Sodium-mediated magnesiation of thiophene and tetrahydrothiophene: structural contrasts with furan and tetrahydrofuran

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Abstract

Sulfur-containing heterocycles are currently attracting agreat deal of interest in several diverse fields. For instance, substituted tetrahydrothiophenes have received considerable attention due to their extremely wide-ranging chemical and biological applications.These include their use as potent a-glucosidase inhibitors, as an inhibitor of copper amine oxidases and as selective A3 agonists and antagonists. In addition, they have been utilised in chemical transformations, such as catalytic asymmetric epoxidation, catalytic intramolecular cyclopropanation, and asymmetric metal catalysis hydrogenation. From a nanochemical perspective,the adsorption chemistries and physical propertiesof various thiophenes and tetrahydrothiophenes on gold surfaces have recently come to the fore.[7] Polythiophenes are also key compounds in modern materials research, currently utilised in, for example, the fabrication of semi-conducting, fluorescent, and electronic and optoelectronic materials.[8]In this work, metallation (exchange of a hydrogen atom with a metal atom) of the parent heterocycles, tetrahydrothiophene (THT) and thiophene is considered. Metallation is one of the most fundamental reactions in modern day synthesis and is a key tool in the preparation of functionalised aromaticand heterocyclic compounds. It is usually achieved bythe utilisation of commercially accessible organolithiums (or lithium amides); however, these reactions do have theirdrawbacks, including the intolerance of certain functionalgroups, the need for cryoscopic temperatures and the inadvertent reactivity with polar reaction solvents.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8600-8604
Number of pages4
JournalChemistry - A European Journal
Volume16
Issue number29
Early online date29 Jul 2010
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Aug 2010

Keywords

  • magnesiation
  • thiophene
  • tetrahydrothiophene
  • furan
  • tetrahydrofuran

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