Spontaneous opto-mechanical structures in cold atomic gases

E. Tesio, G.R.M. Robb, T. Ackemann, P. Gomes, A. Arnold, W.J. Firth, G.L. Oppo, G. Labeyrie, R. Kaïser

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution book

Abstract

We theoretically, numerically and experimentally investigate spontaneous transverse instabilities in cold atomic gases, arising from the action of dispersive light forces. Previous research focused on pattern-forming instabilities in hot gases where optical nonlinearities arise from the internal structure of the atoms and spatio-temporal structures are encoded in the populations and coherences of the medium. Dipole forces acting on the center-of-mass of laser-cooled atoms, being dependent on gradients of the optical intensity, are also nonlinear in nature: previous studies focused, for instance, on beam filamentation [1]. Here we investigate the situation where a positive feedback loop is present in the system leading to a pattern-forming instability. We stress that the resulting spatial structures are encoded also in the spatial density distribution, effectively leading to the self-assembly of an optical atomic lattice.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2013 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe and International Quantum Electronics Conference, CLEO/Europe-IQEC 2013
PublisherIEEE
Number of pages1
ISBN (Print)9781479905935
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2013

Fingerprint

cold gas
monatomic gases
positive feedback
high temperature gases
center of mass
atoms
density distribution
self assembly
nonlinearity
dipoles
gradients
lasers

Keywords

  • self-assembly
  • laser cooling
  • optical feedback
  • optical lattices
  • opto-mechanical structures
  • cold atomic gases

Cite this

Tesio, E., Robb, G. R. M., Ackemann, T., Gomes, P., Arnold, A., Firth, W. J., ... Kaïser, R. (2013). Spontaneous opto-mechanical structures in cold atomic gases. In 2013 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe and International Quantum Electronics Conference, CLEO/Europe-IQEC 2013 IEEE. https://doi.org/10.1109/CLEOE-IQEC.2013.6801810
Tesio, E. ; Robb, G.R.M. ; Ackemann, T. ; Gomes, P. ; Arnold, A. ; Firth, W.J. ; Oppo, G.L. ; Labeyrie, G. ; Kaïser, R. / Spontaneous opto-mechanical structures in cold atomic gases. 2013 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe and International Quantum Electronics Conference, CLEO/Europe-IQEC 2013. IEEE, 2013.
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Tesio, E, Robb, GRM, Ackemann, T, Gomes, P, Arnold, A, Firth, WJ, Oppo, GL, Labeyrie, G & Kaïser, R 2013, Spontaneous opto-mechanical structures in cold atomic gases. in 2013 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe and International Quantum Electronics Conference, CLEO/Europe-IQEC 2013. IEEE. https://doi.org/10.1109/CLEOE-IQEC.2013.6801810

Spontaneous opto-mechanical structures in cold atomic gases. / Tesio, E.; Robb, G.R.M.; Ackemann, T.; Gomes, P. ; Arnold, A.; Firth, W.J.; Oppo, G.L.; Labeyrie, G.; Kaïser, R.

2013 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe and International Quantum Electronics Conference, CLEO/Europe-IQEC 2013. IEEE, 2013.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution book

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AU - Kaïser, R.

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N2 - We theoretically, numerically and experimentally investigate spontaneous transverse instabilities in cold atomic gases, arising from the action of dispersive light forces. Previous research focused on pattern-forming instabilities in hot gases where optical nonlinearities arise from the internal structure of the atoms and spatio-temporal structures are encoded in the populations and coherences of the medium. Dipole forces acting on the center-of-mass of laser-cooled atoms, being dependent on gradients of the optical intensity, are also nonlinear in nature: previous studies focused, for instance, on beam filamentation [1]. Here we investigate the situation where a positive feedback loop is present in the system leading to a pattern-forming instability. We stress that the resulting spatial structures are encoded also in the spatial density distribution, effectively leading to the self-assembly of an optical atomic lattice.

AB - We theoretically, numerically and experimentally investigate spontaneous transverse instabilities in cold atomic gases, arising from the action of dispersive light forces. Previous research focused on pattern-forming instabilities in hot gases where optical nonlinearities arise from the internal structure of the atoms and spatio-temporal structures are encoded in the populations and coherences of the medium. Dipole forces acting on the center-of-mass of laser-cooled atoms, being dependent on gradients of the optical intensity, are also nonlinear in nature: previous studies focused, for instance, on beam filamentation [1]. Here we investigate the situation where a positive feedback loop is present in the system leading to a pattern-forming instability. We stress that the resulting spatial structures are encoded also in the spatial density distribution, effectively leading to the self-assembly of an optical atomic lattice.

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Tesio E, Robb GRM, Ackemann T, Gomes P, Arnold A, Firth WJ et al. Spontaneous opto-mechanical structures in cold atomic gases. In 2013 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe and International Quantum Electronics Conference, CLEO/Europe-IQEC 2013. IEEE. 2013 https://doi.org/10.1109/CLEOE-IQEC.2013.6801810