Signal amplification in electrochemical DNA biosensors using target-capturing DNA origami tiles

Paul Williamson,  Petteri Piskunen, Heini Ijäs, Adrian Butterworth, Veikko Linko, Damion K. Corrigan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)
9 Downloads (Pure)


Electrochemical DNA (e-DNA) biosensors are feasible tools for disease monitoring, with their ability to translate hybridization events between a desired nucleic acid target and a functionalized transducer, into recordable electrical signals. Such an approach provides a powerful method of sample analysis, with a strong potential to generate a rapid time to result in response to low analyte concentrations. Here we report a strategy for the amplification of electrochemical signals associated with DNA hybridization, by harnessing the programmability of the DNA origami method to construct a sandwich assay to boost charge transfer resistance (RCT) associated with target detection. This allowed for an improvement in sensor limit of detection by two-orders of magnitude compared to a conventional label-free e-DNA biosensor design and linearity for target concentrations between 10 pM – 1 nM without the requirement for probe labeling, or enzymatic support. Additionally, this sensor design proved capable of achieving a high degree of strand selectivity in a challenging DNA-rich environment. This approach serves as a practical method for addressing strict sensitivity requirements necessary for a low cost point-of-care (PoC) device.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1471-1480
Number of pages10
JournalACS Sensors
Issue number4
Early online date13 Mar 2023
Publication statusPublished - 28 Apr 2023


  • DNA nanotechnology
  • DNA hybridization
  • electrochemical impedance spectroscopy
  • antimicrobial resistance gene
  • target selectivity
  • sensitivity enhancement
  • point-of-care devices


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