Stalking resilience: cities as vertebrae in society’s resilience backbone

Jose J. Gonzalez, Magnus Bang, Colin Eden, Raquel Gimenez, Josune Hernantes, Susan Howick, Patricia Marana, Igor Pyrko, Jazier Radianti, Rankin Amy, Jose Mari Sarriegi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution book

6 Citations (Scopus)
29 Downloads (Pure)


This paper presents the EU H2020 project Smart Mature Resilience, which takes advantage of the fact that many cities are committed to become increasingly resilient and have ongoing processes for urban resilience. Smart Mature Resilience develops resilience management guidelines based on a Resilience Maturity Model that engages a growing number of stakeholders and multilevel governance in order for cities to become vertebrae for society’s resilience backbone. In a dual approach, employing a systematic literature review of international resilience implementation approaches alongside group processes with experts, the Smart Mature Resilience project has developed a preliminary resilience maturity model consisting of five stages Starting, Moderate, Advanced, Robust and verTebrate (SMART) and a Systemic Risk Assessment Questionnaire. The SMART Resilience Maturity Model suggests two principal processes for the transition to resilience maturity: (1) A process of increasing engagement and collaboration with new stakeholder types, from local, to regional, to national to European in a growing resilience backbone, and (2) a process of quality improvement of policies for transitioning from a Safety-I to a Safety-II perspective (from risk assessment & mitigation to adaption to future surprises as conditions evolve).
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationFirst IFIP Conference on Information Technology in Disaster Risk Reduction
Place of PublicationBerlin
Number of pages15
ISBN (Print)9783319684857
Publication statusPublished - 18 Nov 2017
EventIFIP Conference on Information Technology in Disaster Risk Reduction - Sofia, Bulgaria
Duration: 16 Nov 201618 Nov 2016

Publication series

NameIFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology
ISSN (Print)1868-4238


ConferenceIFIP Conference on Information Technology in Disaster Risk Reduction


  • resilience
  • management guidelines
  • critical infrasturctures
  • natural disasters
  • climate change
  • social dynamics
  • maturity model
  • risk systemicity


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