Sozial erwünschtes Antwortverhalten bezüglich der Teilung häuslicher Arbeit: die Interaktion von Interviewergeschlecht und Befragtenmerkmalen in Telefoninterviews

Translated title of the contribution: Social desirability and response bias in case of the division of household labour: the interaction between gender of the interviewer and respondent characteristics in telephone interviews

Markus Klein, Michael Kühhirt

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Abstract

In this paper we examine the impact of the interviewer’s gender on respondents’ self-reported share of housework in telephone interviews. Due to a discrepancy between modern, egalitarian gender roles dominating public discussion and men’s marginal participation in housework we expect male respondents to answer in a socially desirable way and exaggerate their share of housework vis à vis female interviewers. At the same time, we assume that female respondents underreport their contribution to the couple’s housework to female interviewers. The effects of the interviewer’s gender should be less strong in case of female respondents than in case of male respondents, though. Additionally, theory suggests that young and educated respondents are particularly susceptible to effects of the interviewer’s gender as they are most aware of egalitarian gender roles due to their socialization and environment. For male respondents the results are largely consistent with the expectations. However, the effect of the interviewer’s gender varies stronger by age than by education. Regarding female respondents the results do not indicate any significant effects across age groups and educational degrees. Overall, the results show that social desirability may also bias self-reports of everyday behaviour. Moreover, interviewer effects vary considerably between different social groups.
Translated title of the contributionSocial desirability and response bias in case of the division of household labour: the interaction between gender of the interviewer and respondent characteristics in telephone interviews
Original languageGerman
Pages (from-to)79-104
Number of pages26
JournalMethoden-Daten-Analysen
Volume4
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 23 Nov 2010

Keywords

  • social desirability
  • response bias
  • household labour
  • gender
  • interviewer
  • telephone interviews
  • egalitarian gender roles

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