Stabilising high energy orbit oscillations by the utilisation of centrifugal effects for rotating-tyre-induced energy harvesting

Yunshun Zhang, Rencheng Zheng, Kimihiko Nakano, Matthew P. Cartmell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Nonlinear energy harvesters are frequently considered in preference to linear devices because they can potentially overcome the narrow frequency bandwidth limitations inherent to linear variants however, the possibility of variable harvesting efficiency is raised for the nonlinear case. This paper proposes a rotational energy harvester which may be fitted into an automobile tyre, with the advantage that it may broaden the rotating frequency bandwidth and simultaneously stabilise high-energy orbit oscillations. By consideration of the centrifugal effects due to rotation, the overall restoring force will potentially be increased for a cantilever implemented within the harvester, and this manifests as an increase in its equivalent elastic stiffness. In addition, this study reveals that the initial potential well barriers become as shallow as those for a bistable system. When the rotational frequency increases beyond an identifiable boundary frequency, the system transforms into one with a potential barrier of a typical monostable system. On this basis, the inter-well motion of the bistable system can provide sufficient kinetic energy so that the cantilever maintains its high-energy orbit oscillation for monostable hardening behaviour. Furthermore, in a vehicle drive experiment, it has been shown that the effective rotating frequency bandwidth can be widened from 15 km/h-25 km/h to 10 km/h-40 km/h. In addition, it is confirmed that the centrifugal effects can improve the harvester performance, producing a mean power of 61 μW at a driving speed of 40 km/h, and this is achieved by stabilising the high-energy orbit oscillations of the rotational harvester.

LanguageEnglish
Article number143901
Number of pages5
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Volume112
Issue number14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Apr 2018

Fingerprint

tires
Harvesters
Energy harvesting
Tires
Orbits
orbits
oscillations
bandwidth
Bandwidth
energy
automobiles
Kinetic energy
hardening
Hardening
stiffness
vehicles
kinetic energy
Stiffness
Experiments

Keywords

  • elasticity
  • rotational dynamics
  • kinematics
  • mechanical systems
  • mechanical testing
  • optical bistability

Cite this

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title = "Stabilising high energy orbit oscillations by the utilisation of centrifugal effects for rotating-tyre-induced energy harvesting",
abstract = "Nonlinear energy harvesters are frequently considered in preference to linear devices because they can potentially overcome the narrow frequency bandwidth limitations inherent to linear variants however, the possibility of variable harvesting efficiency is raised for the nonlinear case. This paper proposes a rotational energy harvester which may be fitted into an automobile tyre, with the advantage that it may broaden the rotating frequency bandwidth and simultaneously stabilise high-energy orbit oscillations. By consideration of the centrifugal effects due to rotation, the overall restoring force will potentially be increased for a cantilever implemented within the harvester, and this manifests as an increase in its equivalent elastic stiffness. In addition, this study reveals that the initial potential well barriers become as shallow as those for a bistable system. When the rotational frequency increases beyond an identifiable boundary frequency, the system transforms into one with a potential barrier of a typical monostable system. On this basis, the inter-well motion of the bistable system can provide sufficient kinetic energy so that the cantilever maintains its high-energy orbit oscillation for monostable hardening behaviour. Furthermore, in a vehicle drive experiment, it has been shown that the effective rotating frequency bandwidth can be widened from 15 km/h-25 km/h to 10 km/h-40 km/h. In addition, it is confirmed that the centrifugal effects can improve the harvester performance, producing a mean power of 61 μW at a driving speed of 40 km/h, and this is achieved by stabilising the high-energy orbit oscillations of the rotational harvester.",
keywords = "elasticity, rotational dynamics, kinematics, mechanical systems, mechanical testing, optical bistability",
author = "Yunshun Zhang and Rencheng Zheng and Kimihiko Nakano and Cartmell, {Matthew P.}",
note = "This article may be downloaded for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the author and AIP Publishing. The following article appeared in Zhang, Y, Zheng, R, Nakano, K & Cartmell, MP 2018, 'Stabilising high energy orbit oscillations by the utilisation of centrifugal effects for rotating-tyre-induced energy harvesting' Applied Physics Letters, vol 112, no. 14, 143901 and may be found at https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5019907.",
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Stabilising high energy orbit oscillations by the utilisation of centrifugal effects for rotating-tyre-induced energy harvesting. / Zhang, Yunshun; Zheng, Rencheng; Nakano, Kimihiko; Cartmell, Matthew P.

In: Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 112, No. 14, 143901, 02.04.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Stabilising high energy orbit oscillations by the utilisation of centrifugal effects for rotating-tyre-induced energy harvesting

AU - Zhang, Yunshun

AU - Zheng, Rencheng

AU - Nakano, Kimihiko

AU - Cartmell, Matthew P.

N1 - This article may be downloaded for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the author and AIP Publishing. The following article appeared in Zhang, Y, Zheng, R, Nakano, K & Cartmell, MP 2018, 'Stabilising high energy orbit oscillations by the utilisation of centrifugal effects for rotating-tyre-induced energy harvesting' Applied Physics Letters, vol 112, no. 14, 143901 and may be found at https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5019907.

PY - 2018/4/2

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N2 - Nonlinear energy harvesters are frequently considered in preference to linear devices because they can potentially overcome the narrow frequency bandwidth limitations inherent to linear variants however, the possibility of variable harvesting efficiency is raised for the nonlinear case. This paper proposes a rotational energy harvester which may be fitted into an automobile tyre, with the advantage that it may broaden the rotating frequency bandwidth and simultaneously stabilise high-energy orbit oscillations. By consideration of the centrifugal effects due to rotation, the overall restoring force will potentially be increased for a cantilever implemented within the harvester, and this manifests as an increase in its equivalent elastic stiffness. In addition, this study reveals that the initial potential well barriers become as shallow as those for a bistable system. When the rotational frequency increases beyond an identifiable boundary frequency, the system transforms into one with a potential barrier of a typical monostable system. On this basis, the inter-well motion of the bistable system can provide sufficient kinetic energy so that the cantilever maintains its high-energy orbit oscillation for monostable hardening behaviour. Furthermore, in a vehicle drive experiment, it has been shown that the effective rotating frequency bandwidth can be widened from 15 km/h-25 km/h to 10 km/h-40 km/h. In addition, it is confirmed that the centrifugal effects can improve the harvester performance, producing a mean power of 61 μW at a driving speed of 40 km/h, and this is achieved by stabilising the high-energy orbit oscillations of the rotational harvester.

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KW - kinematics

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