, A.S. McDonald, D.E. Macpherson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

49 Citations (Scopus)


Analytical expressions obtained from circular plate, elastic beam and cylindrical shell theory are applied to calculate the structural mass of axial-flux permanent-magnet machines for a range of typical wind-turbine ratings. Finite-element models and data from existing low-speed axial-flux machines have been used to gain confidence in the models presented, such that they can be incorporated into design-office programs to rapidly provide a first-order estimate with a reasonable level of accuracy. Results confirm that the inactive mass is greater than 60% of the machine total mass, and at multimegawatt ratings it is almost 90% of the total mass. Optimisation of the machine must therefore include the link between structural and electromagnetic designs. Results presented illustrate the impact of inactive mass on geometrical design parameters and also show that multistage designs can lead to a reduction in mass.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1417 - 1426
Number of pages10
JournalIEE Proceedings Electric Power Applications
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 4 Nov 2005
Externally publishedYes


  • finite element analysis
  • geometrical design parameters
  • permanent magnet machines
  • wind turbines

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Structural analysis of low-speed axial-flux permanent-magnet machines'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this