The cyclic plasticity behaviour and failure mechanism of the cathode material in lithium-ion batteries urgently need to be understood due to the cyclic lithium-ion diffusion-induced stress during charging-discharging process. Many researches have focused on the shakedown and ratcheting responses of lithium-ion battery anode. However, the systematic investigation on the plasticity behaviour of lithium-ion battery cathode is still lacking. In this paper, the cyclic plasticity behaviour of LiNixMnyCozO2 electrode subjected to cyclic lithiation/delithiation under a constant mechanical load is investigated comprehensively. The shakedown, ratcheting and fatigue analyses of active layer are conducted using direct numerical techniques based on the Linear Matching Method framework, while coin cell electrochemical experiments are performed simultaneously to support the analysis. The effect of thickness of coating on the shakedown and ratcheting response is investigated, and the thickness is confirmed as a crucial parameter that can influence the battery performance. The strain-fatigue life curve is also obtained to effectively predict the life of active coating. Moreover, the numerical results reveal the existence of low cycle fatigue at the centre, and ratcheting mechanism on the edge of the cathode, which is consistent well with the experimental result.
- lithium-ion battery
- diffusion-induced stress