Solar sail capture trajectories at Mercury

Malcolm Macdonald, Colin McInnes

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

7 Citations (Scopus)
39 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Mercury is an ideal environment for future planetary exploration by solar sail since it has proved difficult to reach with conventional propulsion and hence remains largely unexplored. In addition, its proximity to the Sun provides a solar sail acceleration of order ten times the sail characteristic acceleration at 1 AU. Conventional capture techniques are shown to be unsuitable for solar sails and a new method is presented. It is shown that capture is bound by upper and lower limits on the orbital elements of the approach orbit and that failure to be within limits results in a catastrophic collision with the planet. These limits are presented for a range of capture inclinations and sail characteristic accelerations. It is found that sail hyperbolic excess velocity is a critical parameter during capture at Mercury, with only a narrow allowed band in order to avoid collision with the planet. The new capture methodis demonstrated for a Mercury sample return mission.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the AIAA/AAS Astrodynamics Specialist Conference and Exhibit
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - 2002

Fingerprint

Trajectories
Planets
Solar sails
Sun
Propulsion
Orbits

Keywords

  • solar sails
  • propulsion systems
  • space travel
  • planets

Cite this

Macdonald, M., & McInnes, C. (2002). Solar sail capture trajectories at Mercury. In Proceedings of the AIAA/AAS Astrodynamics Specialist Conference and Exhibit
Macdonald, Malcolm ; McInnes, Colin. / Solar sail capture trajectories at Mercury. Proceedings of the AIAA/AAS Astrodynamics Specialist Conference and Exhibit. 2002.
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Macdonald, M & McInnes, C 2002, Solar sail capture trajectories at Mercury. in Proceedings of the AIAA/AAS Astrodynamics Specialist Conference and Exhibit.

Solar sail capture trajectories at Mercury. / Macdonald, Malcolm; McInnes, Colin.

Proceedings of the AIAA/AAS Astrodynamics Specialist Conference and Exhibit. 2002.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

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AU - McInnes, Colin

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AB - Mercury is an ideal environment for future planetary exploration by solar sail since it has proved difficult to reach with conventional propulsion and hence remains largely unexplored. In addition, its proximity to the Sun provides a solar sail acceleration of order ten times the sail characteristic acceleration at 1 AU. Conventional capture techniques are shown to be unsuitable for solar sails and a new method is presented. It is shown that capture is bound by upper and lower limits on the orbital elements of the approach orbit and that failure to be within limits results in a catastrophic collision with the planet. These limits are presented for a range of capture inclinations and sail characteristic accelerations. It is found that sail hyperbolic excess velocity is a critical parameter during capture at Mercury, with only a narrow allowed band in order to avoid collision with the planet. The new capture methodis demonstrated for a Mercury sample return mission.

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KW - propulsion systems

KW - space travel

KW - planets

M3 - Chapter

BT - Proceedings of the AIAA/AAS Astrodynamics Specialist Conference and Exhibit

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Macdonald M, McInnes C. Solar sail capture trajectories at Mercury. In Proceedings of the AIAA/AAS Astrodynamics Specialist Conference and Exhibit. 2002