SODA - The principles

Colin Eden, Fran Ackermann

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


The SODA method is an approach which is designed to provide consultants with a set of skills, a framework for designing problem solving interventions and a set of techniques and tools to help their clients work with messy problems. These problems are likely to be those that demand and ability to use model building to help work with both quantitative and qualitative aspects of the problem. It is an approach that aims to encourage the consultant to bring together two skills. Firstly, the skills of a facilitator of the processes involved in helping a problem solving team to work toegether efficiently and effectively in reaching workable - politically feasible - agreements. Secondly, the skill to construct a model of, and pooropriately analyse, the content - interconnected issues, problems, strategies and options - which members of the team wish to address. The process management issues are not taken as independent of the content management issues. Rather, each aspect informs the way in which the other skill is best utilized (Eden, 1990).
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationRational Analysis for a Problematic World Revisited
Subtitle of host publicationProblem Structuring Methods for Complexity, Uncertainty, and Conflict
EditorsJonathan Rosenhead, John Mingers
Place of PublicationChichester
PublisherJohn Wiley & Sons Inc.
Number of pages20
ISBN (Print)9780471495239
Publication statusPublished - 17 Oct 2001


  • SODA
  • strategic options development and analysis
  • problem solving

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