Solidification and storage of CO2 captured on ships - feasibility analysis through experiment, simulation and case studies

Haibin Wang, Peilin Zhou, Zhongcheng Wang

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Abstract

The concerns about global climate change are growing year and year and carbon capture on ships is an excellent solution to global warming. To meet the IMO target of 20% CO2 reduction from shipping by 2020, solidification of CO2 separated from engine exhaust had been proposed and tested by the authors as an effective way to mitigate the CO2 emission while other low carbon shipping technologies being developed. After a comprehensive literature review on onshore CCS methods, mechanically implemented current carbon capture and storage technologies on ships is not practical because there are various limitations on practical application on ships. In this paper, a novel chemical CO2 absorption and solidification method for CO2 storage onboard is proposed, presented and analyzed. Technical feasibility with principles explanation and cost assessment are carried out for a selected case ship with a comparison of proposed method and liquefaction methods. This paper presents results obtained from laboratory experiment and CFD simulations including key factors that affect the absorption rate, such as the geometry of reaction tank, flow rate of gas input and concentration of alkaline solution. Case study and laboratory experiment have indicated that the proposed CO2 solidification method is a promising, cost effective and practical feasible method for carbon emission reduction on ships.
LanguageEnglish
Number of pages11
Publication statusPublished - 18 Jul 2016
Event2016 International Conference on Maritime Technology - Harbin, China
Duration: 16 Jul 201618 Jul 2016

Conference

Conference2016 International Conference on Maritime Technology
Abbreviated titleICMT2016
CountryChina
CityHarbin
Period16/07/1618/07/16

Fingerprint

Solidification
Ships
Carbon capture
Freight transportation
Experiments
Exhaust systems (engine)
Carbon
Global warming
Liquefaction
Climate change
Costs
Computational fluid dynamics
Flow rate
Geometry
Gases

Keywords

  • carbon emission control
  • numerical simulation
  • laboratory experiment

Cite this

Wang, H., Zhou, P., & Wang, Z. (2016). Solidification and storage of CO2 captured on ships - feasibility analysis through experiment, simulation and case studies. Paper presented at 2016 International Conference on Maritime Technology, Harbin, China.
Wang, Haibin ; Zhou, Peilin ; Wang, Zhongcheng. / Solidification and storage of CO2 captured on ships - feasibility analysis through experiment, simulation and case studies. Paper presented at 2016 International Conference on Maritime Technology, Harbin, China.11 p.
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Wang, H, Zhou, P & Wang, Z 2016, 'Solidification and storage of CO2 captured on ships - feasibility analysis through experiment, simulation and case studies' Paper presented at 2016 International Conference on Maritime Technology, Harbin, China, 16/07/16 - 18/07/16, .

Solidification and storage of CO2 captured on ships - feasibility analysis through experiment, simulation and case studies. / Wang, Haibin; Zhou, Peilin; Wang, Zhongcheng.

2016. Paper presented at 2016 International Conference on Maritime Technology, Harbin, China.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

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AU - Zhou, Peilin

AU - Wang, Zhongcheng

PY - 2016/7/18

Y1 - 2016/7/18

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AB - The concerns about global climate change are growing year and year and carbon capture on ships is an excellent solution to global warming. To meet the IMO target of 20% CO2 reduction from shipping by 2020, solidification of CO2 separated from engine exhaust had been proposed and tested by the authors as an effective way to mitigate the CO2 emission while other low carbon shipping technologies being developed. After a comprehensive literature review on onshore CCS methods, mechanically implemented current carbon capture and storage technologies on ships is not practical because there are various limitations on practical application on ships. In this paper, a novel chemical CO2 absorption and solidification method for CO2 storage onboard is proposed, presented and analyzed. Technical feasibility with principles explanation and cost assessment are carried out for a selected case ship with a comparison of proposed method and liquefaction methods. This paper presents results obtained from laboratory experiment and CFD simulations including key factors that affect the absorption rate, such as the geometry of reaction tank, flow rate of gas input and concentration of alkaline solution. Case study and laboratory experiment have indicated that the proposed CO2 solidification method is a promising, cost effective and practical feasible method for carbon emission reduction on ships.

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Wang H, Zhou P, Wang Z. Solidification and storage of CO2 captured on ships - feasibility analysis through experiment, simulation and case studies. 2016. Paper presented at 2016 International Conference on Maritime Technology, Harbin, China.