Statistical interaction modeling of bovine herd behaviors

B. Stephen, C. Dwyer, J. Hyslop, M. Bell, D. Ross, K.H. Kwong, C. Michie, I. Andonovic

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

While there has been interest in modeling the group behavior of herds or flocks, much of this work has focused on simulating their collective spatial motion patterns which have not accounted for individuality in the herd and instead assume a homogenized role for all members or sub-groups of the herd. Animal behavior experts have noted that domestic animals exhibit behaviors that are indicative of social hierarchy: leader/follower type behaviors are present as well as dominance and subordination, aggression and rank order, and specific social affiliations may also exist. Both wild and domestic cattle are social species, and group behaviors are likely to be influenced by the expression of specific social interactions. In this paper, Global Positioning System coordinate fixes gathered from a herd of beef cows tracked in open fields over several days at a time are utilized to learn a model that focuses on the interactions within the herd as well as its overall movement. Using these data in this way explores the validity of existing group behavior models against actual herding behaviors. Domain knowledge, location geography and human observations, are utilized to explain the causes of these deviations from this idealized behavior.
LanguageEnglish
Pages820-829
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, Part C: Applications and Reviews
Volume41
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2011

Fingerprint

Animals
Beef
Global positioning system

Keywords

  • group behavior
  • herds
  • flocks
  • simulating
  • their collective spatial motion patterns
  • agriculture
  • behavioral science
  • global positioning system
  • GPS
  • markov processes

Cite this

@article{ebdee755a8924d70b7ab94dd0338c64a,
title = "Statistical interaction modeling of bovine herd behaviors",
abstract = "While there has been interest in modeling the group behavior of herds or flocks, much of this work has focused on simulating their collective spatial motion patterns which have not accounted for individuality in the herd and instead assume a homogenized role for all members or sub-groups of the herd. Animal behavior experts have noted that domestic animals exhibit behaviors that are indicative of social hierarchy: leader/follower type behaviors are present as well as dominance and subordination, aggression and rank order, and specific social affiliations may also exist. Both wild and domestic cattle are social species, and group behaviors are likely to be influenced by the expression of specific social interactions. In this paper, Global Positioning System coordinate fixes gathered from a herd of beef cows tracked in open fields over several days at a time are utilized to learn a model that focuses on the interactions within the herd as well as its overall movement. Using these data in this way explores the validity of existing group behavior models against actual herding behaviors. Domain knowledge, location geography and human observations, are utilized to explain the causes of these deviations from this idealized behavior.",
keywords = "group behavior, herds, flocks, simulating, their collective spatial motion patterns, agriculture, behavioral science, global positioning system , GPS, markov processes",
author = "B. Stephen and C. Dwyer and J. Hyslop and M. Bell and D. Ross and K.H. Kwong and C. Michie and I. Andonovic",
year = "2011",
month = "11",
doi = "10.1109/TSMCC.2010.2073464",
language = "English",
volume = "41",
pages = "820--829",
journal = "IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, Part C: Applications and Reviews",
issn = "1094-6977",
number = "6",

}

Statistical interaction modeling of bovine herd behaviors. / Stephen, B.; Dwyer, C.; Hyslop, J.; Bell, M.; Ross, D.; Kwong, K.H.; Michie, C.; Andonovic, I.

In: IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, Part C: Applications and Reviews, Vol. 41, No. 6, 11.2011, p. 820-829.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Statistical interaction modeling of bovine herd behaviors

AU - Stephen, B.

AU - Dwyer, C.

AU - Hyslop, J.

AU - Bell, M.

AU - Ross, D.

AU - Kwong, K.H.

AU - Michie, C.

AU - Andonovic, I.

PY - 2011/11

Y1 - 2011/11

N2 - While there has been interest in modeling the group behavior of herds or flocks, much of this work has focused on simulating their collective spatial motion patterns which have not accounted for individuality in the herd and instead assume a homogenized role for all members or sub-groups of the herd. Animal behavior experts have noted that domestic animals exhibit behaviors that are indicative of social hierarchy: leader/follower type behaviors are present as well as dominance and subordination, aggression and rank order, and specific social affiliations may also exist. Both wild and domestic cattle are social species, and group behaviors are likely to be influenced by the expression of specific social interactions. In this paper, Global Positioning System coordinate fixes gathered from a herd of beef cows tracked in open fields over several days at a time are utilized to learn a model that focuses on the interactions within the herd as well as its overall movement. Using these data in this way explores the validity of existing group behavior models against actual herding behaviors. Domain knowledge, location geography and human observations, are utilized to explain the causes of these deviations from this idealized behavior.

AB - While there has been interest in modeling the group behavior of herds or flocks, much of this work has focused on simulating their collective spatial motion patterns which have not accounted for individuality in the herd and instead assume a homogenized role for all members or sub-groups of the herd. Animal behavior experts have noted that domestic animals exhibit behaviors that are indicative of social hierarchy: leader/follower type behaviors are present as well as dominance and subordination, aggression and rank order, and specific social affiliations may also exist. Both wild and domestic cattle are social species, and group behaviors are likely to be influenced by the expression of specific social interactions. In this paper, Global Positioning System coordinate fixes gathered from a herd of beef cows tracked in open fields over several days at a time are utilized to learn a model that focuses on the interactions within the herd as well as its overall movement. Using these data in this way explores the validity of existing group behavior models against actual herding behaviors. Domain knowledge, location geography and human observations, are utilized to explain the causes of these deviations from this idealized behavior.

KW - group behavior

KW - herds

KW - flocks

KW - simulating

KW - their collective spatial motion patterns

KW - agriculture

KW - behavioral science

KW - global positioning system

KW - GPS

KW - markov processes

UR - http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=5326

U2 - 10.1109/TSMCC.2010.2073464

DO - 10.1109/TSMCC.2010.2073464

M3 - Article

VL - 41

SP - 820

EP - 829

JO - IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, Part C: Applications and Reviews

T2 - IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, Part C: Applications and Reviews

JF - IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, Part C: Applications and Reviews

SN - 1094-6977

IS - 6

ER -