Steganographic fiber-optic transmission using coherent spectral-phase-encoded optical CDMA

B. Wu, A. Agrawal, I. Glesk, E. Narimanov, S. Etemad, P.R. Prucnal

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Spread spectrum (SS) has been used extensively in military radio communications to ensure low probability of intercept of a transmitted signal by an unintended receiver. Low probability of intercept is achieved using a unique code to spread the transmitted signal into noise-like signal having low spectral power density. The SS signal is submerged below the background noise, making it difficult to be detected by a hostile eavesdropper. Low probability of intercept is ensured because the original signal can only be recovered if the receiver knows the spreading code. The application of SS techniques in radio frequency wireless communications has been widely implemented using code-division multiple-access (CDMA), which provides both high spectral efficiency and steganographic security, , where only an authorized user knows of the existence of the secret message.
LanguageEnglish
Title of host publicationLasers and Electro-Optics, 2008 and 2008. Conference on Quantum Electronics and Laser Science
PublisherIEEE
Pages1-2
Number of pages1
ISBN (Print)978-1-55752-859-9
Publication statusPublished - 4 May 2008

Fingerprint

Code division multiple access
Fiber optics
Radio communication
Power spectral density
Communication

Keywords

  • code division multiple access
  • cryptography
  • optical fibre communication
  • phase coding
  • spread spectrum communication

Cite this

Wu, B., Agrawal, A., Glesk, I., Narimanov, E., Etemad, S., & Prucnal, P. R. (2008). Steganographic fiber-optic transmission using coherent spectral-phase-encoded optical CDMA. In Lasers and Electro-Optics, 2008 and 2008. Conference on Quantum Electronics and Laser Science (pp. 1-2). IEEE.
Wu, B. ; Agrawal, A. ; Glesk, I. ; Narimanov, E. ; Etemad, S. ; Prucnal, P.R. / Steganographic fiber-optic transmission using coherent spectral-phase-encoded optical CDMA. Lasers and Electro-Optics, 2008 and 2008. Conference on Quantum Electronics and Laser Science. IEEE, 2008. pp. 1-2
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abstract = "Spread spectrum (SS) has been used extensively in military radio communications to ensure low probability of intercept of a transmitted signal by an unintended receiver. Low probability of intercept is achieved using a unique code to spread the transmitted signal into noise-like signal having low spectral power density. The SS signal is submerged below the background noise, making it difficult to be detected by a hostile eavesdropper. Low probability of intercept is ensured because the original signal can only be recovered if the receiver knows the spreading code. The application of SS techniques in radio frequency wireless communications has been widely implemented using code-division multiple-access (CDMA), which provides both high spectral efficiency and steganographic security, , where only an authorized user knows of the existence of the secret message.",
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Wu, B, Agrawal, A, Glesk, I, Narimanov, E, Etemad, S & Prucnal, PR 2008, Steganographic fiber-optic transmission using coherent spectral-phase-encoded optical CDMA. in Lasers and Electro-Optics, 2008 and 2008. Conference on Quantum Electronics and Laser Science. IEEE, pp. 1-2.

Steganographic fiber-optic transmission using coherent spectral-phase-encoded optical CDMA. / Wu, B.; Agrawal, A.; Glesk, I.; Narimanov, E.; Etemad, S.; Prucnal, P.R.

Lasers and Electro-Optics, 2008 and 2008. Conference on Quantum Electronics and Laser Science. IEEE, 2008. p. 1-2.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

TY - CHAP

T1 - Steganographic fiber-optic transmission using coherent spectral-phase-encoded optical CDMA

AU - Wu, B.

AU - Agrawal, A.

AU - Glesk, I.

AU - Narimanov, E.

AU - Etemad, S.

AU - Prucnal, P.R.

PY - 2008/5/4

Y1 - 2008/5/4

N2 - Spread spectrum (SS) has been used extensively in military radio communications to ensure low probability of intercept of a transmitted signal by an unintended receiver. Low probability of intercept is achieved using a unique code to spread the transmitted signal into noise-like signal having low spectral power density. The SS signal is submerged below the background noise, making it difficult to be detected by a hostile eavesdropper. Low probability of intercept is ensured because the original signal can only be recovered if the receiver knows the spreading code. The application of SS techniques in radio frequency wireless communications has been widely implemented using code-division multiple-access (CDMA), which provides both high spectral efficiency and steganographic security, , where only an authorized user knows of the existence of the secret message.

AB - Spread spectrum (SS) has been used extensively in military radio communications to ensure low probability of intercept of a transmitted signal by an unintended receiver. Low probability of intercept is achieved using a unique code to spread the transmitted signal into noise-like signal having low spectral power density. The SS signal is submerged below the background noise, making it difficult to be detected by a hostile eavesdropper. Low probability of intercept is ensured because the original signal can only be recovered if the receiver knows the spreading code. The application of SS techniques in radio frequency wireless communications has been widely implemented using code-division multiple-access (CDMA), which provides both high spectral efficiency and steganographic security, , where only an authorized user knows of the existence of the secret message.

KW - code division multiple access

KW - cryptography

KW - optical fibre communication

KW - phase coding

KW - spread spectrum communication

UR - http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?tp=&arnumber=4571223

M3 - Chapter

SN - 978-1-55752-859-9

SP - 1

EP - 2

BT - Lasers and Electro-Optics, 2008 and 2008. Conference on Quantum Electronics and Laser Science

PB - IEEE

ER -

Wu B, Agrawal A, Glesk I, Narimanov E, Etemad S, Prucnal PR. Steganographic fiber-optic transmission using coherent spectral-phase-encoded optical CDMA. In Lasers and Electro-Optics, 2008 and 2008. Conference on Quantum Electronics and Laser Science. IEEE. 2008. p. 1-2