Stress accumulation in the Marmara Sea estimated through ground-motion simulations from dynamic rupture scenarios

Hideo Aochi, John Douglas, Thomas Ulrich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  • 2 Citations

Abstract

We compare ground motions simulated from dynamic rupture scenarios, for the seismic gap along the North Anatolian Fault under the Marmara Sea Turkey), to estimates from empirical ground motion prediction equations (GMPEs). Ground motions are simulated using a finite difference method and a 3D model of the local crustal structure. They are analyzed at more than a thousand locations in terms of horizontal peak ground velocity. Characteristics of probable earthquake scenarios are strongly dependent on the hypothesized level of accumulated stress, in terms of a normalized stress parameter T (Aochi and Ulrich, 2015). With respect to the GMPEs, it is found that simulations for many scenarios systematically overestimate the ground motions at all distances. Simulations for only some scenarios, corresponding to moderate stress accumulation, match the estimates from the GMPEs. The difference between the simulations and the GMPEs is used to quantify the relative probabilities of each scenario and, therefore, to revise the probability of the stress field. A magnitude Mw7+ operating at moderate prestress field (0.6 < T ≤ 0.7) is statistically more probable, as previously assumed in the logic tree of probabilistic assessment of rupture scenarios. This approach of revising the mechanical hypothesis by means of comparison to an empirical statistical model (e.g. a GMPE) is useful not only for practical seismic hazard assessments but also to understand crustal dynamics.
LanguageEnglish
Pages2219–2235
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth
Volume122
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 22 Mar 2017

Fingerprint

motion simulation
ground motion
rupture
simulation
prediction
predictions
crustal dynamics
Finite difference method
Earthquakes
Hazards
North Anatolian Fault
sea
Turkey
finite difference method
estimates
hazard assessment
crustal structure
seismic hazard
stress field
hazards

Keywords

  • ground motion prediction equations
  • dynamic rupture
  • seismic gap
  • seismic risk
  • earthquake

Cite this

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abstract = "We compare ground motions simulated from dynamic rupture scenarios, for the seismic gap along the North Anatolian Fault under the Marmara Sea Turkey), to estimates from empirical ground motion prediction equations (GMPEs). Ground motions are simulated using a finite difference method and a 3D model of the local crustal structure. They are analyzed at more than a thousand locations in terms of horizontal peak ground velocity. Characteristics of probable earthquake scenarios are strongly dependent on the hypothesized level of accumulated stress, in terms of a normalized stress parameter T (Aochi and Ulrich, 2015). With respect to the GMPEs, it is found that simulations for many scenarios systematically overestimate the ground motions at all distances. Simulations for only some scenarios, corresponding to moderate stress accumulation, match the estimates from the GMPEs. The difference between the simulations and the GMPEs is used to quantify the relative probabilities of each scenario and, therefore, to revise the probability of the stress field. A magnitude Mw7+ operating at moderate prestress field (0.6 < T ≤ 0.7) is statistically more probable, as previously assumed in the logic tree of probabilistic assessment of rupture scenarios. This approach of revising the mechanical hypothesis by means of comparison to an empirical statistical model (e.g. a GMPE) is useful not only for practical seismic hazard assessments but also to understand crustal dynamics.",
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Stress accumulation in the Marmara Sea estimated through ground-motion simulations from dynamic rupture scenarios. / Aochi, Hideo; Douglas, John; Ulrich, Thomas.

In: Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, Vol. 122, No. 3, 22.03.2017, p. 2219–2235.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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N2 - We compare ground motions simulated from dynamic rupture scenarios, for the seismic gap along the North Anatolian Fault under the Marmara Sea Turkey), to estimates from empirical ground motion prediction equations (GMPEs). Ground motions are simulated using a finite difference method and a 3D model of the local crustal structure. They are analyzed at more than a thousand locations in terms of horizontal peak ground velocity. Characteristics of probable earthquake scenarios are strongly dependent on the hypothesized level of accumulated stress, in terms of a normalized stress parameter T (Aochi and Ulrich, 2015). With respect to the GMPEs, it is found that simulations for many scenarios systematically overestimate the ground motions at all distances. Simulations for only some scenarios, corresponding to moderate stress accumulation, match the estimates from the GMPEs. The difference between the simulations and the GMPEs is used to quantify the relative probabilities of each scenario and, therefore, to revise the probability of the stress field. A magnitude Mw7+ operating at moderate prestress field (0.6 < T ≤ 0.7) is statistically more probable, as previously assumed in the logic tree of probabilistic assessment of rupture scenarios. This approach of revising the mechanical hypothesis by means of comparison to an empirical statistical model (e.g. a GMPE) is useful not only for practical seismic hazard assessments but also to understand crustal dynamics.

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