Shades of darkness or light? A systematic review of geographic bias in impact evaluations of electricity access

David Hamburger, Joel Jaeger, Patrick Bayer, Ryan Kennedy, Joonseok Yang, Johannes Urpelainen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Despite the growing use of impact evaluations for electrification interventions, little attention has been paid to the geographical distribution of such evaluations. This is concerning because cultural and regional differences may limit how transferable results across regions are. We undertake a systematic review of the literature and find 31 impact evaluations of electricity access in 16 countries that meet our criteria for statistical hypothesis testing of development outcomes. India accounts for a quarter of the impact evaluations. Given the large non-electrified population in India, this is still a small number, roughly comparable to Nigeria or Kenya. South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa are the most underrepresented regions. We find more positive impacts from electricity access, on average, for South Asia than for sub-Saharan Africa, which calls for greater attention to geographic bias in future impact evaluations of electrification access.
LanguageEnglish
Article number101236
Number of pages9
JournalEnergy Research and Social Science
Volume58
Early online date27 Aug 2019
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 27 Aug 2019

Fingerprint

electricity
Electricity
Geographical distribution
trend
evaluation
South Asia
India
Testing
hypothesis testing
regional difference
cultural difference
Kenya
Nigeria

Keywords

  • electricity access
  • energy poverty
  • impact evaluation
  • electrification
  • development
  • geographic distribution
  • systematic review

Cite this

Hamburger, David ; Jaeger, Joel ; Bayer, Patrick ; Kennedy, Ryan ; Yang, Joonseok ; Urpelainen, Johannes. / Shades of darkness or light? A systematic review of geographic bias in impact evaluations of electricity access. In: Energy Research and Social Science. 2019 ; Vol. 58.
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Shades of darkness or light? A systematic review of geographic bias in impact evaluations of electricity access. / Hamburger, David; Jaeger, Joel; Bayer, Patrick; Kennedy, Ryan; Yang, Joonseok ; Urpelainen, Johannes.

In: Energy Research and Social Science, Vol. 58, 101236, 31.12.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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