Simulation of nonthermal plasma discharges in air and CO2 in sub-millimeter needle-plane gaps under fast-rising voltages

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Interest in the use of high voltage (HV) pulsed power technologies has grown due to the numerous fields in which these technologies have proven effective. Applications range from the development of railgun technology and plasma closing switches (PCS); to plasma medicine, pulsed electric field (PEF) treatment of foodstuffs, and air purification via pulsed plasma discharges. In such applications, the understanding of the pre-breakdown dynamics under fast-rising voltages in various gases is often critical to system design and performance. In the interests of continued component miniaturisation and for the development of novel pulsed micro-electromechanical systems, this work presents the simulation of nonthermal plasma discharges initiated in a gas-filled, 250-micrometre needle-plane electrode gap, under ramp voltages of varying rates of rise. Using the hydrodynamic approach, discharges in atmospheric air and CO2 have been modelled. The results have allowed the effects of voltage polarity and rise rate on the plasma front morphology, propagation characteristics, and plasma composition to be analysed. Differences in the evolution of the plasma front between air and CO2 have also been studied, which may help to inform the choice of gas for use in gas-insulated pulsed power systems.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 3 Oct 2022
EventThe 75th Annual Gaseous Electronics Conference - Sendai International Center, Sendai, Japan
Duration: 3 Oct 20227 Oct 2022


ConferenceThe 75th Annual Gaseous Electronics Conference
Abbreviated titleGEC
Internet address


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