Simultaneous monitoring of the destruction of stearic acid and generation of carbon dioxide by self-cleaning semiconductor photocatalytic films

A. Mills, Jishun S. Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

148 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The destruction of stearic acid (SA), the SA test, is a popular approach used to evaluate the activities of photocatalytic films. The destruction of SA via semiconductor photocatalysis is monitored simultaneously, using FT-IR spectroscopy, via the disappearance of SA and the appearance of CO2. Sol-gel and P25 films of titania are used as the semiconductor photocatalytic self-cleaning films. A conversion factor is used of 9.7 × 1015 molecules of SA cm−2 ≡ 1 cm−1 integrated areas of the peaks in the FT-IR of SA over the range 2700-3000 cm−1, which is three times that reported previously by others. As the SA disappeared the concomitant amount of CO2 generated was >90% that expected throughout the photomineralisation process for the sol-gel titania film. In contrast, the slightly more active, and scattering, P25 titania films generated CO2 levels that dipped as low as 69% during the course of the photoreaction, but eventually recovered to 100% that expected based on the amount of SA present. The importance of these results with respect to SA test and the evaluation of new and existing self-cleaning films are discussed briefly.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)181-186
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry
Volume182
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31 Aug 2006

Keywords

  • stearic acid
  • semiconductor photocatalysis
  • FT-IR
  • carbon dioxide

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