Sensitivity of the advanced LIGO detectors at the beginning of gravitational wave astronomy

D. V. Martynov, E. D. Hall, B. P. Abbott, R. Abbott, T. D. Abbott, C. Adams, R. X. Adhikari, R. A. Anderson, S. B. Anderson, K. Arai, M. A. Arain, S. M. Aston, L. Austin, S. W. Ballmer, M. Barbet, David Barker, B. Barr, L. Barsotti, J. Bartlett, M. A. Barton & 236 others I. Bartos, J. C. Batch, A. S. Bell, I. Belopolski, J. Bergman, J. Betzwieser, G. Billingsley, J. Birch, S. Biscans, C. Biwer, E. Black, C. D. Blair, C. Bogan, R. Bork, D. O. Bridges, A. F. Brooks, C. Celerier, G. Ciani, F. Clara, D. Cook, S. T. Countryman, M. J. Cowart, D. C. Coyne, A. Cumming, L. Cunningham, M. Damjanic, R. Dannenberg, K. Danzmann, C. F.Da Silva Costa, E. J. Daw, D. DeBra, R. T. Derosa, R. DeSalvo, K. L. Dooley, S. Doravari, J. C. Driggers, S. E. Dwyer, A. Effler, T. Etzel, M. Evans, T. M. Evans, M. Factourovich, H. Fair, D. Feldbaum, R. P. Fisher, S. Foley, M. Frede, P. Fritschel, V. V. Frolov, P. Fulda, M. Fyffe, V. Galdi, J. A. Giaime, K. D. Giardina, J. R. Gleason, R. Goetz, S. Gras, C. Gray, R. J. S. Greenhalgh, H. Grote, C. J. Guido, K. E. Gushwa, E. K. Gustafson, R. Gustafson, G. Hammond, J. Hanks, J. Hanson, T. Hardwick, G. M. Harry, J. Heefner, M. C. Heintze, A. W. Heptonstall, D. Hoak, J. Hough, A. Ivanov, K. Izumi, D.M. Jacobson, Elizabeth James, R. Jones, S. Kandhasamy, S. Karki, M. Kasprzack, S. Kaufer, K. Kawabe, W. Kells, N. Kijbunchoo, E. J. King, P. J. King, D. L. Kinzel, J. S. Kissel, K. Kokeyama, W. Z. Korth, G. Kuehn, P. Kwee, M. Landry, B. Lantz, A. Le Roux, B. M. Levine, J. B. Lewis, V. Lhuillier, N. A. Lockerbie, M. Lormand, M. J. Lubinski, A. P. Lundgren, T. Macdonald, M. MacInnis, D. M. Macleod, M. Mageswaran, K. Mailand, S. Márka, Z. Márka, A. S. Markosyan, E. Maros, I. W. Martin, R. M. Martin, J. N. Marx, K. Mason, T. J. Massinger, F. Matichard, N. Mavalvala, R. McCarthy, D. E. McClelland, S. McCormick, G. McIntyre, J. McIver, E. L. Merilh, M. S. Meyer, P. M. Meyers, J. Miller, R. Mittleman, G. Moreno, C. L. Mueller, G. Mueller, A. Mullavey, J. Munch, L. K. Nuttall, J. Oberling, J. O'Dell, P. Oppermann, Richard J. Oram, B. O'Reilly, C. Osthelder, D. J. Ottaway, H. Overmier, J. R. Palamos, H. R. Paris, W. Parker, Z. Patrick, A. Pele, S. Penn, M. Phelps, M. Pickenpack, V. Pierro, I. Pinto, J. Poeld, M. Principe, L. Prokhorov, O. Puncken, V. Quetschke, E. A. Quintero, F. J. Raab, H. Radkins, P. Raffai, C. R. Ramet, C. M. Reed, S. Reid, D. H. Reitze, N. A. Robertson, J. G. Rollins, V. J. Roma, J. H. Romie, S. Rowan, K. Ryan, T. Sadecki, E. J. Sanchez, V. Sandberg, M. V. Sannibale, R. L. Savage, R. M. S. Schofield, B. Schultz, P. Schwinberg, D. Sellers, A. Sevigny, D. A. Shaddock, Z. Shao, B. Shapiro, P. Shawhan, D. H. Shoemaker, D. Sigg, B. J. J. Slagmolen, J. R. Smith, M. R. Smith, N. D. Smith-Lefebvre, B. Sorazu, A. Staley, A. J. Stein, A. Stochino, K. A. Strain, R. Taylor, M. Thomas, P. Thomas, K. A. Thorne, E. Thrane, C. I. Torrie, G. Traylor, G. Vajente, G. Valdes, A. A. van Veggel, M. Vargas, A. Vecchio, P. J. Veitch, K. Venkateswara, T. Vo, C. Vorvick, S. J. Waldman, M. Walker, R. L. Ward, J. Warner, B. Weaver, R. Weiss, T. Welborn, P. Weßels, C. Wilkinson, P. A. Willems, L. Williams, B. Willke, L. Winkelmann, C. C. Wipf, J. Worden, G. Wu, H. Yamamoto, C. C. Yancey, H. Yu, L. Zhang, M. E. Zucker, J. Zweizig

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Abstract

The Laser Interferometer Gravitational Wave Observatory (LIGO) consists of two widely separated 4 km laser interferometers designed to detect gravitational waves from distant astrophysical sources in the frequency range from 10 Hz to 10 kHz. The first observation run of the Advanced LIGO detectors started in September 2015 and ended in January 2016. A strain sensitivity of better than 10-23/Hz was achieved around 100 Hz. Understanding both the fundamental and the technical noise sources was critical for increasing the astrophysical strain sensitivity. The average distance at which coalescing binary black hole systems with individual masses of 30 M could be detected above a signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of 8 was 1.3 Gpc, and the range for binary neutron star inspirals was about 75 Mpc. With respect to the initial detectors, the observable volume of the Universe increased by a factor 69 and 43, respectively. These improvements helped Advanced LIGO to detect the gravitational wave signal from the binary black hole coalescence, known as GW150914.

LanguageEnglish
Article number112004
Number of pages19
JournalPhysical Review D
Volume93
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jun 2016

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LIGO (observatory)
astronomy
gravitational waves
coalescing
sensitivity
detectors
astrophysics
binary stars
neutron stars
signal to noise ratios
interferometers
universe
frequency ranges
lasers

Keywords

  • LIGO
  • LIGO detectors
  • gravitational waves

Cite this

Martynov, D. V., Hall, E. D., Abbott, B. P., Abbott, R., Abbott, T. D., Adams, C., ... Zweizig, J. (2016). Sensitivity of the advanced LIGO detectors at the beginning of gravitational wave astronomy. Physical Review D, 93(11), [112004]. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.93.112004
Martynov, D. V. ; Hall, E. D. ; Abbott, B. P. ; Abbott, R. ; Abbott, T. D. ; Adams, C. ; Adhikari, R. X. ; Anderson, R. A. ; Anderson, S. B. ; Arai, K. ; Arain, M. A. ; Aston, S. M. ; Austin, L. ; Ballmer, S. W. ; Barbet, M. ; Barker, David ; Barr, B. ; Barsotti, L. ; Bartlett, J. ; Barton, M. A. ; Bartos, I. ; Batch, J. C. ; Bell, A. S. ; Belopolski, I. ; Bergman, J. ; Betzwieser, J. ; Billingsley, G. ; Birch, J. ; Biscans, S. ; Biwer, C. ; Black, E. ; Blair, C. D. ; Bogan, C. ; Bork, R. ; Bridges, D. O. ; Brooks, A. F. ; Celerier, C. ; Ciani, G. ; Clara, F. ; Cook, D. ; Countryman, S. T. ; Cowart, M. J. ; Coyne, D. C. ; Cumming, A. ; Cunningham, L. ; Damjanic, M. ; Dannenberg, R. ; Danzmann, K. ; Costa, C. F.Da Silva ; Daw, E. J. ; DeBra, D. ; Derosa, R. T. ; DeSalvo, R. ; Dooley, K. L. ; Doravari, S. ; Driggers, J. C. ; Dwyer, S. E. ; Effler, A. ; Etzel, T. ; Evans, M. ; Evans, T. M. ; Factourovich, M. ; Fair, H. ; Feldbaum, D. ; Fisher, R. P. ; Foley, S. ; Frede, M. ; Fritschel, P. ; Frolov, V. V. ; Fulda, P. ; Fyffe, M. ; Galdi, V. ; Giaime, J. A. ; Giardina, K. D. ; Gleason, J. R. ; Goetz, R. ; Gras, S. ; Gray, C. ; Greenhalgh, R. J. S. ; Grote, H. ; Guido, C. J. ; Gushwa, K. E. ; Gustafson, E. K. ; Gustafson, R. ; Hammond, G. ; Hanks, J. ; Hanson, J. ; Hardwick, T. ; Harry, G. M. ; Heefner, J. ; Heintze, M. C. ; Heptonstall, A. W. ; Hoak, D. ; Hough, J. ; Ivanov, A. ; Izumi, K. ; Jacobson, D.M. ; James, Elizabeth ; Jones, R. ; Kandhasamy, S. ; Karki, S. ; Kasprzack, M. ; Kaufer, S. ; Kawabe, K. ; Kells, W. ; Kijbunchoo, N. ; King, E. J. ; King, P. J. ; Kinzel, D. L. ; Kissel, J. S. ; Kokeyama, K. ; Korth, W. Z. ; Kuehn, G. ; Kwee, P. ; Landry, M. ; Lantz, B. ; Le Roux, A. ; Levine, B. M. ; Lewis, J. B. ; Lhuillier, V. ; Lockerbie, N. A. ; Lormand, M. ; Lubinski, M. J. ; Lundgren, A. P. ; Macdonald, T. ; MacInnis, M. ; Macleod, D. M. ; Mageswaran, M. ; Mailand, K. ; Márka, S. ; Márka, Z. ; Markosyan, A. S. ; Maros, E. ; Martin, I. W. ; Martin, R. M. ; Marx, J. N. ; Mason, K. ; Massinger, T. J. ; Matichard, F. ; Mavalvala, N. ; McCarthy, R. ; McClelland, D. E. ; McCormick, S. ; McIntyre, G. ; McIver, J. ; Merilh, E. L. ; Meyer, M. S. ; Meyers, P. M. ; Miller, J. ; Mittleman, R. ; Moreno, G. ; Mueller, C. L. ; Mueller, G. ; Mullavey, A. ; Munch, J. ; Nuttall, L. K. ; Oberling, J. ; O'Dell, J. ; Oppermann, P. ; Oram, Richard J. ; O'Reilly, B. ; Osthelder, C. ; Ottaway, D. J. ; Overmier, H. ; Palamos, J. R. ; Paris, H. R. ; Parker, W. ; Patrick, Z. ; Pele, A. ; Penn, S. ; Phelps, M. ; Pickenpack, M. ; Pierro, V. ; Pinto, I. ; Poeld, J. ; Principe, M. ; Prokhorov, L. ; Puncken, O. ; Quetschke, V. ; Quintero, E. A. ; Raab, F. J. ; Radkins, H. ; Raffai, P. ; Ramet, C. R. ; Reed, C. M. ; Reid, S. ; Reitze, D. H. ; Robertson, N. A. ; Rollins, J. G. ; Roma, V. J. ; Romie, J. H. ; Rowan, S. ; Ryan, K. ; Sadecki, T. ; Sanchez, E. J. ; Sandberg, V. ; Sannibale, M. V. ; Savage, R. L. ; Schofield, R. M. S. ; Schultz, B. ; Schwinberg, P. ; Sellers, D. ; Sevigny, A. ; Shaddock, D. A. ; Shao, Z. ; Shapiro, B. ; Shawhan, P. ; Shoemaker, D. H. ; Sigg, D. ; Slagmolen, B. J. J. ; Smith, J. R. ; Smith, M. R. ; Smith-Lefebvre, N. D. ; Sorazu, B. ; Staley, A. ; Stein, A. J. ; Stochino, A. ; Strain, K. A. ; Taylor, R. ; Thomas, M. ; Thomas, P. ; Thorne, K. A. ; Thrane, E. ; Torrie, C. I. ; Traylor, G. ; Vajente, G. ; Valdes, G. ; van Veggel, A. A. ; Vargas, M. ; Vecchio, A. ; Veitch, P. J. ; Venkateswara, K. ; Vo, T. ; Vorvick, C. ; Waldman, S. J. ; Walker, M. ; Ward, R. L. ; Warner, J. ; Weaver, B. ; Weiss, R. ; Welborn, T. ; Weßels, P. ; Wilkinson, C. ; Willems, P. A. ; Williams, L. ; Willke, B. ; Winkelmann, L. ; Wipf, C. C. ; Worden, J. ; Wu, G. ; Yamamoto, H. ; Yancey, C. C. ; Yu, H. ; Zhang, L. ; Zucker, M. E. ; Zweizig, J. / Sensitivity of the advanced LIGO detectors at the beginning of gravitational wave astronomy. In: Physical Review D. 2016 ; Vol. 93, No. 11.
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title = "Sensitivity of the advanced LIGO detectors at the beginning of gravitational wave astronomy",
abstract = "The Laser Interferometer Gravitational Wave Observatory (LIGO) consists of two widely separated 4 km laser interferometers designed to detect gravitational waves from distant astrophysical sources in the frequency range from 10 Hz to 10 kHz. The first observation run of the Advanced LIGO detectors started in September 2015 and ended in January 2016. A strain sensitivity of better than 10-23/Hz was achieved around 100 Hz. Understanding both the fundamental and the technical noise sources was critical for increasing the astrophysical strain sensitivity. The average distance at which coalescing binary black hole systems with individual masses of 30 M could be detected above a signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of 8 was 1.3 Gpc, and the range for binary neutron star inspirals was about 75 Mpc. With respect to the initial detectors, the observable volume of the Universe increased by a factor 69 and 43, respectively. These improvements helped Advanced LIGO to detect the gravitational wave signal from the binary black hole coalescence, known as GW150914.",
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author = "Martynov, {D. V.} and Hall, {E. D.} and Abbott, {B. P.} and R. Abbott and Abbott, {T. D.} and C. Adams and Adhikari, {R. X.} and Anderson, {R. A.} and Anderson, {S. B.} and K. Arai and Arain, {M. A.} and Aston, {S. M.} and L. Austin and Ballmer, {S. W.} and M. Barbet and David Barker and B. Barr and L. Barsotti and J. Bartlett and Barton, {M. A.} and I. Bartos and Batch, {J. C.} and Bell, {A. S.} and I. Belopolski and J. Bergman and J. Betzwieser and G. Billingsley and J. Birch and S. Biscans and C. Biwer and E. Black and Blair, {C. D.} and C. Bogan and R. Bork and Bridges, {D. O.} and Brooks, {A. F.} and C. Celerier and G. Ciani and F. Clara and D. Cook and Countryman, {S. T.} and Cowart, {M. J.} and Coyne, {D. C.} and A. Cumming and L. Cunningham and M. Damjanic and R. Dannenberg and K. Danzmann and Costa, {C. F.Da Silva} and Daw, {E. J.} and D. DeBra and Derosa, {R. T.} and R. DeSalvo and Dooley, {K. L.} and S. Doravari and Driggers, {J. C.} and Dwyer, {S. E.} and A. Effler and T. Etzel and M. Evans and Evans, {T. M.} and M. Factourovich and H. Fair and D. Feldbaum and Fisher, {R. P.} and S. Foley and M. Frede and P. Fritschel and Frolov, {V. V.} and P. Fulda and M. Fyffe and V. Galdi and Giaime, {J. A.} and Giardina, {K. D.} and Gleason, {J. R.} and R. Goetz and S. Gras and C. Gray and Greenhalgh, {R. J. S.} and H. Grote and Guido, {C. J.} and Gushwa, {K. E.} and Gustafson, {E. K.} and R. Gustafson and G. Hammond and J. Hanks and J. Hanson and T. Hardwick and Harry, {G. M.} and J. Heefner and Heintze, {M. C.} and Heptonstall, {A. W.} and D. Hoak and J. Hough and A. Ivanov and K. Izumi and D.M. Jacobson and Elizabeth James and R. Jones and S. Kandhasamy and S. Karki and M. Kasprzack and S. Kaufer and K. Kawabe and W. Kells and N. Kijbunchoo and King, {E. J.} and King, {P. J.} and Kinzel, {D. L.} and Kissel, {J. S.} and K. Kokeyama and Korth, {W. Z.} and G. Kuehn and P. Kwee and M. Landry and B. Lantz and {Le Roux}, A. and Levine, {B. M.} and Lewis, {J. B.} and V. Lhuillier and Lockerbie, {N. A.} and M. Lormand and Lubinski, {M. J.} and Lundgren, {A. P.} and T. Macdonald and M. MacInnis and Macleod, {D. M.} and M. Mageswaran and K. Mailand and S. M{\'a}rka and Z. M{\'a}rka and Markosyan, {A. S.} and E. Maros and Martin, {I. W.} and Martin, {R. M.} and Marx, {J. N.} and K. Mason and Massinger, {T. J.} and F. Matichard and N. Mavalvala and R. McCarthy and McClelland, {D. E.} and S. McCormick and G. McIntyre and J. McIver and Merilh, {E. L.} and Meyer, {M. S.} and Meyers, {P. M.} and J. Miller and R. Mittleman and G. Moreno and Mueller, {C. L.} and G. Mueller and A. Mullavey and J. Munch and Nuttall, {L. K.} and J. Oberling and J. O'Dell and P. Oppermann and Oram, {Richard J.} and B. O'Reilly and C. Osthelder and Ottaway, {D. J.} and H. Overmier and Palamos, {J. R.} and Paris, {H. R.} and W. Parker and Z. Patrick and A. Pele and S. Penn and M. Phelps and M. Pickenpack and V. Pierro and I. Pinto and J. Poeld and M. Principe and L. Prokhorov and O. Puncken and V. Quetschke and Quintero, {E. A.} and Raab, {F. J.} and H. Radkins and P. Raffai and Ramet, {C. R.} and Reed, {C. M.} and S. Reid and Reitze, {D. H.} and Robertson, {N. A.} and Rollins, {J. G.} and Roma, {V. J.} and Romie, {J. H.} and S. Rowan and K. Ryan and T. Sadecki and Sanchez, {E. J.} and V. Sandberg and Sannibale, {M. V.} and Savage, {R. L.} and Schofield, {R. M. S.} and B. Schultz and P. Schwinberg and D. Sellers and A. Sevigny and Shaddock, {D. A.} and Z. Shao and B. Shapiro and P. Shawhan and Shoemaker, {D. H.} and D. Sigg and Slagmolen, {B. J. J.} and Smith, {J. R.} and Smith, {M. R.} and Smith-Lefebvre, {N. D.} and B. Sorazu and A. Staley and Stein, {A. J.} and A. Stochino and Strain, {K. A.} and R. Taylor and M. Thomas and P. Thomas and Thorne, {K. A.} and E. Thrane and Torrie, {C. I.} and G. Traylor and G. Vajente and G. Valdes and {van Veggel}, {A. A.} and M. Vargas and A. Vecchio and Veitch, {P. J.} and K. Venkateswara and T. Vo and C. Vorvick and Waldman, {S. J.} and M. Walker and Ward, {R. L.} and J. Warner and B. Weaver and R. Weiss and T. Welborn and P. We{\ss}els and C. Wilkinson and Willems, {P. A.} and L. Williams and B. Willke and L. Winkelmann and Wipf, {C. C.} and J. Worden and G. Wu and H. Yamamoto and Yancey, {C. C.} and H. Yu and L. Zhang and Zucker, {M. E.} and J. Zweizig",
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}

Martynov, DV, Hall, ED, Abbott, BP, Abbott, R, Abbott, TD, Adams, C, Adhikari, RX, Anderson, RA, Anderson, SB, Arai, K, Arain, MA, Aston, SM, Austin, L, Ballmer, SW, Barbet, M, Barker, D, Barr, B, Barsotti, L, Bartlett, J, Barton, MA, Bartos, I, Batch, JC, Bell, AS, Belopolski, I, Bergman, J, Betzwieser, J, Billingsley, G, Birch, J, Biscans, S, Biwer, C, Black, E, Blair, CD, Bogan, C, Bork, R, Bridges, DO, Brooks, AF, Celerier, C, Ciani, G, Clara, F, Cook, D, Countryman, ST, Cowart, MJ, Coyne, DC, Cumming, A, Cunningham, L, Damjanic, M, Dannenberg, R, Danzmann, K, Costa, CFDS, Daw, EJ, DeBra, D, Derosa, RT, DeSalvo, R, Dooley, KL, Doravari, S, Driggers, JC, Dwyer, SE, Effler, A, Etzel, T, Evans, M, Evans, TM, Factourovich, M, Fair, H, Feldbaum, D, Fisher, RP, Foley, S, Frede, M, Fritschel, P, Frolov, VV, Fulda, P, Fyffe, M, Galdi, V, Giaime, JA, Giardina, KD, Gleason, JR, Goetz, R, Gras, S, Gray, C, Greenhalgh, RJS, Grote, H, Guido, CJ, Gushwa, KE, Gustafson, EK, Gustafson, R, Hammond, G, Hanks, J, Hanson, J, Hardwick, T, Harry, GM, Heefner, J, Heintze, MC, Heptonstall, AW, Hoak, D, Hough, J, Ivanov, A, Izumi, K, Jacobson, DM, James, E, Jones, R, Kandhasamy, S, Karki, S, Kasprzack, M, Kaufer, S, Kawabe, K, Kells, W, Kijbunchoo, N, King, EJ, King, PJ, Kinzel, DL, Kissel, JS, Kokeyama, K, Korth, WZ, Kuehn, G, Kwee, P, Landry, M, Lantz, B, Le Roux, A, Levine, BM, Lewis, JB, Lhuillier, V, Lockerbie, NA, Lormand, M, Lubinski, MJ, Lundgren, AP, Macdonald, T, MacInnis, M, Macleod, DM, Mageswaran, M, Mailand, K, Márka, S, Márka, Z, Markosyan, AS, Maros, E, Martin, IW, Martin, RM, Marx, JN, Mason, K, Massinger, TJ, Matichard, F, Mavalvala, N, McCarthy, R, McClelland, DE, McCormick, S, McIntyre, G, McIver, J, Merilh, EL, Meyer, MS, Meyers, PM, Miller, J, Mittleman, R, Moreno, G, Mueller, CL, Mueller, G, Mullavey, A, Munch, J, Nuttall, LK, Oberling, J, O'Dell, J, Oppermann, P, Oram, RJ, O'Reilly, B, Osthelder, C, Ottaway, DJ, Overmier, H, Palamos, JR, Paris, HR, Parker, W, Patrick, Z, Pele, A, Penn, S, Phelps, M, Pickenpack, M, Pierro, V, Pinto, I, Poeld, J, Principe, M, Prokhorov, L, Puncken, O, Quetschke, V, Quintero, EA, Raab, FJ, Radkins, H, Raffai, P, Ramet, CR, Reed, CM, Reid, S, Reitze, DH, Robertson, NA, Rollins, JG, Roma, VJ, Romie, JH, Rowan, S, Ryan, K, Sadecki, T, Sanchez, EJ, Sandberg, V, Sannibale, MV, Savage, RL, Schofield, RMS, Schultz, B, Schwinberg, P, Sellers, D, Sevigny, A, Shaddock, DA, Shao, Z, Shapiro, B, Shawhan, P, Shoemaker, DH, Sigg, D, Slagmolen, BJJ, Smith, JR, Smith, MR, Smith-Lefebvre, ND, Sorazu, B, Staley, A, Stein, AJ, Stochino, A, Strain, KA, Taylor, R, Thomas, M, Thomas, P, Thorne, KA, Thrane, E, Torrie, CI, Traylor, G, Vajente, G, Valdes, G, van Veggel, AA, Vargas, M, Vecchio, A, Veitch, PJ, Venkateswara, K, Vo, T, Vorvick, C, Waldman, SJ, Walker, M, Ward, RL, Warner, J, Weaver, B, Weiss, R, Welborn, T, Weßels, P, Wilkinson, C, Willems, PA, Williams, L, Willke, B, Winkelmann, L, Wipf, CC, Worden, J, Wu, G, Yamamoto, H, Yancey, CC, Yu, H, Zhang, L, Zucker, ME & Zweizig, J 2016, 'Sensitivity of the advanced LIGO detectors at the beginning of gravitational wave astronomy' Physical Review D, vol. 93, no. 11, 112004. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.93.112004

Sensitivity of the advanced LIGO detectors at the beginning of gravitational wave astronomy. / Martynov, D. V.; Hall, E. D.; Abbott, B. P.; Abbott, R.; Abbott, T. D.; Adams, C.; Adhikari, R. X.; Anderson, R. A.; Anderson, S. B.; Arai, K.; Arain, M. A.; Aston, S. M.; Austin, L.; Ballmer, S. W.; Barbet, M.; Barker, David; Barr, B.; Barsotti, L.; Bartlett, J.; Barton, M. A.; Bartos, I.; Batch, J. C.; Bell, A. S.; Belopolski, I.; Bergman, J.; Betzwieser, J.; Billingsley, G.; Birch, J.; Biscans, S.; Biwer, C.; Black, E.; Blair, C. D.; Bogan, C.; Bork, R.; Bridges, D. O.; Brooks, A. F.; Celerier, C.; Ciani, G.; Clara, F.; Cook, D.; Countryman, S. T.; Cowart, M. J.; Coyne, D. C.; Cumming, A.; Cunningham, L.; Damjanic, M.; Dannenberg, R.; Danzmann, K.; Costa, C. F.Da Silva; Daw, E. J.; DeBra, D.; Derosa, R. T.; DeSalvo, R.; Dooley, K. L.; Doravari, S.; Driggers, J. C.; Dwyer, S. E.; Effler, A.; Etzel, T.; Evans, M.; Evans, T. M.; Factourovich, M.; Fair, H.; Feldbaum, D.; Fisher, R. P.; Foley, S.; Frede, M.; Fritschel, P.; Frolov, V. V.; Fulda, P.; Fyffe, M.; Galdi, V.; Giaime, J. A.; Giardina, K. D.; Gleason, J. R.; Goetz, R.; Gras, S.; Gray, C.; Greenhalgh, R. J. S.; Grote, H.; Guido, C. J.; Gushwa, K. E.; Gustafson, E. K.; Gustafson, R.; Hammond, G.; Hanks, J.; Hanson, J.; Hardwick, T.; Harry, G. M.; Heefner, J.; Heintze, M. C.; Heptonstall, A. W.; Hoak, D.; Hough, J.; Ivanov, A.; Izumi, K.; Jacobson, D.M.; James, Elizabeth; Jones, R.; Kandhasamy, S.; Karki, S.; Kasprzack, M.; Kaufer, S.; Kawabe, K.; Kells, W.; Kijbunchoo, N.; King, E. J.; King, P. J.; Kinzel, D. L.; Kissel, J. S.; Kokeyama, K.; Korth, W. Z.; Kuehn, G.; Kwee, P.; Landry, M.; Lantz, B.; Le Roux, A.; Levine, B. M.; Lewis, J. B.; Lhuillier, V.; Lockerbie, N. A.; Lormand, M.; Lubinski, M. J.; Lundgren, A. P.; Macdonald, T.; MacInnis, M.; Macleod, D. M.; Mageswaran, M.; Mailand, K.; Márka, S.; Márka, Z.; Markosyan, A. S.; Maros, E.; Martin, I. W.; Martin, R. M.; Marx, J. N.; Mason, K.; Massinger, T. J.; Matichard, F.; Mavalvala, N.; McCarthy, R.; McClelland, D. E.; McCormick, S.; McIntyre, G.; McIver, J.; Merilh, E. L.; Meyer, M. S.; Meyers, P. M.; Miller, J.; Mittleman, R.; Moreno, G.; Mueller, C. L.; Mueller, G.; Mullavey, A.; Munch, J.; Nuttall, L. K.; Oberling, J.; O'Dell, J.; Oppermann, P.; Oram, Richard J.; O'Reilly, B.; Osthelder, C.; Ottaway, D. J.; Overmier, H.; Palamos, J. R.; Paris, H. R.; Parker, W.; Patrick, Z.; Pele, A.; Penn, S.; Phelps, M.; Pickenpack, M.; Pierro, V.; Pinto, I.; Poeld, J.; Principe, M.; Prokhorov, L.; Puncken, O.; Quetschke, V.; Quintero, E. A.; Raab, F. J.; Radkins, H.; Raffai, P.; Ramet, C. R.; Reed, C. M.; Reid, S.; Reitze, D. H.; Robertson, N. A.; Rollins, J. G.; Roma, V. J.; Romie, J. H.; Rowan, S.; Ryan, K.; Sadecki, T.; Sanchez, E. J.; Sandberg, V.; Sannibale, M. V.; Savage, R. L.; Schofield, R. M. S.; Schultz, B.; Schwinberg, P.; Sellers, D.; Sevigny, A.; Shaddock, D. A.; Shao, Z.; Shapiro, B.; Shawhan, P.; Shoemaker, D. H.; Sigg, D.; Slagmolen, B. J. J.; Smith, J. R.; Smith, M. R.; Smith-Lefebvre, N. D.; Sorazu, B.; Staley, A.; Stein, A. J.; Stochino, A.; Strain, K. A.; Taylor, R.; Thomas, M.; Thomas, P.; Thorne, K. A.; Thrane, E.; Torrie, C. I.; Traylor, G.; Vajente, G.; Valdes, G.; van Veggel, A. A.; Vargas, M.; Vecchio, A.; Veitch, P. J.; Venkateswara, K.; Vo, T.; Vorvick, C.; Waldman, S. J.; Walker, M.; Ward, R. L.; Warner, J.; Weaver, B.; Weiss, R.; Welborn, T.; Weßels, P.; Wilkinson, C.; Willems, P. A.; Williams, L.; Willke, B.; Winkelmann, L.; Wipf, C. C.; Worden, J.; Wu, G.; Yamamoto, H.; Yancey, C. C.; Yu, H.; Zhang, L.; Zucker, M. E.; Zweizig, J.

In: Physical Review D, Vol. 93, No. 11, 112004, 02.06.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Sensitivity of the advanced LIGO detectors at the beginning of gravitational wave astronomy

AU - Martynov, D. V.

AU - Hall, E. D.

AU - Abbott, B. P.

AU - Abbott, R.

AU - Abbott, T. D.

AU - Adams, C.

AU - Adhikari, R. X.

AU - Anderson, R. A.

AU - Anderson, S. B.

AU - Arai, K.

AU - Arain, M. A.

AU - Aston, S. M.

AU - Austin, L.

AU - Ballmer, S. W.

AU - Barbet, M.

AU - Barker, David

AU - Barr, B.

AU - Barsotti, L.

AU - Bartlett, J.

AU - Barton, M. A.

AU - Bartos, I.

AU - Batch, J. C.

AU - Bell, A. S.

AU - Belopolski, I.

AU - Bergman, J.

AU - Betzwieser, J.

AU - Billingsley, G.

AU - Birch, J.

AU - Biscans, S.

AU - Biwer, C.

AU - Black, E.

AU - Blair, C. D.

AU - Bogan, C.

AU - Bork, R.

AU - Bridges, D. O.

AU - Brooks, A. F.

AU - Celerier, C.

AU - Ciani, G.

AU - Clara, F.

AU - Cook, D.

AU - Countryman, S. T.

AU - Cowart, M. J.

AU - Coyne, D. C.

AU - Cumming, A.

AU - Cunningham, L.

AU - Damjanic, M.

AU - Dannenberg, R.

AU - Danzmann, K.

AU - Costa, C. F.Da Silva

AU - Daw, E. J.

AU - DeBra, D.

AU - Derosa, R. T.

AU - DeSalvo, R.

AU - Dooley, K. L.

AU - Doravari, S.

AU - Driggers, J. C.

AU - Dwyer, S. E.

AU - Effler, A.

AU - Etzel, T.

AU - Evans, M.

AU - Evans, T. M.

AU - Factourovich, M.

AU - Fair, H.

AU - Feldbaum, D.

AU - Fisher, R. P.

AU - Foley, S.

AU - Frede, M.

AU - Fritschel, P.

AU - Frolov, V. V.

AU - Fulda, P.

AU - Fyffe, M.

AU - Galdi, V.

AU - Giaime, J. A.

AU - Giardina, K. D.

AU - Gleason, J. R.

AU - Goetz, R.

AU - Gras, S.

AU - Gray, C.

AU - Greenhalgh, R. J. S.

AU - Grote, H.

AU - Guido, C. J.

AU - Gushwa, K. E.

AU - Gustafson, E. K.

AU - Gustafson, R.

AU - Hammond, G.

AU - Hanks, J.

AU - Hanson, J.

AU - Hardwick, T.

AU - Harry, G. M.

AU - Heefner, J.

AU - Heintze, M. C.

AU - Heptonstall, A. W.

AU - Hoak, D.

AU - Hough, J.

AU - Ivanov, A.

AU - Izumi, K.

AU - Jacobson, D.M.

AU - James, Elizabeth

AU - Jones, R.

AU - Kandhasamy, S.

AU - Karki, S.

AU - Kasprzack, M.

AU - Kaufer, S.

AU - Kawabe, K.

AU - Kells, W.

AU - Kijbunchoo, N.

AU - King, E. J.

AU - King, P. J.

AU - Kinzel, D. L.

AU - Kissel, J. S.

AU - Kokeyama, K.

AU - Korth, W. Z.

AU - Kuehn, G.

AU - Kwee, P.

AU - Landry, M.

AU - Lantz, B.

AU - Le Roux, A.

AU - Levine, B. M.

AU - Lewis, J. B.

AU - Lhuillier, V.

AU - Lockerbie, N. A.

AU - Lormand, M.

AU - Lubinski, M. J.

AU - Lundgren, A. P.

AU - Macdonald, T.

AU - MacInnis, M.

AU - Macleod, D. M.

AU - Mageswaran, M.

AU - Mailand, K.

AU - Márka, S.

AU - Márka, Z.

AU - Markosyan, A. S.

AU - Maros, E.

AU - Martin, I. W.

AU - Martin, R. M.

AU - Marx, J. N.

AU - Mason, K.

AU - Massinger, T. J.

AU - Matichard, F.

AU - Mavalvala, N.

AU - McCarthy, R.

AU - McClelland, D. E.

AU - McCormick, S.

AU - McIntyre, G.

AU - McIver, J.

AU - Merilh, E. L.

AU - Meyer, M. S.

AU - Meyers, P. M.

AU - Miller, J.

AU - Mittleman, R.

AU - Moreno, G.

AU - Mueller, C. L.

AU - Mueller, G.

AU - Mullavey, A.

AU - Munch, J.

AU - Nuttall, L. K.

AU - Oberling, J.

AU - O'Dell, J.

AU - Oppermann, P.

AU - Oram, Richard J.

AU - O'Reilly, B.

AU - Osthelder, C.

AU - Ottaway, D. J.

AU - Overmier, H.

AU - Palamos, J. R.

AU - Paris, H. R.

AU - Parker, W.

AU - Patrick, Z.

AU - Pele, A.

AU - Penn, S.

AU - Phelps, M.

AU - Pickenpack, M.

AU - Pierro, V.

AU - Pinto, I.

AU - Poeld, J.

AU - Principe, M.

AU - Prokhorov, L.

AU - Puncken, O.

AU - Quetschke, V.

AU - Quintero, E. A.

AU - Raab, F. J.

AU - Radkins, H.

AU - Raffai, P.

AU - Ramet, C. R.

AU - Reed, C. M.

AU - Reid, S.

AU - Reitze, D. H.

AU - Robertson, N. A.

AU - Rollins, J. G.

AU - Roma, V. J.

AU - Romie, J. H.

AU - Rowan, S.

AU - Ryan, K.

AU - Sadecki, T.

AU - Sanchez, E. J.

AU - Sandberg, V.

AU - Sannibale, M. V.

AU - Savage, R. L.

AU - Schofield, R. M. S.

AU - Schultz, B.

AU - Schwinberg, P.

AU - Sellers, D.

AU - Sevigny, A.

AU - Shaddock, D. A.

AU - Shao, Z.

AU - Shapiro, B.

AU - Shawhan, P.

AU - Shoemaker, D. H.

AU - Sigg, D.

AU - Slagmolen, B. J. J.

AU - Smith, J. R.

AU - Smith, M. R.

AU - Smith-Lefebvre, N. D.

AU - Sorazu, B.

AU - Staley, A.

AU - Stein, A. J.

AU - Stochino, A.

AU - Strain, K. A.

AU - Taylor, R.

AU - Thomas, M.

AU - Thomas, P.

AU - Thorne, K. A.

AU - Thrane, E.

AU - Torrie, C. I.

AU - Traylor, G.

AU - Vajente, G.

AU - Valdes, G.

AU - van Veggel, A. A.

AU - Vargas, M.

AU - Vecchio, A.

AU - Veitch, P. J.

AU - Venkateswara, K.

AU - Vo, T.

AU - Vorvick, C.

AU - Waldman, S. J.

AU - Walker, M.

AU - Ward, R. L.

AU - Warner, J.

AU - Weaver, B.

AU - Weiss, R.

AU - Welborn, T.

AU - Weßels, P.

AU - Wilkinson, C.

AU - Willems, P. A.

AU - Williams, L.

AU - Willke, B.

AU - Winkelmann, L.

AU - Wipf, C. C.

AU - Worden, J.

AU - Wu, G.

AU - Yamamoto, H.

AU - Yancey, C. C.

AU - Yu, H.

AU - Zhang, L.

AU - Zucker, M. E.

AU - Zweizig, J.

PY - 2016/6/2

Y1 - 2016/6/2

N2 - The Laser Interferometer Gravitational Wave Observatory (LIGO) consists of two widely separated 4 km laser interferometers designed to detect gravitational waves from distant astrophysical sources in the frequency range from 10 Hz to 10 kHz. The first observation run of the Advanced LIGO detectors started in September 2015 and ended in January 2016. A strain sensitivity of better than 10-23/Hz was achieved around 100 Hz. Understanding both the fundamental and the technical noise sources was critical for increasing the astrophysical strain sensitivity. The average distance at which coalescing binary black hole systems with individual masses of 30 M could be detected above a signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of 8 was 1.3 Gpc, and the range for binary neutron star inspirals was about 75 Mpc. With respect to the initial detectors, the observable volume of the Universe increased by a factor 69 and 43, respectively. These improvements helped Advanced LIGO to detect the gravitational wave signal from the binary black hole coalescence, known as GW150914.

AB - The Laser Interferometer Gravitational Wave Observatory (LIGO) consists of two widely separated 4 km laser interferometers designed to detect gravitational waves from distant astrophysical sources in the frequency range from 10 Hz to 10 kHz. The first observation run of the Advanced LIGO detectors started in September 2015 and ended in January 2016. A strain sensitivity of better than 10-23/Hz was achieved around 100 Hz. Understanding both the fundamental and the technical noise sources was critical for increasing the astrophysical strain sensitivity. The average distance at which coalescing binary black hole systems with individual masses of 30 M could be detected above a signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of 8 was 1.3 Gpc, and the range for binary neutron star inspirals was about 75 Mpc. With respect to the initial detectors, the observable volume of the Universe increased by a factor 69 and 43, respectively. These improvements helped Advanced LIGO to detect the gravitational wave signal from the binary black hole coalescence, known as GW150914.

KW - LIGO

KW - LIGO detectors

KW - gravitational waves

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84974849312&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevD.93.112004

DO - 10.1103/PhysRevD.93.112004

M3 - Article

VL - 93

JO - Physical Review D

T2 - Physical Review D

JF - Physical Review D

SN - 1550-7998

IS - 11

M1 - 112004

ER -

Martynov DV, Hall ED, Abbott BP, Abbott R, Abbott TD, Adams C et al. Sensitivity of the advanced LIGO detectors at the beginning of gravitational wave astronomy. Physical Review D. 2016 Jun 2;93(11). 112004. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.93.112004