Silanes/H2O2 bipropellant system and spin-off applications

B. Hidding, M. Pfitzner, D. Simone, C. Bruno

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution book

Abstract

Theoretical rocket performance calculations were carried out for systems using various silicon hydrides up to the pentasilanes as fuels in combination with 98 % pure Rocket Grade Hydrogen Peroxide (RGHP) as the oxidizing agent. Chemical equilibrium compositions in the combustion chamber, nozzle throat and nozzle exit are presented and discussed with respect to variation of the equivalence ratio. Vacuum specific impulses and chamber temperatures are given in order to evaluate the rocket performance and are compared to hydrocarbon/RGHP as well as MMH/NTO bipropellant systems. The highly positive heats of formation of silanes lead to extraordinarily good theoretical performance of the system silanes/RGHP, being superior to the two more conventional systems regarding many aspects. To a certain extent, the heats of formation are also responsible for two additional, complementary possible applications, the use of silicon hydrides as high-energy hydrogen carriers for fuel cells, as well as means to easily produce thin semi-conducting, flexible, large-area silicon films with high mobilities.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Green Propellant for Space Propulsion and 9th International Hydrogen Peroxide Propulsion Conference
Place of PublicationNoordwijk, The Netherlands
EditionSP-635
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2006
Externally publishedYes
Event3rd International Conference on Green Propellant for SpacePropulsion. In combination with the 9th International Hydrogen Peroxide Propulsion Conference - Futuroscope, Poitiers, France
Duration: 17 Sep 200620 Sep 2006

Conference

Conference3rd International Conference on Green Propellant for SpacePropulsion. In combination with the 9th International Hydrogen Peroxide Propulsion Conference
CountryFrance
CityFuturoscope, Poitiers
Period17/09/0620/09/06

Fingerprint

liquid rocket propellants
Rockets
rockets
Silanes
silanes
hydrogen peroxide
silicon
Hydrogen peroxide
grade
heat of formation
nozzles
hydrides
fuel cell
Nozzles
monomethylhydrazines
combustion
specific impulse
hydrogen
throats
hydrocarbon

Keywords

  • Bipropellant
  • Hydrogen peroxide
  • Silanes

Cite this

Hidding, B., Pfitzner, M., Simone, D., & Bruno, C. (2006). Silanes/H2O2 bipropellant system and spin-off applications. In Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Green Propellant for Space Propulsion and 9th International Hydrogen Peroxide Propulsion Conference (SP-635 ed.). Noordwijk, The Netherlands.
Hidding, B. ; Pfitzner, M. ; Simone, D. ; Bruno, C. / Silanes/H2O2 bipropellant system and spin-off applications. Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Green Propellant for Space Propulsion and 9th International Hydrogen Peroxide Propulsion Conference. SP-635. ed. Noordwijk, The Netherlands, 2006.
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Hidding, B, Pfitzner, M, Simone, D & Bruno, C 2006, Silanes/H2O2 bipropellant system and spin-off applications. in Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Green Propellant for Space Propulsion and 9th International Hydrogen Peroxide Propulsion Conference. SP-635 edn, Noordwijk, The Netherlands, 3rd International Conference on Green Propellant for SpacePropulsion. In combination with the 9th International Hydrogen Peroxide Propulsion Conference, Futuroscope, Poitiers, France, 17/09/06.

Silanes/H2O2 bipropellant system and spin-off applications. / Hidding, B.; Pfitzner, M.; Simone, D.; Bruno, C.

Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Green Propellant for Space Propulsion and 9th International Hydrogen Peroxide Propulsion Conference. SP-635. ed. Noordwijk, The Netherlands, 2006.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution book

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AU - Simone, D.

AU - Bruno, C.

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Y1 - 2006/12/1

N2 - Theoretical rocket performance calculations were carried out for systems using various silicon hydrides up to the pentasilanes as fuels in combination with 98 % pure Rocket Grade Hydrogen Peroxide (RGHP) as the oxidizing agent. Chemical equilibrium compositions in the combustion chamber, nozzle throat and nozzle exit are presented and discussed with respect to variation of the equivalence ratio. Vacuum specific impulses and chamber temperatures are given in order to evaluate the rocket performance and are compared to hydrocarbon/RGHP as well as MMH/NTO bipropellant systems. The highly positive heats of formation of silanes lead to extraordinarily good theoretical performance of the system silanes/RGHP, being superior to the two more conventional systems regarding many aspects. To a certain extent, the heats of formation are also responsible for two additional, complementary possible applications, the use of silicon hydrides as high-energy hydrogen carriers for fuel cells, as well as means to easily produce thin semi-conducting, flexible, large-area silicon films with high mobilities.

AB - Theoretical rocket performance calculations were carried out for systems using various silicon hydrides up to the pentasilanes as fuels in combination with 98 % pure Rocket Grade Hydrogen Peroxide (RGHP) as the oxidizing agent. Chemical equilibrium compositions in the combustion chamber, nozzle throat and nozzle exit are presented and discussed with respect to variation of the equivalence ratio. Vacuum specific impulses and chamber temperatures are given in order to evaluate the rocket performance and are compared to hydrocarbon/RGHP as well as MMH/NTO bipropellant systems. The highly positive heats of formation of silanes lead to extraordinarily good theoretical performance of the system silanes/RGHP, being superior to the two more conventional systems regarding many aspects. To a certain extent, the heats of formation are also responsible for two additional, complementary possible applications, the use of silicon hydrides as high-energy hydrogen carriers for fuel cells, as well as means to easily produce thin semi-conducting, flexible, large-area silicon films with high mobilities.

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Hidding B, Pfitzner M, Simone D, Bruno C. Silanes/H2O2 bipropellant system and spin-off applications. In Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Green Propellant for Space Propulsion and 9th International Hydrogen Peroxide Propulsion Conference. SP-635 ed. Noordwijk, The Netherlands. 2006