Ship product modelling

R.I. Whitfield, A.H.B. Duffy, J. Meehan, Z. Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)
439 Downloads (Pure)


This paper is a fundamental review of ship product modeling techniques with a focus on determining the state of the art, to identify any shortcomings and propose future directions. The review addresses ship product data representations, product modeling techniques and integration issues, and life phase issues. The most significant development has been the construction of the ship Standard for the Exchange of Product Data (STEP) application protocols. However, difficulty has been observed with respect to the general uptake of the standards, in particular with the application to legacy systems, often resulting in embellishments to the standards and limiting the ability to further exchange the product data. The EXPRESS modeling language is increasingly being superseded by the extensible mark-up language (XML) as a method to map the STEP data, due to its wider support throughout the information technology industry and its more obvious structure and hierarchy. The associated XML files are, however, larger than those produced using the EXPRESS language and make further demands on the already considerable storage required for the ship product model. Seamless integration between legacy applications appears to be difficult to achieve using the current technologies, which often rely on manual interaction for the translation of files. The paper concludes with a discussion of future directions that aim to either solve or alleviate these issues.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)230-245
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Ship Production
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2003


  • ships
  • design engineering
  • product modeling
  • production engineering


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