Simulation study of FACTS devices based on AC-AC modular multilevel hexagonal chopper

Peng Li, Grain P. Adam, Derrick Holliday, Stephen J. Finney, Barry W. Williams

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1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper proposes a new range of FACTS device based on direct AC-AC conversion, where the modular multilevel AC hexagonal chopper (M2AHC) is employed. The M2AHC is operated in quasitwo-level (Q2L) mode; and the heterodyne modulation is used to decouple voltage amplitude regulation from the phase shift; thus, independent control of active and reactive power is achieved. Then, a family of FACTS devices based on M2AHC that offers voltage, active power and reactive power flow control as both shunt and series compensators is analyzed. The use of AC cell capacitors instead of DC capacitors in M2AHC makes its footprint much smaller and lighter than conventional AC-DC or DC-AC voltage source converter (VSC) based FACTS devices; hence, high reliability and extended service life could be expected. The system modeling and controller design of the proposed FACTS devices are illustrated in a unified reference frame, considering different control modes, transient and unbalanced conditions. Simulation results are used to verify the feasibility of the proposed M2AHC based FACTS device. These FACTS devices will be preferred over conventional counterpart for confined spaced applications such as the grid access of large-scale offshore wind farms and resolution of loop flow in megacities.
LanguageEnglish
JournalIET Power Electronics
Early online date6 Mar 2017
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 6 Mar 2017

Fingerprint

Reactive power
Electric potential
Capacitors
Offshore wind farms
Flow control
Phase shift
Power control
Service life
Flexible AC transmission systems
Modulation
Controllers

Keywords

  • FACTS devices
  • AC-AC conversion
  • modular multilevel AC hexagonal chopper
  • quasitwo-level mode
  • heterodyne modulation
  • control modes
  • flexible AC transmission system devices
  • voltage source converter
  • static synchronous series compensator
  • unified power flow controller

Cite this

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title = "Simulation study of FACTS devices based on AC-AC modular multilevel hexagonal chopper",
abstract = "This paper proposes a new range of FACTS device based on direct AC-AC conversion, where the modular multilevel AC hexagonal chopper (M2AHC) is employed. The M2AHC is operated in quasitwo-level (Q2L) mode; and the heterodyne modulation is used to decouple voltage amplitude regulation from the phase shift; thus, independent control of active and reactive power is achieved. Then, a family of FACTS devices based on M2AHC that offers voltage, active power and reactive power flow control as both shunt and series compensators is analyzed. The use of AC cell capacitors instead of DC capacitors in M2AHC makes its footprint much smaller and lighter than conventional AC-DC or DC-AC voltage source converter (VSC) based FACTS devices; hence, high reliability and extended service life could be expected. The system modeling and controller design of the proposed FACTS devices are illustrated in a unified reference frame, considering different control modes, transient and unbalanced conditions. Simulation results are used to verify the feasibility of the proposed M2AHC based FACTS device. These FACTS devices will be preferred over conventional counterpart for confined spaced applications such as the grid access of large-scale offshore wind farms and resolution of loop flow in megacities.",
keywords = "FACTS devices, AC-AC conversion, modular multilevel AC hexagonal chopper, quasitwo-level mode, heterodyne modulation, control modes, flexible AC transmission system devices, voltage source converter , static synchronous series compensator, unified power flow controller",
author = "Peng Li and Adam, {Grain P.} and Derrick Holliday and Finney, {Stephen J.} and Williams, {Barry W.}",
note = "This paper is a postprint of a paper submitted to and accepted for publication in IET Power Electronics and is subject to Institution of Engineering and Technology Copyright. The copy of record is available at the IET Digital Library.",
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day = "6",
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language = "English",
journal = "IET Power Electronics",
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AU - Li, Peng

AU - Adam, Grain P.

AU - Holliday, Derrick

AU - Finney, Stephen J.

AU - Williams, Barry W.

N1 - This paper is a postprint of a paper submitted to and accepted for publication in IET Power Electronics and is subject to Institution of Engineering and Technology Copyright. The copy of record is available at the IET Digital Library.

PY - 2017/3/6

Y1 - 2017/3/6

N2 - This paper proposes a new range of FACTS device based on direct AC-AC conversion, where the modular multilevel AC hexagonal chopper (M2AHC) is employed. The M2AHC is operated in quasitwo-level (Q2L) mode; and the heterodyne modulation is used to decouple voltage amplitude regulation from the phase shift; thus, independent control of active and reactive power is achieved. Then, a family of FACTS devices based on M2AHC that offers voltage, active power and reactive power flow control as both shunt and series compensators is analyzed. The use of AC cell capacitors instead of DC capacitors in M2AHC makes its footprint much smaller and lighter than conventional AC-DC or DC-AC voltage source converter (VSC) based FACTS devices; hence, high reliability and extended service life could be expected. The system modeling and controller design of the proposed FACTS devices are illustrated in a unified reference frame, considering different control modes, transient and unbalanced conditions. Simulation results are used to verify the feasibility of the proposed M2AHC based FACTS device. These FACTS devices will be preferred over conventional counterpart for confined spaced applications such as the grid access of large-scale offshore wind farms and resolution of loop flow in megacities.

AB - This paper proposes a new range of FACTS device based on direct AC-AC conversion, where the modular multilevel AC hexagonal chopper (M2AHC) is employed. The M2AHC is operated in quasitwo-level (Q2L) mode; and the heterodyne modulation is used to decouple voltage amplitude regulation from the phase shift; thus, independent control of active and reactive power is achieved. Then, a family of FACTS devices based on M2AHC that offers voltage, active power and reactive power flow control as both shunt and series compensators is analyzed. The use of AC cell capacitors instead of DC capacitors in M2AHC makes its footprint much smaller and lighter than conventional AC-DC or DC-AC voltage source converter (VSC) based FACTS devices; hence, high reliability and extended service life could be expected. The system modeling and controller design of the proposed FACTS devices are illustrated in a unified reference frame, considering different control modes, transient and unbalanced conditions. Simulation results are used to verify the feasibility of the proposed M2AHC based FACTS device. These FACTS devices will be preferred over conventional counterpart for confined spaced applications such as the grid access of large-scale offshore wind farms and resolution of loop flow in megacities.

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KW - modular multilevel AC hexagonal chopper

KW - quasitwo-level mode

KW - heterodyne modulation

KW - control modes

KW - flexible AC transmission system devices

KW - voltage source converter

KW - static synchronous series compensator

KW - unified power flow controller

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