Shape grammars for innovative hybrid typological design

Dhuha Al-kazzaz, Alan Bridges, Scott Chase

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

8 Citations (Scopus)


This paper describes a new methodology of deriving innovative hybrid designs using shape grammars of heterogeneous designs. The method is detailed within three phases of shape grammars: analysis, synthesis and evaluation. In the analysis phase, the research suggests that original rules of each design component are grouped in subclass rule sets to facilitate rule choices. Additionally, adding new hybrid rules to original rules expands the options available to the grammar user. In the synthesis phase, the research adopts state labels and markers to drive the design generation. The former is implemented with a user guide grammar to ensure hybridity in the generated design, while the latter aims to ensure feasible designs. Lastly evaluation criteria are added to measure the degree of innovation of the hybrid designs. This paper describes the derivation of hybrid minaret designs from a corpus of heterogeneous traditional minaret designs.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationFuture Cities
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of the 28th Conference on Education in Computer Aided Architectural Design in Europe
EditorsGerhard Schmitt, Ludger Hovestadt, Luc Van Gool, Frédéric Bosché, Remo Burkhard, Suzanne Colemann, Jan Halatsch, Michael Hansmeyer, Silke Konsorski-Lang, Antje Kunze, Martina Sehmi-Luck
Place of PublicationZürich
Number of pages9
Publication statusPublished - 2010
EventeCAADe 2010 - ETH Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland
Duration: 15 Sep 201018 Sep 2010


ConferenceeCAADe 2010


  • shape grammar
  • parallel grammar
  • hybrid design
  • typology


Dive into the research topics of 'Shape grammars for innovative hybrid typological design'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this