Strain-based approaches to damage localization in civil structures

Daniele Zonta, Dionisio Bernal

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution book


Despite the recent increase in the scientific literature on new vibration-based damage location techniques, it is commonly recognized that only methods that use mode-shape information are proven to be effective in Structural Health Monitoring of civil structures. Mere comparison of the modal shapes of a structure in the pre- and postdamage situations does not usually yield results useful for locating the damage, so the mode-shape information needs to be rearranged in a more appropriate form. The most common approaches proposed in the literature are based on concepts such as strain mode shape, flexibility matrix, Damage Locating Vectors (DLV), strain energy. In this contribution the authors show how the theoretical basis of most of the techniques proposed in the literature can be easily compared when the mechanical problem is recast in a generalized-strain coordinate system. The possibilities and limits of these approaches are first highlighted with simple numerical examples. The methods are then applied to the damage location in an experimental prototype of instrumented beam.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationConference Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Mechanics Series
Number of pages15
Publication statusPublished - 2 Feb 2006
Event24th Conference and Exposition on Structural Dynamics 2006, IMAC-XXIV - St Louis, MI, United States
Duration: 30 Jan 20062 Feb 2006


Conference24th Conference and Exposition on Structural Dynamics 2006, IMAC-XXIV
CountryUnited States
CitySt Louis, MI


  • damage detection
  • structural dynamics
  • damage localization
  • flexibility matrices

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