Shock interactions in inviscid air and CO 2 – N 2 flows in thermochemical non-equilibrium

C. Garbacz, W. T. Maier, J. B. Scoggins, T. D. Economon, T. Magin, J. J. Alonso, M. Fossati

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


The present study aims at providing insights into shock wave interference patterns in gas flows when a mixture different than air is considered. High-energy non-equilibrium flows of air and CO 2–N 2 over a double-wedge geometry are studied numerically. The impact of freestream temperature on the non-equilibrium shock interaction patterns is investigated by simulating two different sets of freestream conditions. To this purpose, the SU2 solver has been extended to account for the conservation of chemical species as well as multiple energies and coupled to the Mutation++ library (Multicomponent Thermodynamic And Transport properties for IONized gases in C++) that provides all the necessary thermochemical properties of the mixture and chemical species. An analysis of the shock interference patterns is presented with respect to the existing taxonomy of interactions. A comparison between calorically perfect ideal gas and non-equilibrium simulations confirms that non-equilibrium effects greatly influence the shock interaction patterns. When thermochemical relaxation is considered, a type VI interaction is obtained for the CO 2-dominated flow, for both freestream temperatures of 300 K and 1000 K; for air, a type V six-shock interaction and a type VI interaction are obtained, respectively. We conclude that the increase in freestream temperature has a large impact on the shock interaction pattern of the air flow, whereas for the CO 2–N 2 flow the pattern does not change.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)239-253
Number of pages15
JournalShock Waves
Issue number3
Early online date11 May 2021
Publication statusPublished - 11 May 2021


  • inviscid hypersonic CO2 flow
  • non-equilibrium shock interaction


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