Speed effect on lower extremity biomechanics during shuttle run

S. C. Lu, C. Y. Huang, I. J. Tsai, P. C. Tsao, M. C. Guo, F. C. Su

Research output: Contribution to conferencePoster

Abstract

Shuttle run, or side-step cutting, is a common warm-up exercise for athletes. Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury was reported to occur during the single-limb support landing, such as shuttle run. There is little attention about the speed effect on lower extremity (L/E) biomechanics during shuttle run. The purpose of this study was to investigate the L/E biomechanics at two different speeds during shuttle run. A rate of 125 bpm was defined as the slow speed in this study, and 140 bpm as the fast speed. 6 young athletes without history of L/E illness were recruited. Helen Hayes marker set was adopted, and the motion capture system was used to detect the trajectories of the passive markers. Ground reaction force (GRF) was synchronously measured by a force plate. The period of foot contact with force plate was divided into weight acceptance phase and pushing phase. The results showed the significant higher vertical GRF at fast speed in the pushing phase (p=0.04). Less knee flexion angle was also demonstrated at the rate of 140 bpm. Higher GRF and less knee flexion were reported as risk factors for ACL injury. Therefore, speed effect on L/E biomechanics during shuttle run should be taken into consideration to prevent ACL injury.
Original languageEnglish
Pages1808-1810
Number of pages3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009
EventThe 11th World Congress on Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering - Munich, Germany
Duration: 7 Sep 200912 Sep 2009

Conference

ConferenceThe 11th World Congress on Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering
CountryGermany
CityMunich
Period7/09/0912/09/09

Fingerprint

Biomechanics
Ligaments
Landing
Trajectories

Keywords

  • biomechanics
  • speed
  • shuttle run

Cite this

Lu, S. C., Huang, C. Y., Tsai, I. J., Tsao, P. C., Guo, M. C., & Su, F. C. (2009). Speed effect on lower extremity biomechanics during shuttle run. 1808-1810. Poster session presented at The 11th World Congress on Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering, Munich, Germany. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-03882-2_480
Lu, S. C. ; Huang, C. Y. ; Tsai, I. J. ; Tsao, P. C. ; Guo, M. C. ; Su, F. C. / Speed effect on lower extremity biomechanics during shuttle run. Poster session presented at The 11th World Congress on Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering, Munich, Germany.3 p.
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abstract = "Shuttle run, or side-step cutting, is a common warm-up exercise for athletes. Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury was reported to occur during the single-limb support landing, such as shuttle run. There is little attention about the speed effect on lower extremity (L/E) biomechanics during shuttle run. The purpose of this study was to investigate the L/E biomechanics at two different speeds during shuttle run. A rate of 125 bpm was defined as the slow speed in this study, and 140 bpm as the fast speed. 6 young athletes without history of L/E illness were recruited. Helen Hayes marker set was adopted, and the motion capture system was used to detect the trajectories of the passive markers. Ground reaction force (GRF) was synchronously measured by a force plate. The period of foot contact with force plate was divided into weight acceptance phase and pushing phase. The results showed the significant higher vertical GRF at fast speed in the pushing phase (p=0.04). Less knee flexion angle was also demonstrated at the rate of 140 bpm. Higher GRF and less knee flexion were reported as risk factors for ACL injury. Therefore, speed effect on L/E biomechanics during shuttle run should be taken into consideration to prevent ACL injury.",
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Lu, SC, Huang, CY, Tsai, IJ, Tsao, PC, Guo, MC & Su, FC 2009, 'Speed effect on lower extremity biomechanics during shuttle run' The 11th World Congress on Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering, Munich, Germany, 7/09/09 - 12/09/09, pp. 1808-1810. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-03882-2_480

Speed effect on lower extremity biomechanics during shuttle run. / Lu, S. C.; Huang, C. Y.; Tsai, I. J.; Tsao, P. C.; Guo, M. C.; Su, F. C.

2009. 1808-1810 Poster session presented at The 11th World Congress on Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering, Munich, Germany.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePoster

TY - CONF

T1 - Speed effect on lower extremity biomechanics during shuttle run

AU - Lu, S. C.

AU - Huang, C. Y.

AU - Tsai, I. J.

AU - Tsao, P. C.

AU - Guo, M. C.

AU - Su, F. C.

PY - 2009

Y1 - 2009

N2 - Shuttle run, or side-step cutting, is a common warm-up exercise for athletes. Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury was reported to occur during the single-limb support landing, such as shuttle run. There is little attention about the speed effect on lower extremity (L/E) biomechanics during shuttle run. The purpose of this study was to investigate the L/E biomechanics at two different speeds during shuttle run. A rate of 125 bpm was defined as the slow speed in this study, and 140 bpm as the fast speed. 6 young athletes without history of L/E illness were recruited. Helen Hayes marker set was adopted, and the motion capture system was used to detect the trajectories of the passive markers. Ground reaction force (GRF) was synchronously measured by a force plate. The period of foot contact with force plate was divided into weight acceptance phase and pushing phase. The results showed the significant higher vertical GRF at fast speed in the pushing phase (p=0.04). Less knee flexion angle was also demonstrated at the rate of 140 bpm. Higher GRF and less knee flexion were reported as risk factors for ACL injury. Therefore, speed effect on L/E biomechanics during shuttle run should be taken into consideration to prevent ACL injury.

AB - Shuttle run, or side-step cutting, is a common warm-up exercise for athletes. Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury was reported to occur during the single-limb support landing, such as shuttle run. There is little attention about the speed effect on lower extremity (L/E) biomechanics during shuttle run. The purpose of this study was to investigate the L/E biomechanics at two different speeds during shuttle run. A rate of 125 bpm was defined as the slow speed in this study, and 140 bpm as the fast speed. 6 young athletes without history of L/E illness were recruited. Helen Hayes marker set was adopted, and the motion capture system was used to detect the trajectories of the passive markers. Ground reaction force (GRF) was synchronously measured by a force plate. The period of foot contact with force plate was divided into weight acceptance phase and pushing phase. The results showed the significant higher vertical GRF at fast speed in the pushing phase (p=0.04). Less knee flexion angle was also demonstrated at the rate of 140 bpm. Higher GRF and less knee flexion were reported as risk factors for ACL injury. Therefore, speed effect on L/E biomechanics during shuttle run should be taken into consideration to prevent ACL injury.

KW - biomechanics

KW - speed

KW - shuttle run

U2 - 10.1007/978-3-642-03882-2_480

DO - 10.1007/978-3-642-03882-2_480

M3 - Poster

SP - 1808

EP - 1810

ER -

Lu SC, Huang CY, Tsai IJ, Tsao PC, Guo MC, Su FC. Speed effect on lower extremity biomechanics during shuttle run. 2009. Poster session presented at The 11th World Congress on Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering, Munich, Germany. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-03882-2_480