Soziale netzwerke und jobfindung von hochschulabsolventen—die bedeutung des netzwerktyps für monetäre arbeitsmarkterträge und ausbildungsadäquatheit

Translated title of the contribution: Social networks and tertiary graduates' job search: the impact of network type on monetary returns and job adequacy

Felix Weiss, Markus Klein

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Abstract

This article investigates the effect in terms of vocational advantages of the use of social capital in searching for a job among recent graduates of higher education in Germany. In contrast to previous studies, we extend the analysis and distinguish between different types of networks that are used in job searches. In accordance with the literature that concentrates on the impact of social capital as a resource per se, our findings do not indicate any effects on monetary returns. However, in contrast to Franzen & Hangartner (2005, 2006) we also do not find any positive effects on job adequacy. Finding jobs via social networks even increases the risk of overqualification. The differentiation of social capital into various types of network contacts, such as those established while working during one's studies or via parents and friends, leads to a fundamentally different picture: the impact of social networks on job characteristics depends to a large extent on the type of network contacts and on the type of outcome under consideration. Hence, we conclude that there is no homogeneous effect of social capital on labor market outcomes, in particular in the case of graduates of higher education. Studies which explore the heterogeneous effects of networks that offer access to different kinds of resources promise to be more conclusive.
Original languageGerman
Pages (from-to)228-245
Number of pages18
JournalZeitschrift für Soziologie
Volume40
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Jun 2011

Fingerprint

job search
social network
graduate
social capital
contact
job characteristics
resources
education
parents
labor market

Keywords

  • social capital
  • network types
  • labour market entry
  • graduates
  • origin effects
  • overqualification
  • replication study
  • HIS panel
  • professional income

Cite this

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title = "Soziale netzwerke und jobfindung von hochschulabsolventen—die bedeutung des netzwerktyps f{\"u}r monet{\"a}re arbeitsmarktertr{\"a}ge und ausbildungsad{\"a}quatheit",
abstract = "This article investigates the effect in terms of vocational advantages of the use of social capital in searching for a job among recent graduates of higher education in Germany. In contrast to previous studies, we extend the analysis and distinguish between different types of networks that are used in job searches. In accordance with the literature that concentrates on the impact of social capital as a resource per se, our findings do not indicate any effects on monetary returns. However, in contrast to Franzen & Hangartner (2005, 2006) we also do not find any positive effects on job adequacy. Finding jobs via social networks even increases the risk of overqualification. The differentiation of social capital into various types of network contacts, such as those established while working during one's studies or via parents and friends, leads to a fundamentally different picture: the impact of social networks on job characteristics depends to a large extent on the type of network contacts and on the type of outcome under consideration. Hence, we conclude that there is no homogeneous effect of social capital on labor market outcomes, in particular in the case of graduates of higher education. Studies which explore the heterogeneous effects of networks that offer access to different kinds of resources promise to be more conclusive.",
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