Semi-active structural control of offshore wind turbines considering damage development

Arash Hemmati, Erkan Oterkus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

High flexibility of new offshore wind turbines makes them vulnerable since they are subjected to large environmental loadings, wind turbine excitations and seismic loadings. A control system capable of mitigating undesired vibrations with the potential of modifying its structural properties depending on time-variant loadings and damage development can effectively enhance serviceability and fatigue lifetime of turbine systems. In the present paper, a model for offshore wind turbine systems equipped with a semi-active time-variant tuned mass damper is developed considering nonlinear soil pile interaction phenomenon and time-variant damage conditions. The adaptive concept of this tuned mass damper assumes slow change in its structural properties. Stochastic wind and wave loadings in conjunction with ground motions are applied to the system. Damages to soil and tower caused by earthquake strokes are considered and the semi-active control device is retuned to the instantaneous frequency of the system using short time Fourier transformation (STFT). The performance of semi-active time-variant vibration control is compared with its passive counterpart in operational and parked conditions. The dynamic responses for a single seismic record and a set of seismic records are presented. The results show that a semi-active mass damper with a mass ratio of 1% performs significantly better than a passive tuned mass damper with a mass ratio of 4%.
LanguageEnglish
Article number102
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of Marine Science and Engineering
Volume6
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 5 Sep 2018

Fingerprint

Offshore wind turbines
structural control
wind turbine
Structural properties
Soils
damage
Vibration control
Wind turbines
Towers
Piles
Dynamic response
Earthquakes
Turbines
Fatigue of materials
Control systems
vibration
active control
dynamic response
fatigue
turbine

Keywords

  • offshore wind
  • structural control
  • semi-active
  • tuned mass damper
  • earthquake

Cite this

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title = "Semi-active structural control of offshore wind turbines considering damage development",
abstract = "High flexibility of new offshore wind turbines makes them vulnerable since they are subjected to large environmental loadings, wind turbine excitations and seismic loadings. A control system capable of mitigating undesired vibrations with the potential of modifying its structural properties depending on time-variant loadings and damage development can effectively enhance serviceability and fatigue lifetime of turbine systems. In the present paper, a model for offshore wind turbine systems equipped with a semi-active time-variant tuned mass damper is developed considering nonlinear soil pile interaction phenomenon and time-variant damage conditions. The adaptive concept of this tuned mass damper assumes slow change in its structural properties. Stochastic wind and wave loadings in conjunction with ground motions are applied to the system. Damages to soil and tower caused by earthquake strokes are considered and the semi-active control device is retuned to the instantaneous frequency of the system using short time Fourier transformation (STFT). The performance of semi-active time-variant vibration control is compared with its passive counterpart in operational and parked conditions. The dynamic responses for a single seismic record and a set of seismic records are presented. The results show that a semi-active mass damper with a mass ratio of 1{\%} performs significantly better than a passive tuned mass damper with a mass ratio of 4{\%}.",
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Semi-active structural control of offshore wind turbines considering damage development. / Hemmati, Arash; Oterkus, Erkan.

In: Journal of Marine Science and Engineering, Vol. 6, No. 3, 102, 05.09.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Hemmati, Arash

AU - Oterkus, Erkan

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AB - High flexibility of new offshore wind turbines makes them vulnerable since they are subjected to large environmental loadings, wind turbine excitations and seismic loadings. A control system capable of mitigating undesired vibrations with the potential of modifying its structural properties depending on time-variant loadings and damage development can effectively enhance serviceability and fatigue lifetime of turbine systems. In the present paper, a model for offshore wind turbine systems equipped with a semi-active time-variant tuned mass damper is developed considering nonlinear soil pile interaction phenomenon and time-variant damage conditions. The adaptive concept of this tuned mass damper assumes slow change in its structural properties. Stochastic wind and wave loadings in conjunction with ground motions are applied to the system. Damages to soil and tower caused by earthquake strokes are considered and the semi-active control device is retuned to the instantaneous frequency of the system using short time Fourier transformation (STFT). The performance of semi-active time-variant vibration control is compared with its passive counterpart in operational and parked conditions. The dynamic responses for a single seismic record and a set of seismic records are presented. The results show that a semi-active mass damper with a mass ratio of 1% performs significantly better than a passive tuned mass damper with a mass ratio of 4%.

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