Single-mother families and the gender gap in children’s time investment and non-cognitive skills

Letizia Mencarini, Silvia Pasqua, Agnese Romiti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)
7 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

This paper analyzes the role of family structure in the gender gap in children’s time investment in studying and non-cognitive skills. We focus on Italy, a country that, similar to many other OECD countries, is experiencing both an increasing number of single-parent families (most of which are headed by mothers) and an increasing gender gap in children’s cognitive and non-cognitive outcomes. By using a difference-in-differences specification comparing children’s outcomes in single- vs. two-parent families for boys compared to girls, we analyze the differential effect across gender of living with a single mother on both the amount of time spent studying and the amount of effort put into studying. Our analysis suggests that living in a single-mother family has a more detrimental effect on boys, though all children —regardless of gender—receive fewer parental inputs if they live with a single mother. The greater detrimental effect of living with a single mother for boys seems to be driven by less educated, less well-off families or families with working mothers.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages28
JournalReview of Economics of the Household
Early online date24 Aug 2017
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 24 Aug 2017

Fingerprint

gender
single parent family
family structure
OECD
time
Gender gap
Single mothers
parents
Italy
Gender effects
Family structure
Difference-in-differences
Single parents
OECD countries

Keywords

  • children time investment
  • non-cognative skill
  • single mother families

Cite this

Mencarini, Letizia ; Pasqua, Silvia ; Romiti, Agnese. / Single-mother families and the gender gap in children’s time investment and non-cognitive skills. In: Review of Economics of the Household. 2017.
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Single-mother families and the gender gap in children’s time investment and non-cognitive skills. / Mencarini, Letizia ; Pasqua, Silvia; Romiti, Agnese.

In: Review of Economics of the Household, 24.08.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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